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Mu Burundi, ibice 90% vy’ibiza bifatiye kw’ibangamirwa ry’ibidukikije

ggggfg45Mu Burundi, abahinga ngo basanze ibice 90% y’ibiza bimaze kuba, bifatiye kw’ibangamirwa ry’ibidukikije n’ihindagurika ry’ibihe. Ibiza nk’ivyo ngo bifise ingaruka mbi ku buzima bwa minsi yose bw’abanyagihugu ndetse no ku buzima bw’igihugu muri rusangi. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’umushikiranganji ajejwe umutekano, gukinga no gutabara mu gihe c’ibiza n’isibe, Alain Guillaume Bunyoni, ku wa 12 Gitugutu 2018, mw’itanganzo yashikirije abarundi n’amakungu, aho Uburundi bwaca bwifatanya n’amakungu mu guhimbaza umunsi mpuzamakungu wo gukinga no guhangana n’ibiza, umunsi wama uhimbazwa ku wa 13 Gitugutu uko umwaka utashe.Mu Burundi, abahinga ngo basanze ibice 90% y’ibiza bimaze kuba, bifatiye kw’ibangamirwa ry’ibidukikije n’ihindagurika ry’ibihe. Ibiza nk’ivyo ngo bifise ingaruka mbi ku buzima bwa minsi yose bw’abanyagihugu ndetse no ku buzima bw’igihugu muri rusangi. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’umushikiranganji ajejwe umutekano, gukinga no gutabara mu gihe c’ibiza n’isibe, Alain Guillaume Bunyoni, ku wa 12 Gitugutu 2018, mw’itanganzo yashikirije abarundi n’amakungu, aho Uburundi bwaca bwifatanya n’amakungu mu guhimbaza umunsi mpuzamakungu wo gukinga no guhangana n’ibiza, umunsi wama uhimbazwa ku wa 13 Gitugutu uko umwaka utashe.Nk’uko umushikiranganji Alain Guillaume Bunyoni yabandanije abivuga, ngo hari kw’igenekerezo rya 21 Kigarama 2009, inama nkuru y’ibihugu bihurikiye mw’ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu ONU yafashe ingingo inomero 64/200 yo gushiraho umunsi mukuru mpuzamakungu wahariwe gukinga ibiza no gutabara abo vyashikiye.Ihimbazwa ry’uwo munsi ngo rifise intumbero yo guhimiriza ama Reta yo kw’isi yose  hamwe n’amashirahamwe kugirango ararikire abantu bose bakinge ibiza kandi banagabanye ingaruka zavyo.Vyongeye, uwo munsi mukuru ngo udufasha kwirimbura no kumenya intambwe tugezeko mu bikorwa vyo gukinga no gutabara mu gihe c’ibiza nk’uko biri mu ngingo zafatiwe mu nama mpuzamakungu yabareye i Sendai, mu gihugu c’Ubuyapani mu mwaka w’2015, uwo mugambi ukaba uzoshika mu mwaka w’2030.

Mu bushikiranganji bw’umutekano, gukinga no gutabara mu gihe c’ibiza n’isibe ngo bahimbaje uwo munsi mu Burundi ku civugo « Tugabanije ingaruka z’ibiza zibangamira abantu n’ivyabo, nta nkeka iterambere rizorama ». Bisubiye, mu ntumbero yo gushira mu ngiro iki civugo, ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu ONU ryasavye ibihugu kwisunga cane cane ingingo zishingiye kugabanya agahombo mu bisata vy’ubutunzi, uburaro, inyubakwa rusangi, tutibagiye ibidukikije n’ibibanza ndangakaranga.Mu gihe mu Burundi uwa 13 Gitugutu, ari umusi wo kwibuka uwaharaniye intahe yo kwikukira, uwo munsi mpuzamakungu wahariwe wo gukinga no guhangana n’ibiza uzohimbazwa ku wa 19 Gitugutu 2018, ku murwa mukuru w’intara ya Muyinga. Kuri Reta y’Uburundi, ihimbazwa ry’uwo munsi ngo ni akaryo keza ko kuraba intambwe tugezeko, mu gukinga ibiza no gutabara abo vyashikiye. Mu Burundi, abahinga basanze ibice 90% y’ibiza bimaze kuba, bifatiye kw’ibangamirwa ry’ibidukikije n’ihindagurika ry’ibihe. Ibiza nk’ivyo rero ngo birafise ingaruka mbi ku buzima bwa minsi yose bw’abanyagihugu ndetse no ku buzima bw’igihugu.Akarorero ngo ni imyuzurira n’ibihomoka bikunda gushika ku mwaka ku mwaka mu gihe c’imvura na cane cane mu kiyaya c’Imbo no mu mitumba ya Mirwa. Ivyo rero ngo bishika kandi igihugu gifise amategeko atomoye muri ico gisata c’ibidukikije. Ayo mategeko nayo ngo ni ibwirizwa rigenga ibidukikije, ibwirizwa rigenga amazi hamwe n’ibwirizwa ritunganya amashamba. Ayo mabwirizwa rero ngo ni ngombwa ko akurikizwa na bose kugira hagabanywe ingaruka mbi ziturutse ku biza. Ari naco gituma, ubushikiranganji bw’umutekano, gukinga no gutabara mu gihe c’ibiza n’isibe, bwisunze intumbero yatanzwe n’ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu ONU, bugafatira no ku mugambi w’igihugu w’iterambere wa kuva mu 2018 gushika mu 2027, bwiyemeje guhuza abo bose vyega kugira bigire hamwe  ingene amabwirizwa n’amategeko ayakomokako ajejwe gukingira ibidukikije yokurikizwa mu ngingo zayo zose mu ntumbero yo kugabanya ingaruka z’ibiza zibangamira abantu n’ivyabo. Tubameneyeshe ko umushikiranganji Alain Guillaume Bunyoni yasozereye iryo tangazo amenyesha ko Reta y’Uburundi nk’uko bisanzwe biri mu mugambi w’iterambere w’igihugu, yiyemeje gushigikira igisata kijejwe gukinga no gutabara mu gihe c’ibiza. 

