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Imiriyoni zirenga 33 z’amadorari y’abanyamerika niyo yitezwe mu kigega ca Reta avuye mu butare

 

IMG 2018Mu mezi atandatu aheze, mu gisata c’ubutare harabonetse umwimbu w’amatoni 472 y’ubutare bwa « coltan, cassitérite na wolframite », amatoni 600 y’akabuyenge hamwe n’ibiro 446 vy’inzahabu. Inyuma yo gushora ubwo butare, ngo mu kigega ca Reta barindiriye imiriyoni zirenga 33 z’amadorari y’abanyamerika (33 773 344). Ivyo bikaba vyashikirijwe n’umushikiranganji w’amasoko ntanganguvu, ubutare n’agataka, Côme Manirakiza, ku wa 8 Myandagaro 2018, aho yariko arashikiriza ivyaranguwe n’ubwo bushikiranganji mu mezi atandatu aheze.Mu mezi atandatu aheze, mu gisata c’ubutare harabonetse umwimbu w’amatoni 472 y’ubutare bwa « coltan, cassitérite na wolframite », amatoni 600 y’akabuyenge hamwe n’ibiro 446 vy’inzahabu. Inyuma yo gushora ubwo butare, ngo mu kigega ca Reta barindiriye imiriyoni zirenga 33 z’amadorari y’abanyamerika (33 773 344). Ivyo bikaba vyashikirijwe n’umushikiranganji w’amasoko ntanganguvu, ubutare n’agataka, Côme Manirakiza, ku wa 8 Myandagaro 2018, aho yariko arashikiriza ivyaranguwe n’ubwo bushikiranganji mu mezi atandatu aheze.Nk’uko  umushikiranganji, Côme Manirakiza yabandanije abivuga, ngo bariko barakurikirana ibikorwa vy’amashirahamwe ariko arimba ubutare mu Burundi. Ku mwimbu wabonetse mu gisata c’ubutare, ngo amashirahamwe ariko arimba ubutare mu Burundi hari amatagisi batanga mu kigega ca Reta. Nino muri iyo ntumbero harindiriwe imiriyoni zirenga 33 z’amadorari y’abanyamerika kugira azanwe mw’ibanki nkuru y’igihugu.Mu gisata c’amasoko ntanganguvu, Ubushikiranganji   bukijejwe, barategekanya gusanura no kwungura imihora y’umuyagankuba mu gisagara ca Bujumbura kubera ko iyo mihora ari iya kera cane.