 Déo Misigaro                                                                                                            

 

 

Iteka ry’umuntu w’intungane ntiriva ku burambe bwiwe

IMG 20181013 132001Uko umwaka utashe kw’igenekerezo rya 13 Gitugutu ,abarundi bama bibuka umunsi Uburundi bwabura incungu yabwo,umuganwa atari umugani Rudoviko Rwagasore yagandagaguwe n’abatashaka ko Uburundi bwikukira, hari ku wa 13 Gitugutu 1961,ni ukuvuga imyaka 57 iraheze.Uko umwaka utashe kw’igenekerezo rya 13 Gitugutu ,abarundi bama bibuka umunsi Uburundi bwabura incungu yabwo,umuganwa atari umugani Rudoviko Rwagasore yagandagaguwe n’abatashaka ko Uburundi bwikukira, hari ku wa 13 Gitugutu 1961,ni ukuvuga imyaka 57 iraheze.Ku munsi wa gatandatu igenekerezo rya 13 Gitugutu 2018,ibirori nyamukuru vyo kwibuka iyo ncungu y’Uburundi vyabereye mu gisagara ca Bujumbura birongowe n’Umukuru w’igihugu ari kumwe n’umutambukanyi wiwe kandi bikaba vayri vyitabwe n’abanyacubahiro batandukanye.Ivyo birori vyatanguriwe rero n’inkuka y’iisa yabereye kuri Cathédral Regina Mundi yaherejwe n’umwungere wa diyoseze nkuru ya Bujumbura, Musenyeri Gervais Banshimiyubusa, aho  yamenyeshe ko iteka ry’umuntu w’intungane ritava ku burambe bwiwe.Iryo jambo akaba yarishikirije abari aho yishimikije inkuru nziza yanditswe  Mariko mu kigabane cayo c’9 aho Yezu Kristu yabwiye abigishwa mukuru yifata ruto akaba umusuku w’abandi.Musenyeri Gervais Banshimiyubusa akaba reo yamenyesheje ko umuntu w’intungane n’aho yopfa akiri muto azokwibera mu mahoro kuko iteka ry’umuntu ritava ku burambe  bwiwe kandi Imana ihaye umuntu  iminsi yo kumara kw’isi ari ukigira agire ico yimarira n’ico amarira abandi.

Ivyo bikabonekera mu kwanka ko inabi ifata umutima canke ububeshi buzimiza umutima wiwe. Musenyeri Gerevasi Banshimiyubusa yamenyesheje ko igenekerezo rya 13 Gitugutu ari umunsi wo gushimira Imana yari yaratanze umuganwa Rudoviko Rwagasore no gusabira igihugu ko coshikira amahoro n’iterambere birama. Yasavye abari mu misa ko uwo munsi utoba uw’akaruhuko  gusa ahubwo ukwiye kugira ico wibutsa  n’ico wigishije abarundi bafatiye ku buzima barimwo n’ibihe igihugu carimwo ku ntwaro y’ababirigi. Yzarongeye amenyesha ko mu gitabu c’ubwitonzi, ikigabane ca 4 handitswe  ko umuntu w’intungane naho yopfa akiri muto yibera mu mahoro kuko iteka ry’umuntu ritava ku burambe. Ngo Imana ihaye umuntu iminsi yo kumara kw’isi ari ukigira agire yimariye n’ico umariye abandi na cane cane mu kwanka inabi ifata umutima canke ububeshi ngo buzimize umutima wiwe. Niko kumenyesha ko umwe wese ahamagariwe kuba  intungane mw’ibanga Imana iba yaramutoreye kuko umwe umwe wese afise ibanga ryiwe.Musenyeri Gervais Banshimiyubusa yabandanije amenyesha ko ivyo Rwagasore ataguze iguhugu arondera amaronko kuko naho atari kuba umushikirangoma wa mbere atari kubura ibimubeshaho. Yashimye ko igihugu cikurako bakavamahanga abicishije mu matora naho bobo batabishaka. Bisubiye ngo Rwagasore yashira Imana imbere kandi yahuza umutima n’ijambo n’abandi barundi. Yarahabereye umugabo arasubiza ijambo n’intahe Uburundi n’abarundi. Rwagasore kandi ngo yari afise umutima w’intungane n’ishaka. Naho iyo ntahe yo kwikukira yabonetse vyaciye kure.Musenyeri Gerevasi Banshimiyubusa yarangije insiguro yiwe amenyesha ko umurongozi mwiza araba kazoza mu ntumbero yo kumurikira abo arongoye bataramenya kwiha intumbero. Umuganwa Rudoviko Rwagasore yobera abarundi akarorero keza ko gushira hamwe kuko yashitse ku ntahe yo kwikukira ashize hamwe n’abandi barundi. Yasavye abitavye iyo nkuka ya misa n’abarundi bose kuremesha amahoro no kuba inkingi z’amahoro.Inyuma y’iyo nkuka ya misa hakurikiye umugirwa wo gushira amashurwe ku ntatemwa y’iyo ncungu y’Uburundi iri ku musozi Vugizo uhanamiye igisagara ca Bujumbura.Umukuru w’igihugu Petero NKURUNZIZA n’umupfasoni wiwe bakaba aribo babanje gushira urugori rw’amashurwe ku ntatemwa y’Umuganwa Rudoviko Rwagasore. Haciye hakurikira abaserukira ibihugu vyabo mu Burundi hamwe n’abarongoye imigambwe yemewe n’amategeko mu Burundi hamwe n’abo mu muryango wa Rwagasore. Ivyo birangiye abari aho baciye bumviriza ijambo umuganwa Rudoviko rwagasore yashikirije abarundi n’amakungu umugambwe UPRONA uheje gutahukana amatora y’abashingamateka ku wa 18 Nyakanga 1961.                                                                                Anitha Bizimana  na

Epitace Nduwayo

 

 

Ibiganiro bitegekanijwe i Arusha bizoha akaryo abanyeporitike bari hanze y’igihugu kwunganira urupapuro rw’inzira rwo mu Kayanza

 

DSC 066667564667Ikinyamakuru UBUMWE caraganiriye n’abanyeporitike bamwe bamwe mu ntumbero yo gutegera ico bizeye cova mu biganiro bigira gatanu bitegekanijwe kubera i Arusha mu mpera z’uku kwezi kwa Gitugutu 2018. Nka bose bakavuga ko bazogerageza kwunganira canke gutsimbataza urupapuro rw’inzira bumvikayeko mu Kayanza ku wa 3 Myandagaro 2018 naho hari imigambwe mike yitavye ivyo biganiro ariko ntishire umukono kuri urwo rupapuro n’iyindi itavyitavye. Aho i Arusha rero bakavuga ko kazoba ari akaryo keza ku banyeporitike bari hanze y’igihugu ko kurwunganira no gushikiriza ivyipfuzo vyabo vyotuma bahunguka mu ntumbero yo kwitegurira amatora yo mu mwaka w’2020. Umugambwe UPRONA Ikinyamakuru UBUMWE caraganiriye n’abanyeporitike bamwe bamwe mu ntumbero yo gutegera ico bizeye cova mu biganiro bigira gatanu bitegekanijwe kubera i Arusha mu mpera z’uku kwezi kwa Gitugutu 2018. Nka bose bakavuga ko bazogerageza kwunganira canke gutsimbataza urupapuro rw’inzira bumvikayeko mu Kayanza ku wa 3 Myandagaro 2018 naho hari imigambwe mike yitavye ivyo biganiro ariko ntishire umukono kuri urwo rupapuro n’iyindi itavyitavye. Aho i Arusha rero bakavuga ko kazoba ari akaryo keza ku banyeporitike bari hanze y’igihugu ko kurwunganira no gushikiriza ivyipfuzo vyabo vyotuma bahunguka mu ntumbero yo kwitegurira amatora yo mu mwaka w’2020.