Iyo mihora kubera ishaje, ngo ituma hari umwimbu ugenda uratakarira mu nzira. Ku bijanye n’ingomero ziriko zirubakwa, urugomero rwa Jiji-Murembwe ruzotanga amamegawati 49, ngo ibikorwa bigiye gutangura kubera ko Reta y’Uburundi yatanze uwo bipfuza ko yoronswa isoko yo kwubaka urwo rugomero. Ubu rero ngo barindiriye ko abashigikira uwo mugambi bemeza uwo yotsindira iyo soko yo kurwubaka.Ku bijanye n’ibikorwa vyo kwubaka urugomero ku ruzi Mpanda, ngo ibikorwa vyari vyateye intambwe ishimishije. Ariko kubera uburyo butabandanije buboneka, ibikorwa vyarahagaze gatoya. Mu gihe ico gikorwa gifashwe mu mugongo na Reta y’Uburundi, ngo bariko baravugana n’ubushikiranganji bw’ikigega ca Reta kugira ivyo bikorwa bibandanye. Mu bindi bikorwa biriko birakorwa muri kino gihe  ngo bariko bubaka umuhora uzozana umuyagankuba uwukura ku rugomero rw’uruzi  Mpanda gushika i Gahongore, mu ntara ya Bubanza. Amasezerano yo kwubaka uwo muhora yarateweko umukono.Imigambi itandukanye mu gisata c’amasoko ntanganuguvu irategekanijweMu gisata c’amasoko ntanganguvu, ibikorwa vyo kwubaka urugomero rwo ku ruzi  Kaburantwa ruzotanga amamegawati 20  biriko biragenda neza. Amabarabara ashika ahari urugomero yarasanuwe, ayandi nayo yaraciwe. Mu mezi atandatu aheze, ngo harabaye gutegura aho amazi azoca, ayo nayo akazoca hagati y’umusozi, ico bita « tunnel », aho bamaze kwubaka uburebure bw’imetero 289. Ndetse n’ibikorwa vyo kwubaka ahazoba hari urugomero nyenzina biriko bigenda neza. Muri ico gisata nyene, harategekanywa kwubakwa urugomero rwo ku ruzi Ruzibazi ruzotanga ama megawati 15, ibikorwa bikazofatwa mu mugongo n’igihugu c’Ubushinwa. Muri kino gihe, ngo hariko higwa ibikorwa vyo gukingira ibidukikije hamwe no gutanga umuzibukiro ku banyagihugu bazokurwa mu vyabo, igihe ibikorwa nyezina bizotangura.Mu ntumbero yo kurwiza umuyagankuba, ngo hari umugambi ATAZ wo ku myaka 2 ushigikiwe n’ishirahamwe ry’abanyaburaya « U.E », uwo mugambi ukaba watumye haboneka amamegawati 16, uwo nawo waje wiyongera ku wundi wari watangujwe muri Nyakanga 2017. Ubu ngo nico gituma bimwe vyo gukabukanya mu gutanga umuyagankuba mu Burundi bwose vyasezerewe, umuyagankuba ukaboneka amasaha 24 kuri 24. Mu bihugu duhana imbibe harategekanywa guhanahana umuyagankubaMu migambi ya kazoza, ngo karategekanywa guhanahana umuyagankuba hagati y’ibihugu duhana imbibe. Ni no muri iyo ntumbero hari ibikorwa vyo kwubaka umuhora uzova i Kamanyola mu  buseruko bwa Repuburika iharanira demokarasi ya Kongo (R.DC)  gushika i Bujumbura, ibikorwa bikaba bikeneye imiriyoni 15 z’amahera  y’amanyaburaya. Hariho n’uwundi muhora uzova i Kigoma mu gihugu c’Urwanda ukazoshika i Gitega, uciye mu ntara ya Ngozi, ibikorwa bikazotwara imiriyoni 19 z’amafaranga y’amanyaburaya. Ku bijanye n’umuhora uzova ahariko hubakwa urugomero rwa Rusumo Falls, ngo ibikorwa biriko birabandanya, aho umuhora wari wategekanijwe wari ufise inzira imwe ariko ngo ibihugu dusangiye urwo rugomero bubatse imihora ifise inzira zibiri. Ibikorwa vyo kwubaka uwo muhora uzoshika i Gitega ngo bikazotwara imiriyoni 37,5 z’amadorari y’abanyamerika.Urugomero rwa Rusumo Falls ruzotanga amamegawati 80, Uburundi bukazoronka amamegawati 27. Ibikorwa ngo bigeze ku rugero rushimishije, aho muri kino gihe bariko bubaka ahazoba hari urugomero nyenzina hamwe n’umuhora uzotwara amazi, bimwe bita « tunnel », ubwo bushikiranganji bukaba bwaragize urugendo, ku wa 19 Mukakaro 2018 ahariko hubakwa urwo rugomero.Umugende w’amazi mu gisagara uriko urasanurwa kugira bagabanye amazi atakaraMu gisata c’amazi meza, ngo hariko harakorwa ibikorwa vyo gusanura imigende y’amazi yo mu gisagara ca Bujumbura kubera ko hari amazi menshi atakarira mu nzira, ayo nayo akaba ari hagati y’ibice 40 na 45%. Intumbero ngo ni uko ubwo buhombe bobugabanya gushika ku rugero rw’ibice 10 na 15%.

Amazi yahora atakara akazofasha kuriha ishirahamwe ririko rirakora ivyo bikorwa vyo gusanura iyo mihora y’amazi.Ingorane zihanze ubwo bushikiranganji, ngo zituruka ku buryo budakwiye, amategeko atajanye n’ibihe. Ikindi ngo ni uko hakenewe ibiharuro bokorerako haba mu gisata c’amazi n’umuyagankuba hamwe n’ubutare. Ivyo ngo vyofasha mw’irangurwa ry’imigambi y’igihugu. Mu migambi ya kazoza, barategekanya gusubiramwo gutunganya ishirahamwe REGIDESO, ivyo ngo vyofasha kurwanya ubunyonyezi bubera muri iryo shirahamwe hamwe no hanze yaryo,gutyo iryo shirahamwe rize riratunganiriza abanywanyi baryo mu mwanya muto. Muri ukwo gutunganya gushasha iryo shirahamwe, risabwa gutanga ibiharuro ry’ivyo bacuruza  ku muyagankuba hamwe n’amazi, gutyo hamenyekane urugero bamwe n’abandi bakoreshako uwo muyagankuba n’amazi. Vyongeye, ivyo biharuro ngo vyoheza bigafasha kumenya ibikenewe mu bisata vy’umuyagankuba n’amazi.Tubamenyeshe ko amakaritiye yo ku mpera z’igisagara agiye kuronswa umuyagankuba bifashijwemwo n’Ibanki y’isi yose.