Umugambwe UPRONA wakiriza yompi ivyiyumviro biza vyubaka igihugu
Umugambwe UPRONA umenyesha ko uzokwitaba ibiganiro vy’i Arusha bigira gatanu umuhuza mu matati y’Uburundi Benjamin Mkapa avuga ko arivyo vya nyuma bizoba bibereye hanze y’igihugu nk’uko biri mu butumire bahawe n’umuhuza. Ivyo ni ibimenyeshwa n’umunyamabanga mukuru w’umugambwe UPRONA olivier Nkurunziza mu kiganiro yahaye ikinyamakuru UBUMWE. Amenyesha ko muri iyo nama bitegekanijwe yuko bazigira hamwe urupapuro rw’inzira ruzobashikana ku matora yo mu mwaka w’2020. Ngo bazorabira hamwe kandi ukungene ibihugu vyo mu karere n’amakungu vyoherekeza canke vyofasha Uburundi muri ayo matora. Arongera akamenyesha ko mu mugambwe UPRONA bashimishwa n’intumbero y’iyo nama kuko ico bamye bavuga ari ugushiraho amategeko n’ingendo vyofasha abarundi bose bashaka kwitabira amatora. Mu nama za mbere ngo wasanga bariko bavuga ibijanye n’Ibwirizwa Shingiro, iryo naryo rikaba ryaramaze kwemezwa n’abanyagihugu mbere n’Umukuru w’igihugu akarishirako umukono. Baravuga kandi ikiringo ca gatatu c’Umukuru w’igihugu ariko muri kino gihe kikaba kitakiri ikibazo kuko cavuye mu nzira. Arongera akamenyesha ko umugambwe UPRONA uriho kugira uterere agacumu k’ubumwe mu gutorera umuti ibibazo biba bihanze igihugu. Amenyesha ko ari no muri iyo ntumbero uwo mugambwe washize umukono ku rupapuro rw’inzira imigambwe yitavye ibiganiro vyo mu Kayanza vyo ku wa 3 Myandagaro 2018 yashitseko kugira hatunganywe amatora yo mu 2020. Arongera akamenyesha ko niyo mu nama y’i Arusha haboneka ivyiyumviro vyiza biza vyubaka vyoja muri urwo rupapuro rw’inzira uwo mugambwe uzobishigikira. Ku bavuga ko iyo nama idashobora kuzotorera inyishu ibibazo vy’Uburundi amenyesha ko iminsi yose hadutse ibibazo bija inzira imwe biciye mu biganiro. Umugambwe UPRONA kandi ngo uguma usaba ko abarundi bahunze igihugu na cane cane abahungiye mu gihugu c’Urwanda bokworoherezwa abashaka gutaha bagataha. Aho rero ngo bazorabira hamwe icoba kibabuza gutahuka gutyo ibihugu vy’Uburundi n’Urwanda vyokwigira hamwe icokorwa kugira abashaka gutaha bahunguke baheze bitabe amatora yo mu mwaka w’2020. Umugambwe UPRONA kandi ngo uzosaba kurabira hamwe ibihano vyafatiwe Uburundi n’ishirahamwe ry’ibihugu vya Buraya ukuntu vyohagarara kugira imfashanyo zisubire kuboneka mu ntumbero yo kuduza ubutunzi bw’igihugu muri kino gihe bugoyagoya. Aho ngo boheza bakumvisha ivyo bihugu ko gufatira ibihano Uburundi ari ukubifatira abanyagihugu ubwabo. Uwo mugambwe uzosaba ko imigenderanire n’ibindi bihugu yosubira kuba myiza canke igatsimbatara ariko hisunzwe ubwigenge bw’igihugu c’Uburundi.  Kuvuga ko ivyo biganiro vyoba ivya nyuma ngo yibaza ko ibiganiro hagati mu gihugu ari umugenzo ariko ngira vyoba ivya nyuma bibereye hanze y’igihugu na  cane cane i Arusha. Ku bijanye n’abanyeporitike bari  hanze y’igihugu amenyesha ko bari mu migwi ibiri ; hari abahunze bagirizwa gushaka gutembagaza ubutegetsi ku wa 13 Rusama 2015, abo rero ngo bategerezwa kubanza kwitaba ubutungane kuko UPRONA ishura imbere ubutungane. Hakaba n’umugwi w’abanyeporitike bahunze ico gihe ariko ataco bakurikiranwako n’ubutungane, abo rero ngo nibo bakwiye guhunguka kugira bashobore gutora canke kwitoza mu mwaka w’2020. Bisubiye ngo abantu bashika ibihumbi amajana 4 bari hanze ntibagiye bakoze amakosa kuko abaronderwa n’ubutungane batarenga 30.

Umugambwe RBP Nturenganywe usaba abanyeporitike kwunganira urupapuro rw’inzira rwo mu Kayanza

Umugambwe RPB nturenganywe usaba abanyeporitike na cane cane abari hanze y’igihugu kwitaba ibiganiro bigira 5 bitegekanijwe kubera i Arusha kugira bunganire urupapuro rw’inzira rwo mu Kayanza. Ivyo twavyiganiwe na Déo Rwanzemba ari mu biro bikuru vy’uwo mugambwe ako ngera akaba arongoye umuhari w’urwaruka rw’uwo mugambwe mu kiganiro yahaye ikinyamakuru UBUMWE. Ngo niho bazoheza bakagira ico bashikirije cotuma amatora yo mu mwaka w’2020 agenda neza ku neza y’igihugu n’abanyagihugu. Ngo ahabo bazobereka ko ivyo bahora bavuga ko ingingo nkuru nkuru ziri mu masezerano y’i Arusha zubahirizwa n’Ibwirizwa Shingiro riheruka kwitorerwa n’abanyagihugu. Aho akavuga nk’ibitigiri vyo kugabura ubutegetsi hisunzwe ubwoko n’igitsina vyagumye uko bitegekanijwe n’amasezerano y’i Arusha. Umugalbwe RPB wipfuza kandi ko boganira ku kungene amakungu n’akarere vyokwunganira Uburundi mu matora yo mu 2020 haba mu buryo canke kurungika abahinga mu kurorera amatora. N’aho biri uko ngo iyo mfashanyo yoza yubahiriza ubwigenge bw’igihugu atari uko ngo kirafise uburyo bwo kwitunganiriza amatora. Ico uwo mugambwe utemera ngo n’uko abanyamahanga batanze uburyo bwo gutunganya amatora baca bashaka ko ibiyavamwo biba uko babishaka. Muri uwo mugambwe kandi bipfuza ko ivyo biganiro vyoba ivya nyuma vyoba bibereye hanze y’igihugu.