Déo Misigaro 
                                                                                                

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

 

Ibiciro vy’igitoro vyaradugijwe ku rugero rw’amafaranga y’amarundi ari hagati y’100 n’150

 

IMG 2018Ku wa 8 Myandagaro 2018, Reta y’Uburundi ibicishije ku bushikiranganji bw’amasoko ntanganguvu, ubutare n’agataka yaradugije ibiciro vy’igitoro, aho iritiro y’igitoro co mubwoko bwa « essence » yavuye ku mafaranga 2250 ija ku mafaranga 2400, iritiro y’igitoro co mubwoko  bwa « mazout » yavuye ku mafaranga 2250 ija ku mafaranga 2350, igiciro c’iritiro y’ipeterori nticahindutse yagumye iri ku gicirio c’amafaranga 2000. Ivyo biri mw’itangazo ryashirijwe n’umushikiranganji w’amasoko ntanganguvu, ubutare n’agataka, Côme Manirakiza, inyuma y’aho Reta isubiyemwo ibiciro vy’igitoro mu Burundi.Ku wa 8 Myandagaro 2018, Reta y’Uburundi ibicishije ku bushikiranganji bw’amasoko ntanganguvu, ubutare n’agataka yaradugije ibiciro vy’igitoro, aho iritiro y’igitoro co mubwoko bwa « essence » yavuye ku mafaranga 2250 ija ku mafaranga 2400, iritiro y’igitoro co mubwoko  bwa « mazout » yavuye ku mafaranga 2250 ija ku mafaranga 2350, igiciro c’iritiro y’ipeterori nticahindutse yagumye iri ku gicirio c’amafaranga 2000. Ivyo biri mw’itangazo ryashirijwe n’umushikiranganji w’amasoko ntanganguvu, ubutare n’agataka, Côme Manirakiza, inyuma y’aho Reta isubiyemwo ibiciro vy’igitoro mu Burundi.Nk’uko umushikiranganji, Côme Manirakiza yabandanije abishikiriza, ngo iryo duzwa ry’ibiciro ryatumwe n’uko kw’isoko mpuzamakungu ibiciro vy’igitoro vyagumye biduga kuva ku wa 19 Nzero 2018, aho ivyo biciro vyaduze ku rugero rw’ibice 33% ku gitoro co mu bwoko bwa « essence » hamwe n’ibice 24% ku gitoro co mu bwoko bwa « mazout ».Vyongeye, ngo hisunzwe ibiciro vyo mu bihugu dusangiye imbibe, ibiciro vy’igitoro mu Burundi ngo biri hasi cane, aho ni mu gihe Uburundi busanzwe buri kure y’ikivuko c’i Dar Es Salam aho ivyo bitoro bisanzwe bishikira. Mu ntumbero y’uko ibiciro vy’igitoro bitobandanya biduga, Reta y’Uburundi iguma ikora utwigoro tudasanzwe mu gushiramwo uburyo bwayo. Iyo Reta y’Uburundi itabandanya ishiramwo uburyo bwayo, ngo iritiro y’igitoro co mu bwoko bwa «essence» iba igurwa amafaranga 2603, iritiro y’igitoro co mu bwoko bwa «mazout» nayo iba igurwa amafaranga y’amarundi 2530. Iyo ngingo ngo yafashwe mu ntumbero yo kurwanya ubukene bw’igitoro bwari butanguye kwibonekeza mu bibanza bitangirwamwo igitoro hamwe no gutuza abikika mu kiza mu kukiduza, aho bakigurisha mu bidumu «bidons». Umushikiranganji w’amasoko ntanganguvu yaboneyeho akaryo ko gusaba abajejwe umutekano gufasha mw’ishirwa mu ngiro ry’iyo ngingo.

Déo Misigaro

 

Abashinzwe amabanga ahambaye y’igihugu basabwa gufata ingingo bisunze amategeko

 

DSC02746Abakozi ba Reta bakuru bakuru n’abarongoye amakomine basabwa kwisunga ibwirizwa ryo kubungabunga amatungo ya Reta mu kutirukana abakozi badakurikije amategeko, gutanga amasoko ya Reta bakurikije amategeko abigenga gutyo bagafata ingingo babajije umutima kandi mu bwitonzi ntangere. Bomenya ko barenganije abanyagihugu canke abo batwara Reta izobishuza indishi izoba yahaye abo barenganije. Ivyo bikaba vyashikirijwe n’Icegera ca mbere c’Umukuru w’igihugu Gaston Sindimwo ku wa 8 Myandagaro 2018 igihe yugurura inama yo kurabira hamwe ukugene ibwirizwa risaba abakozi ba Reta batumye igira agahombo kubera ingingo zidakurikije amategeko bafashe basubiza amahera yatanze  y’indishi y’akababaro ku bakozi canke amashirahamwe aba yarenganijwe.Abakozi ba Reta bakuru bakuru n’abarongoye amakomine basabwa kwisunga ibwirizwa ryo kubungabunga amatungo ya Reta mu kutirukana abakozi badakurikije amategeko, gutanga amasoko ya Reta bakurikije amategeko abigenga gutyo bagafata ingingo babajije umutima kandi mu bwitonzi ntangere. Bomenya ko barenganije abanyagihugu canke abo batwara Reta izobishuza indishi izoba yahaye abo barenganije. Ivyo bikaba vyashikirijwe n’Icegera ca mbere c’Umukuru w’igihugu Gaston Sindimwo ku wa 8 Myandagaro 2018 igihe yugurura inama yo kurabira hamwe ukugene ibwirizwa risaba abakozi ba Reta batumye igira agahombo kubera ingingo zidakurikije amategeko bafashe basubiza amahera yatanze  y’indishi y’akababaro ku bakozi canke amashirahamwe aba yarenganijwe. 

Gaston Sindimwo yarongeye amenyesha ko abakozi Reta iba yashinze amabanga bokwikuramwo  ivyo bamwe bamwe biharaje vyo kuvuga ngo « Reta ntihomba ». Bisubiye ngo bosoma neza iryo bwirizwa kugira bamenye ko bafashe ingingo batisunze amategeko batuma Reta iriha amahera menshi. Abashinzwe amabanga ahambaye y’igihugu ngo bomenya ko bakoze amakosa Reta izobarihisha indishi izoba yahaye abo barenganije.Umuhuza w’abarundi Edouard Nduwimana nawe yamenyesheje ko iryo bwirizwa ryari ryatumye Reta igira umwizero ko itazosubira kuriha amahera y’umurengera kubera abo iba yashinze amabanga bagize amakosa y’akazi canke bononye amatungo y’igihugu. Yarongeye amenyesha ko urwego arongoye rwateguye iyo nama mu ntumbero yo gukebura abo Reta yashinze amabanga gukora bisunze amategeko kugira ntibatume igira agahombo mu kuriha indishi y’akababaro ku bakorewe amakosa. Ngo urwo rwego nyene  rwateguye iyo nama kandi kugira barabe ko iryo bwirizwa rifise agatosi gutyo basabe Reta kurihinyanyura riheze rigarukane wa mwizero Reta yari yarishizemwo. Aho Reta ngo ikaba iriha amahera menshi abanyagihugu baba bakorewe amakosa nko gukurwa mu kazi hatisunzwe amategeko y’akazi, abo bimye amasoko ya Reta kubera aka mwana wa mama, abatwawe amatongo badahawe umuzibukiro ukwiriye nk’uko bitegekanijwe n’amategeko, ababa basamburiwe inzu kandi bahawe ibibanza n’inzego za Reta canke ibibanza bitangwa kabiri ku canke karenga.

Yamenyesheje ko ibizova muri iyo nama bizotuma Reta, inzego zayo, abakozi bakurubakuru bayo, abarongoye amakomine n’ababaserukira bisuzuma  gutyo barabe ko wa mwizero wariho iryo bwirizwa rigishirwako umukono ukiriho. Iryo bwirizwa ryemejwe ku wa 7 mukaro 2014, Reta y’Uburundi yaragize isekeza ryo kurimenyekanisha kuva ku wa 30 Ruheshi 2016. Iryo bwirizwa ngo rimaze gushingwa ryari ikirwanisho co kugira abo Reta yashinze amabanga bagendere ubuntu kandi batunganirize bose ata nkunzi, abakozi ba Reta nabo bavyure agatima ko gukunda akazi bajejwe.Reta kandi ngo yashaka guhasha ingendo zose zitabereye zituma ikigega ca Reta gihomba amahera menshi. Urwego rw’umuhuza rero ngo rufise uruhara runini mu gukebura Reta n’inzego zayo gushira imbere intwaro ibereye haba muvyo intwaro, poritike, ubutunzi n’imibano mu ntumbero yo gukinga amatati ari naryo soko ry’iterambere ry’igihugu.Mu gutegura iyo nama kandi ngo urwo rwego rwipfuza ko abitavye iyo nama barabira hamwe ingingo zafashwe n’inzego za Reta zikurikije amategeko mu ntumbero yo kwubahiriza amateka y’abatwarwa. Hari kandi no kurabira hamwe ingingo zirenganya abanyagihugu zifatwa muvyo intwaro. Igitangaje rero  ngo ni uko gushika ubu bamwe mu bo Reta yashinze amabanga ahambaye baguma bafata ingingo zihushanye n’ineza y’igihugu n’abanyagihugu. Ngo biribonekeza kandi ko Reta imaze gutsindwa mu manza nyinshi ku buryo ica itanga indishi ku bakorewe amakosa.