Umugambwe UPD-Zigamibanga wipfuza ko ibiganiro vy’i Arusha vyoha umwizero abarundi bose

Umugambwe UPD-Zigamibanga witeze ko inama yimirije kubera i Arusha izohuza abanyeporitike yoshika ku rupapuro rw’inzira rwumvikanyweko na bose. Ivyo bikaba bimenyeshwa n’umunyamabanga mukuru w’uwo mugambwe Jean Dieudonné Cimpaye mu kiganiro yahaye ikinayamakuru UBUMWE. Urwo rupapuro rw’inzira rwoheza rugaha umwizero abarundi bari hanze y’igihugu kugira bashobore gutahuka baheze bitabe amatora yo mu mwaka w’2020 nk’abandi barundi bose. Kuganira ku rupapuro rw’inzira ni akaryo keza ko kwunganira urupapuro rwo mu Kayanza.  Kazoba akaryo kandi ku banyeporitike ko kurabira hamwe ingorane zihari no kuzitorera umuti kugira baje mu matora yo mu mwaka w’2020 batekanye. Uwo mugambwe wipfuza kandi ko ayo matora yoba yugururiwe bose, bakayajamwo bisanzuye kandi badakebaguzwa. Ivyo biganiro kandi vyoza bituma amakungu asubira kwizera Uburundi. Vyoheza bigatuma abarundi baruhuka ibihano bafatiwe n’ibihugu vya Buraya. Mu gihe naho hogira abanyeporitike batitaba ivyo biganiro ngo ntaco vyobamarira kandi ntaco vyofasha Uburundi n’abarundi atari ukubasubiza inyuma. Uwo munyamabanga mukuru w’umugambwe akavuga ko kwoba ari no guhemukira abarundi n’igihugu.  Muri kino gihe kandi ngo ikintu gikenewe cane n’uko abanyeporitike bokwizerana bakavavanura no kwinubana kandi bakitaba amatora kuko ariyo nzira yonyene ishikana igihugu mu mahoro, umutekano na demokarasi. Ngo ni nabwo buryo burashe bwo gushiraho inzego zirongora igihugu gutyo izihari zikabisikanya n’izo abanyagihugu bitoreye ata musunikano. Ivyo navyo bisaba ko urubuga rwa poritike rwugururwa kugira abanyeporitike bose bitegurire kwitaba amatora haba mu gutora canke kwitoza. Ivyo rero ngo vyotuma Uburundi bukomeza inzira ya demokarasi bwatanguye. 

Epitace Nduwayo

 

Amashirahamwe adaharanira inyungu za poritike y’abanyamahanga asabwa gukora yisunze amategeko ayagenga

 

Amashirahamwe mpuzamakungu adaharanira inyungu za poritike  arangurira imirimo yayo mu Burundi yahawe ikiringo c’amezi atatu uhereye kw’igenekerezo rya mbere Gitugutu 2018 co kwerekana ko akora amategeko ayangenga yubahirijwe. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe na Pascal Barandagiye, umushikiranganji w’intwaro yo hagati n’inyigisho zo gukundisha igihugu abarundi igihe yakoranya abarongoye canke abaserukira ayo mashirahamwe mw’ihoteri Source du Nil ku wa 2 Gitugutu 2018 mu nama  yabagirishije  inyuma y’ingingo yafashwe n’Inama y’igihugu ijejwe umutekano yo guhagarika ibikorwa vy’ayo mashirahamwe mu kiringo c’amezi atatu kugira abanze asuzumwe ko yubahiriza amategeko.Amashirahamwe mpuzamakungu adaharanira inyungu za poritike  arangurira imirimo yayo mu Burundi yahawe ikiringo c’amezi atatu uhereye kw’igenekerezo rya mbere Gitugutu 2018 co kwerekana ko akora amategeko ayangenga yubahirijwe. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe na Pascal Barandagiye, umushikiranganji w’intwaro yo hagati n’inyigisho zo gukundisha igihugu abarundi igihe yakoranya abarongoye canke abaserukira ayo mashirahamwe mw’ihoteri Source du Nil ku wa 2 Gitugutu 2018 mu nama  yabagirishije  inyuma y’ingingo yafashwe n’Inama y’igihugu ijejwe umutekano yo guhagarika ibikorwa vy’ayo mashirahamwe mu kiringo c’amezi atatu kugira abanze asuzumwe ko yubahiriza amategeko.Nk’uko Pascal Barandagiye yabishikirije mu butumwa bwiwe ngo vyari bikenewe ko hatangwa umuco ku ngingo yafashwe n’Inama y’igihugu ijejwe umutekano yo guhagarika ibikorwa vy’amashirahamwempuzamakungu adaharanira inyungu za poritike akorera mu gihugu. Ishirahamwe ryose ngo risabwa gutanga urupapuro rwerekana ko ryagiriraniye amasezerano n’Uburundi yerekeye gukorera mu Burundi. Ishirahamwe ryose ngo ritegerezwa kandi kwerekana urupapuro rw’amasezerano yerekena ingene rizokurikiza amategeko arigenga n’integuro y’imigambi y’iterambere yaryo yisunga umugambi nyamkuru w’igihugu wo guteza imbere abarundi. Hari kandi urupapuro rwerekana ko ishirahamwe ryubahiriza amategeko yo kubika no kubikura mu mabanki yo mu gihugu c’Uburundi. Ikigira kane gisabwa n’integuro yerekana ingene ugutanga akazi ku bakozi kwisunga iyubahirizwa ryo kudakumira ubwoko.Pascal Barandagiye yamenyesheje kandi muri ubwo butumwa ko hoba hari amashirahamwe akora atisunze amategeko ayo rero ngo nivyagaragara ko ariho azoca asezererwa. Ngo ikiringo c’amezi atatu catanzwe ni ico guha akaryo ayo mashihamwe kugira ngo ashikane ibisabwa hanyuma ashishikare gukora. Eka mbere ngo ishirahamwe ryose rizoba rishikanye ivyo bisabwa ubwo nyene rizoca ribandanya imirimo yaryo.Bamwe mu baserukira ayo mashirahamwe barafashe ijambo aho babajije ko nimba nk’amashirahamwe afise ibigo bivura, ivyo bigo bica na vyo vyugara. Umushikiranganji Pascal Barandagiye yishuye ko ivyo bigo eka mbere n’amashure bishishikara gukora icese kubera bisanzwe vyaragiriraniye amasezerano n’ubushikiranganji bw’amagara y’abantu canke ubw’indero ariko ayo mashirahamwe akihuta gushikana ibisabwa kugira ngo bigaragare ko akora yisunze amategeko. Barabajije kandi nimba ubushikiranganji bazoba barondera kwakirwamwo buzokworosha imibonano kugira ngo umwanya wubahirizwe, Pascal Barandagiye yishuye ko abashikiranganji bose vyega basabwa kwubahiriza iyo mibonano mbere uhereye kuri we nyene ubwiwe. Yanaciye mbere atanga imihora yiwe ya terefone kugira ngo abazomukenera bamuronke ku gihe. Kandi yiyemeje ko azoraba ivyo bisabwa akoresheje umwanya muto cane.