 

Epitace Nduwayo

 

Ubushikiranganji bw’amagara y’abantu bwaratanguye gusigurira abanyagihugu ibimenyetso vy’idwara ya Ebola n’ukuntu boyirwanya

SD2018Kw’igenekerezo rya 6 Myandagaro 2018, ubushikiranganji bujejwe amagara y’abantu bufatikanije n’Ishirahamwe Mpuzamakungu rijejwe amagara y’abantu OMS bwaratanze ikiganiro ku bamenyeshamakuru kugira bumenyeshe aho indwara ya Ebola igeze. Umushikiranganji ajejwe amagara y’abantu, Thaddée Ndikumana yaramenyesheje ko hagiye gufatwa ingingo zikomeye zo gukinga indwara ya Ebola ku mipaka yose igihugu c’Uburundi  gihana n’ibihugu vyo muri aka karerere. Ngo kw’igenekerezo rya 1 Myandagaro 2018, umushikiranganji w’amagara y’abantu wa Repuburika  iharanira demokarasi ya Kongo (RDC)   yaramenyesheje ko indwara ya Ebola yateye mu karerere k’ubuvuzi ka Mabarako,  hagati y’intara zibiri, Kivu y’Uburarurko na Ituri. Ngo gushika kw’igenekerezo rya 4 Myandagaro 2018, hari hamaze gufatwa  abantu bashika 76, muri abo 16 nibo bari barwaye, 33 nabo bari bamaze kwitaba Imana. Ako karere karimwo indwara ya  Ebola kari ku birometero 400 uvuye mu Burundi mu gihe yaheruka gutera mu ntara ya Equateur iri ku birometero birenga 2000 uvuye mu Burundi. Umushikiranganji w’amagara y’abantu Ndikumana akaba yaramenyesheje ko ubushikiranganji arongoye  butegerezwa gufata ingingo zirengeye izo bwari bwarafashe ubwa mbere  kuko hasanzwe hari uruja n’uruza rw’abantu n’ibintu hagati y’Uburundi na RDC, mu  gusuzuma abantu binjira canke basohoka muri ibi bihugu uko ari bibiri.

Ngo kuva indwara ya Ebora itera mu ntara ya  Equateur (RDC), hari harashizweho umugambi waguye wo gukinga ico kiza, ku mipaka yose igihugu c’Uburundi gihana na RDC, harashizweho ibikoresho n’abaganga bapima ubushuhe.Ngo harashizweho ikigo mu Rukaramu aho uwiketsweko iyo ndwara yakirwa akongera akavurwa hisunzwe amategeko ya OMS.  Ngo ubushikiranganji bujejwe amagara y’abantu bwaratanguye gusigurira ibijanye n’indwara ya  Ebola kugira abanyagihugu bamenye ko indwara ya Ebola ihari, ukugene ifata n’ingene boyikingira. Ngo  haciye ibiganiro bitari bike ku maradiyo  kandi  bigiye kubandanya mu rurimi rw’ikirundi kugira umunyagihugu wese  amenye ingene yifata iyo yiketsweko indwara ya Ebola. Umushikiranganji ajejwe amagara y’abantu yarahumurije abanyagihugu bose ko imiti ya Ebola ihari kandi ko bokurikiza impanuro za muganga, hagize uwibonako ikimenyetso c’indwara iyo ariyo yose atoja kwa rumenyi canke ngo yivure mugabo yoja kwa muganga. Ngo abanyagihugu bogira isuku mu gukaraba amazi meza n’isabuni. Kw’igenekerezo rya 6 Myandagaro 2018, ubushikiranganji bujejwe amagara y’abantu bufatikanije n’Ishirahamwe Mpuzamakungu rijejwe amagara y’abantu OMS bwaratanze ikiganiro ku bamenyeshamakuru kugira bumenyeshe aho indwara ya Ebola igeze. Umushikiranganji ajejwe amagara y’abantu, Thaddée Ndikumana yaramenyesheje ko hagiye gufatwa ingingo zikomeye zo gukinga indwara ya Ebola ku mipaka yose igihugu c’Uburundi  gihana n’ibihugu vyo muri aka karerere. Ngo kw’igenekerezo rya 1 Myandagaro 2018, umushikiranganji w’amagara y’abantu wa Repuburika  iharanira demokarasi ya Kongo (RDC)   yaramenyesheje ko indwara ya Ebola yateye mu karerere k’ubuvuzi ka Mabarako,  hagati y’intara zibiri, Kivu y’Uburarurko na Ituri. Ngo gushika kw’igenekerezo rya 4 Myandagaro 2018, hari hamaze gufatwa  abantu bashika 76, muri abo 16 nibo bari barwaye, 33 nabo bari bamaze kwitaba Imana. Ako karere karimwo indwara ya  Ebola kari ku birometero 400 uvuye mu Burundi mu gihe yaheruka gutera mu ntara ya Equateur iri ku birometero birenga 2000 uvuye mu Burundi. Umushikiranganji w’amagara y’abantu Ndikumana akaba yaramenyesheje ko ubushikiranganji arongoye  butegerezwa gufata ingingo zirengeye izo bwari bwarafashe ubwa mbere  kuko hasanzwe hari uruja n’uruza rw’abantu n’ibintu hagati y’Uburundi na RDC, mu  gusuzuma abantu binjira canke basohoka muri ibi bihugu uko ari bibiri . Ngo kuva indwara ya Ebora itera mu ntara ya  Equateur (RDC), hari harashizweho umugambi waguye wo gukinga ico kiza, ku mipaka yose igihugu c’Uburundi gihana na RDC, harashizweho ibikoresho n’abaganga bapima ubushuhe.

Ngo harashizweho ikigo mu Rukaramu aho uwiketsweko iyo ndwara yakirwa akongera akavurwa hisunzwe amategeko ya OMS.  Ngo ubushikiranganji bujejwe amagara y’abantu bwaratanguye gusigurira ibijanye n’indwara ya  Ebola kugira abanyagihugu bamenye ko indwara ya Ebola ihari, ukugene ifata n’ingene boyikingira. Ngo  haciye ibiganiro bitari bike ku maradiyo  kandi  bigiye kubandanya mu rurimi rw’ikirundi kugira umunyagihugu wese  amenye ingene yifata iyo yiketsweko indwara ya Ebola. Umushikiranganji ajejwe amagara y’abantu yarahumurije abanyagihugu bose ko imiti ya Ebola ihari kandi ko bokurikiza impanuro za muganga, hagize uwibonako ikimenyetso c’indwara iyo ariyo yose atoja kwa rumenyi canke ngo yivure mugabo yoja kwa muganga. Ngo abanyagihugu bogira isuku mu gukaraba amazi meza n’isabuni. Ngo mu kubandanya imigenderanire myiza, abanyagihugu boza baramenyesha abatware bo hasi  umunyagihugu avuye mu bihugu bibanyi yabagendeye kugira abajejwe intwaro n’ubuvuzi bamusuzume mu ntumbero yo gukinga ico kiza ca Ebola.

Aline Kanyana

 

 

Amashirahamwe ya CEEAC na CEDEAO agiye kuza aratunganya inama uko umwaka utashe

 

DSC02613Amashirahamwe y’ubutunzi bw’ibihugu vyo muri Afrika yo hagati CEEAC hamwe n’ishirahamwe ry’ubutunzi bw’ibihugu vyo muri Afrika y’uburengero CEDEAO agiye kuza aragira inama uko umwaka utashe, aho iyo nama izohora iba igihe cose inama y’Ubumwe bwa Afrika ikoranye. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’Icegera ca mbere c’Umukuru w’igihugu, Gaston Sindimwo, ku muhingamo wo ku wa 5 Myandagaro 2018, aho yari aganutse avuye mu rugendo rwamushikanye i Lomé mu gihugu ca Togo, aho yagiye guserukira Umukuru w’igihugu mu nama rusangi y’ayo mashirahamwe uko ari 2 hamwe n’iyindi yabereye i Kampala mu gihugu c’Ubuganda.Amashirahamwe y’ubutunzi bw’ibihugu vyo muri Afrika yo hagati CEEAC hamwe n’ishirahamwe ry’ubutunzi bw’ibihugu vyo muri Afrika y’uburengero CEDEAO agiye kuza aragira inama uko umwaka utashe, aho iyo nama izohora iba igihe cose inama y’Ubumwe bwa Afrika ikoranye. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’Icegera ca mbere c’Umukuru w’igihugu, Gaston Sindimwo, ku muhingamo wo ku wa 5 Myandagaro 2018, aho yari aganutse avuye mu rugendo rwamushikanye i Lomé mu gihugu ca Togo, aho yagiye guserukira Umukuru w’igihugu mu nama rusangi y’ayo mashirahamwe uko ari 2 hamwe n’iyindi yabereye i Kampala mu gihugu c’Ubuganda.Nk’uko Icegera ca mbere c’Umukuru w’igihugu, Gaston Sindimwo yabandanije abishikiriza, ngo ibihugu bihurikiye mu mashirahamwe ya CEEAC na CEDEAO vyagize inama rusangi kugira birabire hamwe amahoro n’umutekano uko vyifashe muri ivyo bihugu. Icibonekeje muri iyo nama n’uko hari imirwi y’abagizi banabi cane cane bo mu murwi Bokoharam, aho hari abantu bava mu gihugu ca Libiya baza gutera umutekano muke muri ivyo bihugu. Mu ngingo zafashwe n’uko hagiye kuza haraba inama zayo mashirahamwe uko umwaka utashe, aho iyo nama izohora ikorana igihe cose inama y’ ishirahamwe ry’Ubumwe bwa Afrika izoba ikoranye.