Nathan Ntahondi

 

Mu ntara za Cankuzo, Kirundo, Ngozi na Rutana Reta igiye guteza imbere amagara y’abavyeyi n’ibibondo ku mfashanyo y’igihugu c’Ubuyapani

 

vbngKu wa 2 Gitugutu 2018, ubushikiranganji bw’amagara y’abantu no kurwanya ikiza SIDA, bwaratanguje icese umugambi wo gutsimbataza amagara y’abavyeyi n’ibibondo mu ntara 4 arizo Cankuzo, Kirundo, Ngozi na Rutana; bufashwe mu mugongo n’ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu rijejwe ineza y’ibibondo UNICEF ku ngabire y’igihugu c’Ubuyapani kibicishije ku kigo kijejwe gufashanya JICA. Ku wa 2 Gitugutu 2018, ubushikiranganji bw’amagara y’abantu no kurwanya ikiza SIDA, bwaratanguje icese umugambi wo gutsimbataza amagara y’abavyeyi n’ibibondo mu ntara 4 arizo Cankuzo, Kirundo, Ngozi na Rutana; bufashwe mu mugongo n’ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu rijejwe ineza y’ibibondo UNICEF ku ngabire y’igihugu c’Ubuyapani kibicishije ku kigo kijejwe gufashanya JICA. Uwo mugambi ukaba uzotwara amafaranga agera ku 3.464.570 y’amadorari y’abanyamerika. Intumbero nyamukuru akaba ari ukuronsa amavuriro ibikoresho vyo kugarukira amagara y’abavyeyi n’ay’abana bakivuka. Hari kandi ugukurikirana abavyeyi bibungenze, abana bakivuka n’abandi bana muri rusangi. Hazobaho igikorwa co kwandikisha abana bavutse no kwubahiriza agateka k’abana no kubavura neza hakoreshejwe ikaye abavyeyi bisuzumishirizako imbanyi no kuvuza abana. Ibikorwa vyo mu gihugu hagati navyo bitunganywe neza muri izo ntara 4 ku bana bafise munsi y’imyaka 5 harimwo n’abakivuka.