Ariko rero, ngo hazohora haba inama yiharije ivyo bihugu vyonyene rimwe mu myaka 2, iya mbere ikazobera i N’djamena mu gihugu ca Tchad, aho bazobandanya kuraba uko amahoro yifashe. Muri iyo nama nyene, ngo bararabiye hamwe kandi uko ibintu vyifashe mu gihugu ca Congo, aho basanze urutonde rwo gutunganya amatora mu kwezi kwa Kigarama ruriko rurakurikizwa.Inyuma y’ibikorwa vy’iyo nama y’amashirahamwe abiri, Icegera ca mbere c’Umukuru w’igihugu, Gaston Sindimwo yaraserukiye Umukuru w’igihugu mu nama y’abakuru b’ibihugu yabareye i Kampala mu Buganda, aho barabiye hamwe amahoro n’umutekano na cane cane ko amahoro asumba ingwano. Muri iyo nama, abayitavye barafashe ingingo ko bogendera amahoro mu bihugu barongoye kuko ingwano isambura vyinshi n’abantu bakahahonera. Mu gusozera urugendo rwiwe mu gihugu c’Ubuganda, Icegera ca mbere c’Umukuru w’igihugu  yarakiriwe n’Umukuru w’igihugu c’Ubuganda, Yoweli Kaguta Museveni aho yamushikirije ubutumwa n’indamutso ya mugenzi we w’igihugu c’Uburundi. Kabaye n’akaryo ko kumushimira kubona igihugu c’Ubuganda cagumye gishigikira Uburundi, aho amahoro ari mu Burundi muri kino gihe, ico gihugu cabigizemwo uruhara. 

Déo Misigaro                                                                                         

 

Abahagarikiye ikibazo ca Reta gitanga uburenganzira bwo kuja muri kaminuza basabwe gukurikiza akarangamutima k’abarezi

 

DSC00523Ikibazo ca Reta c’umwaka w’ishure w’2017 ushira uw’2018  giha uburenganzira abanyeshure bahejeje amashure yisumbuye kuja muri Kaminuza carakozwe kuva  ku wa 7 gushika ku wa 10 Myandagaro 2018 kikaba cuguruwe n’Umushikiranganji w’indero n’ubuhinga  Janviere Ndirahisha kw’ishure ryisumbuye  « Lyceé Notre Dame de Rohero »  ari naho yatangarije ko mu gihugu cose hategekenijwe gukora ico kibazo abanyeshure bagera ibihumbi  64 mbere anasaba abashinzwe gucungera uko gikorwa gukurikiza akaranagamutima k’abarezi n’amategeko abagenga. Ikibazo ca Reta c’umwaka w’ishure w’2017 ushira uw’2018  giha uburenganzira abanyeshure bahejeje amashure yisumbuye kuja muri Kaminuza carakozwe kuva  ku wa 7 gushika ku wa 10 Myandagaro 2018 kikaba cuguruwe n’Umushikiranganji w’indero n’ubuhinga  Janviere Ndirahisha kw’ishure ryisumbuye  « Lyceé Notre Dame de Rohero »  ari naho yatangarije ko mu gihugu cose hategekenijwe gukora ico kibazo abanyeshure bagera ibihumbi  64 mbere anasaba abashinzwe gucungera uko gikorwa gukurikiza akaranagamutima k’abarezi n’amategeko abagenga. Mw’ijambo yashikirije rijanye n’ico kibazo, umushikiranganji  Janvière Ndirahisha yamenyesheje ko ikibazo catanguye inyuma y’isaha zibiri kubera ko abaherekeza ico kibazo cane cane abajejwe umutekano batabaye hafi .Naho biri uko ikibazo cakozwe neza hisunzwe amategeko.Hakaba hari abanyeshure baje batitunganije ariko kubera wari umunsi wa mbere barahawe ikigongwe barakora.Umushikiranganji yabandanije amenyesha ko bagiye kugerageza, bagashira mu ngiro icipfuzo c’umushikirangaji w’amashure kaminuza n’ubushakashatsi, Gaspard Banyankimbona asaba ko muri kaminuza hokwakirwa abakoze ikibazo ca Reta mu 2017 n’abagikoze uwu mwaka w’2018.Aremeza ko ari icipfuzo ciza kuko abanyeshure bamaze umwaka wose bicaye batariko bariga hari vyinshi bibashikira batavyipfuza.

Ndirahisha amenyesha ko bagiye kugerageza gukora ibishoboka vyose kugira bashikirize ibitigiri vy’abamenye hakiri kare ubushikiranganji bw’amashure ya kaminuza.Naho biri uko asaba abazokosora ico kibazo kwitonda kugira ntibihende kuko ngo iyo bihuse baca bashiramwo amakosa menshi.Ngo baze bafate umwanya ukwiye nk’uko basanzwe barabitegekanije.Abanyeshure nabo bazosanga abakosora bihenze  basabwa kwitura ababijejwe kugira barenganurwe hakiri kare kuko ico kiringo carategekanijwe n’ubushikiranganji.Ngo nk’uko abahanuzi bajejwe gutegura inyigisho z’ubuhinga babibonye ngo hari amashure amwe amwe yorohereza abanyeshure mu kubaha amanota menshi mw’ishure kuko itegeko rigenga kuja muri kaminuza ritanga uburenganzira bwo guteranya amanota yo mw’ishure n’ayo mu kibazo ca Reta (Exetat).Aha ayo mw’ishure bafata ibice mirongo itatu kw’ijana (30%) nayo mu kibazo ca Reta bagafata ayagera ibice 70%.Aho rero Umushikiranganji akaba yaremeje ko bamaze kubona ko amanota yo mw’ishure usanga adahuye n’ayo baronka mu kibazo ca Reta.Ayo manota rero yo mw’ishure ngo ntibazi ukugene abigisha bayatanga.Aboneraho guhanura abarezi ngo bame bibuka ko ari abavyeyi, ngo ntakamaro ko guha amanota umunyeshure utamuhaye ubumenyi. Abigisha nabo yabasavye kwigisha neza hanyuma bakabaza nk’uko amategeko abitegekanya kugira ntibazoronke abize benshi ataco bashoboye.Yabandanije ahumuriza abanyeshure ko bariko bararondera utwo tunenge twose baheze badushikirize Reta berekane ko hariho abagwa mu mporero,  mbere ni vyaba ngombwa bazogira kurya kwo mu gisata c’ubuganga babikoze, abanyeshure bakaza barasubira gukora ikindi kibazo bivanye n’igisata mu mashure atandukanye.Yarangije atera akamo abanyeshure kwama birinda kwiba no kwerekana kuko ikibazo gitangwa kugira abanyeshure bahiganwe narirya iyo baja mu makaminuza usanga ibibanza biharuye,mbere ngo bagiye gufata ingingo zibuza abanyeshure bigana gukorera hamwe,canke gukurikiranira hafi aho bamwe usanga abakurikirana bigana,bongere barabe ko ata mpapuro zizohava zizimira. Nayo umunyeshure azofatwa agerageza kwiba azoca ahagarikwa ntazobandanya akora ibindi bibazo bikurikira.Yarangije asaba abanyeshure gukoresha neza impapuro kuko zizimvye kuko ziva hanze y’igihugu.Kuri iryo shure «Lycée Notre  Dame de Rohero» hahuriye amashure 6, abanyeshure bahakoreye ico kibazo bose hamwe bakaba bagera 651, yaciye abandaniriza igikorwa ciwe kw’ishure ryisumbuye « Lycée du lac Tanganyika » hakoreye abanyeshure bagera 1764 bavuye ku mashure indwi. Mu nyuma yaho, yaciye agenda kw’ishure Kaminuza « Université Sagesse  d’Afrique » riri muri zone Kinindo, aho naho hakaba hakoreye abanyeshure 670 bavuye ku mashure indwi ariko abanyeshure bo kw’ishure ryitiriwe Nazareth bari bahitezwe bakaba atariho bari.Yarangirije urugendo rwiwe kw’iseminari ntoya yo mu Kanyosha  aho mu mashure 10 yategerezwa kuhakorera  hariho rimwe    rifise abanyeshure 73 ata n’umwe yatonze n’abandi 2 basanzwe biga aho nyene basivye bivuye ku ndwara. Hakaba hakoreye rero abanyeshure 482. Aho hose hariko hakorerwa ico kibazo nta ngorane nini zibonekeje kiretse  y’uko hari aho  catanguye gitevye bitumwe n’uko abagihagarikira n’abajejwe umutekano  bashitse batevye ariko vyose bikaba vyahavuye bija mu buryo, abanyeshure bari batonze batitunganije mu bijanye n’imishatsi baragiriwe ikigongwe ariko abasaba ko ku munsi ukurikira boba bisuganije nk’uko amategeko abibasaba. Aho hose umushikiranganji yaciye yarahanuye abanyeshure gukorana ico kibazo ubwitonzi bisunze amategeko kuko uwuzohirahira agafatwa ariko ariba  azoronka ubusa kandi  atazobandanya gukora ibibazo bizoba bisigaye. Yarongeye abamenyesha ko ata manota azosubira kongerwa bita « coptation » mu gifaransa, abemerera kandi ko bagiye guhagurukira indero ku buryo mu minsi iri imbere bazohava baraba amanota y’ikibazo ca Reta gusa kuko vyibonekeje ko hariho abanyeshure baronka ijana kw’ijana mw’ishure ariko  mu kibazo ca Reta bakaronka ubusa. Ngo nico gituma bagiye gukora  nko mu gisata c’ubuganga ku buryo  abigisha batosubira  kugwa mu mporero ataribo bafise amakosa.  

Josélyne Ndayegamiye

Nzosaba Ferdinand(Uwimenyereza)                                                                            

 
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