Hitezwe ko uwo mugambi woronsa ibikoresho amavuriro ashika 55 mu gisata c’abavyeyi n’abana. Hari kandi ugukingira abavyeyi bibungenze n’abana bakivuka. Ibikorwa vyo gufasha abana bafise munsi y’imyaka 5  mu gihe barwaye bizotezwa imbere.Umwunganizi w’umushikiranganji w’amagara y’abantu no kurwanya ikiza SIDA  muganga Joselyne Nsanzerugeze, yamenyesheje ko uwo mugambi uje hageze kuko uzofasha mu kunagura ibikorwa mu mavuriro, mu gutunganiriza abavyeyi n’ibibondo baje bagana ayo mavuriro, mu kubahereza ibikoresho bakenera muri ayo mavuriro, no mu gufasha abaganga kunagura ubwenge. Ngo biteze kandi ko uwo mugambi uzobafasha mu kwijukira  gukoresha ka gatabu gakoreshwa n’umuvyeyi n’umwana atarakwiza imyaka 5 kugira ngo kabandanye gakoreshwa neza n’abagakoresha bamenye neza ingene bakuzuza, mbere  kanakoreshwe n’iyo hageze kwandikisha umwana muri Komine.Uwo mugambi uzofasha abaremeshakiyago mu kunagurirwa ubumenyi kugira bazofashe mu guhimiriza abavyeyi bibungeze kugira bapimishe imbanyi hakiri kare, bongere basuzumishe abana haba mu gikuriro canke mu ndwara zishobora kubafata. Joselyne yamenyesheje kandi ko igituma bahisemwo izo ntara 4 ari kubera ko baravye ibiharuro vyavuye mw’isuzumwa ryabaye mu 2016 no mu 2017 vyerekana ko muri izo ntara abasuzumisha imbanyi  baza batevye gusumba ahandi.Uwuserukira UNICEF Jérémy Hopkins, yamenyesheje ko gutanguza uwo mugambi, vyerekana ishaka rya Reta ryo kwitwararika amagara y’abavyeyi n’abana b’Uburundi yunganiwe n’abasanzwe bayifasha. Kw’isi ku mwaka ku mwaka imiriyoni y’abakenyezi babandanya kugira ingorane mu gihe bibungenze canke bariko baribaruka biturutse ku kwibarukira ahantu habi. Niyo mpamvu amavuriro yose yo mu gihugu yari akwiye kuronswa ibikoresho vyo kwakira abavyeyi bariko baribaruka n’inyuma yaho n’abana n’imiyabaga. Uwo mugambi kandi uzotuma igihugu gishika kw’ihangiro rigira gatatu mu mugambi w’iterambere rirama mu mwaka w’2030. Ngo ibice vy’abavyeyi basandaba bariko baribaruka bizoja munsi ya 70 ku bana bavuka bashika ibihumbi 100. Bisubiye bizotuma ibitigiri vy’abana bapfa bakivuka canke bafise munsi y’imyaka 5 bigabanuka. Intumbero ngo ni uko ibihugu vyose vyoja ku bana 12 basandaba ku bana 1000 bavuka bakomeye; ko abana bapfa bafise munsi y’imyaka 5  batorenga ibice 25 ku 1000 bazoba bavutse bakomeye mu mwaka w’2030. Uwo mugambi kandi uzoshigikira abakenyezi bibungenze ibihumbi 150 n’abana bafise munsi y’imyaka 5 bashika ibihumbi 500 harimwo abakivuka 130. Abakozi bo mu mavuriro nabo bazokarihirizwa ubumenyi muri izo ntara 4, ibikoresho n’imiti y’ibanze biboneke. Umuyobozi mukuru w’ikigo JICA kijejwe ugufashanya kw’Ubuyapani n’ibindi bihugu mu karere ka Afrika Ryuichi Kato, nawe yamenyesheje ko ikigo arongoye catanguye gukorera mu Burundi mu mwaka w’2007. Aho ngo cunganira Reta mu mugambi wo gutsimbataza amahoro n’iterambere vy’igihugu. N’inyuma y’umwaka w’2015 , Reta Y’Ubuyapani yagumye ifasha Uburundi. Aho ikaba yarafashije kwagura ikivuko ca Bujumbura, mu gisata c’uburimyi n’amagara y’abantu. Umugambi wo kugabanya ibitigiri vy’abavyeyi bahitanwa n’imbanyi n’abana bapfa bariko baravuka waranguriwe kandi mu ntara za Gitega na Mwaro kuva mu 2013 gushika mu 2018. N’aho biri uko ngo ibitigiri vy’abakenyezi bapimisha imbanyi n’abisuzumisha bamaze kwibaruka biracari bike kuko vyababa 50 kw’ijana. Kugira ivyo bitigiri biduge bisaba ko abakozi bo mu mavuriro n’abaremeshakiyago baronswa agashirukabute.Uwuserukira igihugu c’Ubuyapani mu Burundi, Takayuki Miyashita nawe yamenyesheje ko Reta y’Ubuyapani idahengeshanya gufasha Reta y’Uburundi n’abanyagihugu ibicishije mu mashirahamwe mpuzamakungu. Gukinga no guteza imbere amagara y’abavyeyi n’ibibondo ngo ni igikorwa ngirakamaro ufatiye ku mpanuka n’ingorane bahura nazo. Ugukingira ubuzima bw’abavyeyi n’ibibondo rero ntibizanira  akarusho kuri bo gusa, ahubwo bizana akarusho ku miryango yabo ndetse no ku gihugu cose. Akizera rero ko uwo mugambi uzozana bimwe biboneka umwimbu mwiza. Yarangije ashima imigenderanire myiza hagati y’Uburundi n’Ubuyapani yongera amenyesha ko Reta y’Ubuyapani izobandanya ifata mu mugongo Uburundi mu migambi y’iterambere. 

Gloriose Nshimirimana

 

Abacamanza basabwa kudasamazwa n’ivyegeranyo bicafuza urwego rw’ubutungane bahagararire ubwigenge bwarwo

papapaUmukuru w’igihugu Petero NKURUNZIZA asaba abacamanza kudasamazwa n’ivyegeranyo bicafuza urwego rw’ubutungane bahagararire ubwigenge  bwarwo, akabahanura muri rusangi kuba akarorero keza mu kibano gutyo ubutungane buhere mu miryango iwabo mbere bahagararire imico n’imigenzo myiza y’ikirundi. Ivyo bikaba ari bimwe mu biri mw’ijambo yashikirije ku wa 2 Gitugutu 2018, igihe yatanguza icese umwaka mushasha w’ubutungane w’umwaka w’2018 ushira uw’2019, mu ngoro y’amakoraniro mu Kigobe. Umukuru w’igihugu Petero NKURUNZIZA asaba abacamanza kudasamazwa n’ivyegeranyo bicafuza urwego rw’ubutungane bahagararire ubwigenge  bwarwo, akabahanura muri rusangi kuba akarorero keza mu kibano gutyo ubutungane buhere mu miryango iwabo mbere bahagararire imico n’imigenzo myiza y’ikirundi. Ivyo bikaba ari bimwe mu biri mw’ijambo yashikirije ku wa 2 Gitugutu 2018, igihe yatanguza icese umwaka mushasha w’ubutungane w’umwaka w’2018 ushira uw’2019, mu ngoro y’amakoraniro mu Kigobe. Nk’uko Prezida NKURUNZIZA yabandanije abimenyesha, ngo ubutungane ni isoko ry’amahoro n’umutekano, ivyo navyo bikaba nkenerwa mw’irangurwa ry’imigambi y’iterambere. Yaribukije abashikirizamanza, abacamanza, n’abandi bakozi bo mu butungane ko igikorwa cabo atari umwuga nk’iyindi ahubwo ko ari ibanga ribangirwa ingata. Ngo bategerezwa gukora ibishoboka vyose kugira intambamyi n’inzitizi zibuza ababitura gutunganirizwa neza ziranduranwa n’imizi. Ariko rero ko naho izo ntambamyi zicibonekeza ataworeka gushima isemo igisata c’ubutungane kigezeko kuko ubushikiranganji bwaranguye vyinshi mu bijanye no gushira mu ngiro umugambi w’igihugu wo kworohereza abitura inzego z’ubutungane no gufasha abafise amikoro make gushikira ubutungane, kwegereza ubutungane abenegihugu, kuremesha ibiganiro no gusanga abakozi ku mirimo, gushira mu ngiro imanza zaciwe n’ibindi. Prezida NKURUNZIZA yarakeje urwego rw’ubutungane yongera arusaba kurushirizaho muri uno mwaka batanguye, ariko rero ngo kugira babishikeko umwe wese yogira ico aterereye mu kurwanya ibiturire, ubunebwe, n’ubundi bubegito butera iceyi ubutungane.

Yarongeye kandi aranegura ingendo y’abacamanza bamwe bamwe yo kudindiza imanza, aca asaba ababijejwe kubakurikiranira hafi mu kubumvisha ko bategerezwa guhindura ingendo bidakunze bagafatirwa ibihano. Yarasavye indongozi n’abakozi bo mu gisata c’ubutungane kwitwararika ko kudatunganiriza neza ababituye bigira ingaruka mbi ku magara y’abantu, ku mibano no ku migenderanire y’igihugu. Prezida NKURUNZIZA yaranamenyesheje ko ubutungane bwiza butuma abanyamitahe bahurumbira igihugu mu rudandazwa n’ibikorwa vy’iterambere bikarangurwa neza, aca aboneraho n’akaryo ko gushimira abarushije abandi mu mwaka warangiye mu kubaronsa impapuro z’iteka n’ibahasha zitandukanye. Yaciye asaba abarundi kugaruka ku mico yaranga basokuruza aho amatati menshi yatorerwa umuti mu miryango, ngo bategere ko kwitura amasentare bitwara umwanya n’uburyo bigahagarika n’imigambi yo kwiteza imbere. Abakora mu gisata c’ubutungane yabasavye kwirinda gukora ibiteye kubiri n’ishaka ry’Imana ngo bongere bategere neza amajambo ari mu rurimbo ruhayagiza igihugu kuko abafasha gutegera ico bahamagariwe n’ico bategerezwa gukora. Indongozi n’abakora mu gisata c’ubutungane yabasavye kuba maso no guhagararira ubutungane mu gukora ibiroranye no kwirinda ico arico cose cokoza isoni igihugu. Ngo bongere biyamirize abarundi canke abanyamahanga batyoza canke bafise intumbero yo gusambura ubutungane bw’Uburundi, barwize ibiganiro n’abenegihugu mu kubafasha gutahura neza uko ubutungane bukora. Yasavye kandi ko ubutungane bwogira uruhara ruboneka mu gukomeza no gukingira ingo kuko urugo ari umushinge w’igihugu. Abavyeyi n’abarezi nabo yabasavye kwitwararika imvugo n’ingiro bisasira indava ubutungane n’ukuri kuko ari inzira irashe yo kwubaka igihugu ciganjemwo iteka n’itekane. Umushikiranganji w’ubutungane nawe, Aimé Laurentine Kanyana, yamenyesheje ko hisunzwe umugambi ntunganyamirimo w’ubushikiranganji bw’ubutungane no gukingira iteka n’itekane vy’igihugu, ubwo bushikiranganji bwaranguye ibikorwa vyinshi kandi bishimishije. Yamenyesheje ko bihweje icivugo c’uno mwaka gihagaze ku butungane bwiza bushigikira iterambere bazokigendera mu gushira mu ngiro imigambi yo kubandanya guhinyanyura no guhindura amategeko yose mu Kirundi, guhimiriza no gushiraho amategeko atuma inzandiko nkenerwa zose zandikwa mu rurimi kavukire, kurwiza ibiganiro n’abanyamitahe, kwegereza ubutungane abenegihugu biciye mu gushiraho amasentare azoba akenewe cane cane hisungwe ubuhinga bukenewe kugira ibibazo bihanze abenegihugu bitorerwe umuti, kurwanya abarya igiturire, abanyuruza amatungo ya Reta n’abayasesagura, gukarihiriza ubwenge abakozi, gukurikiranira hafi amadosiye y’abafungwa, guteza imbere igisata kijejwe kwandika amatongo no gushingura impapuro zayo, gutegura amabwirizwa n’amategeko no gushiraho inzego zikenewe n’ibindi. Ngo kugira ivyo bishoboke, yaciye asaba abarangurira imirimo mu bushikiranganji bw’ubutungane gukorana umwete n’ubwira, kugendera akarangamutima k’umwuga, kwirinda ababasamaza, kurandurana n’imizi ingeso yo gufunga bidakenewe, no kwakirana iteka n’urweze ababitura.

Evelyne Niyonzima

 

 
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