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Abazohiganirwa ikibanza c’Umukuru w’igihugu mu 2020 Mwari mubazi?

Ikinyamakuru UBUMWE kigiye kuja  kirabashikiriza umwidondoro n’ibiranga abakwije ibisabwa n’umugwi w’igihugu wigenga ujejwe gutunganya amatora (CENI) kugira bazohiganirwe ikibanza c’Umukuru w’igihugu mu matora yo ku wa 20 Rusama 2020. Abo bazohiganirwa ico kibanza bakaba ari 7. Uwa mbere akaba ari uwashizwe imbere n’umugambwe CNDD-FDD Jenerali Major Evariste Ndayishimiye, uwashizwe imbere n’umugambwe CNL Agathon Rwasa, uwashizwe imbere n’umugambwe UPRONA Gaston Sindimwo, uwashizwe imbere n’umugambwe Sahwanya FRODEBU Léonce Ngendakumana, Domitien Ndayizeye yashizwe imbere n’ururani Kira- Burundi. Kuri abo batanu hiyongerako abigenga babiri aribo Dieudonné Nahimana na Francis Rohero.Jenerari Major.

NEVEE Evariste Ndayishimiye (CNDD-FDD)
Jenerari Major Evariste Ndayishimiye azohiganirwa ikibanza c’umukuru w’igihugu yizewe n’umugambwe CNDD-FDD yabaye uwa mbere mu gutwara dosiye yiwe mu mugwi CENI. Evariste Ndayishimiye akaba yavukiye i Musama ku wa 5 Ndamukiza 1968 muri zone Kibimba, komine Giheta, intara ya Gitega; akaba afise akabira k’Uburundi. Yubakanye na Angeline Ndayubaha, bakaba bafise abana batandatu.Mu 2014 niho yaronka impamyabushobozi mu gisata c’amategeko muri kaminuza “Sagesse d’Afrique” akaba yari yahatanguye ivyigwa mu 2012. Mu kurangiza amashure ya kaminuza yakoze ubushakashatsi ku bijanye no “Kurwanya ukudahana mu bihe birangiza intambara: akarorero ku Burundi”. Kuva mu 1991 gushika mu 1995 yaronse urupapuro rurangiza imyaka ibiri mu gisata c’amategeko kuri kaminuza y’Uburundi. Mu mwaka w’1990-1991 niho yaronka urupapuro rw’umutsindo rw’amashure yisumbuye kw’ishure ryisumbuye ry’i Muramvya. Kuva mu 1984 gushika mu 1990 yize amashure yisumbuye kuri Athénée y’i Bujumbura akaba rero yarangirije kuri Lycée Muramvya (1990-1991) nk’uko twabivuze hejuru ; kuva mu mwaka w’1976 gushika mu 1984 yize amashure y’intango kw’ishure ryo mu Kibimba ari naho yayarangirije.
Amaze gushingwa amabanga atandukanye  no kurangura ibintu bitari bike mu kazi
Mu 2016 niho yizerwa n’abagumyabanga bakamutora ngo abe umunyamabanga mukuru w’umugambwe CNDD-FDD gushika ubu akaba ariwe akijejwe ayo mabanga. Mu 2015 gushika ubu niwe arongoye urwego nshingwantwaro rwa kaminuza y’ubuhinga y’i Gitega. Kuva mu 2015 gushika mu 2016 yari umuyobozi mwishikira mu biro vy’Umukuru w’igihugu. Kuva mu 2014 gushika 2015 yari umuyobozi mukuru w’ishirahamwe SOBUGEA. Kuva mu 2009 gushika mu 2014 yari arongoye urwego nshingwantwaro rw’ibitaro vy’abasirikare vyo mu Kamenge (HMK).Kuva mu 2006 gushika mu 2007, yari umushikiranganji w’intwaro hagati mu gihugu n’umutekano w’igihugu.Kuva mu  2004 gushika mu 2006 yatwara ibiro bikuru vya gisirikare bijejwe ibikoresho. Kuva mu 2003 gushika mu 2004 yari mu mugwi ujejwe ishirwa mu ngiro ry’amasezerano yo guhagarika intambara burundu. Mu mwaka w’2001 ushira uw’2003 yari umukuru w’umugwi w’abakunda igihugu mu muhari warwana CNDD-FDD.Kuva mu 1997 gushika mu 2000 yari umuvugizi w’uburongozi bukuru bw’ingabo no gutegeka amakambi yaremesha indwano y’umuhari CNDD-FDD. Evariste Ndayishimiye niwe yagize iciyumviro co gushinga ikigega c’igihugu co guteza imbere amakomine (FONIC). Evariste Ndayishimiye arafise ubuhinga bwo gutunganya ibiganiro hagati y’impande zifitaniye amatati mu ntumbero yo kuzitorera inyishu. Yararongoye umugwi w’umuhari CNDD-FDD mu biganiro vyahuje uwo muhari na Reta vyashitse ku masezerano yo guhagarika intambara burundu ku wa 16 Munyonyo 2003. 
Yarashoboye kwitabira inama zitandukanye arongera araronka ubushimwe n’uburusho
Evariste Ndayishimiye yarashoboye kwitabira inama yabereye mu gisagara ca  Caux mu gihugu c’Ubuswise yo gutatura amatati yatunganijwe n’ishirahamwe «Initiative et Changement». Yaritabiriye inama yo kwigisha ibijanye no gutatura amatati, iyo nama ikaba yari yatunganijwe n’ishirahamwe ‘Woodrov Wilson International Center of Scholars’. Yararongoye intumwa za Reta mu biganiro vy’amahoro n’umuhari PALIPEHUTU-FNL. Yatanguye poritike akiri mu mashure yisumbuye kuko mu myaka y’1989 n’1990 yari umukuru w’umugwi ujejwe imibano n’ubutunzi mu muhari w’urwaruka JRR ukukira umugambwe UPRONA kuri Athénée y’i Bujumbura. Kuva mu 1994 gushika mu 2003 yari mu muhari CNDD-FDD. Kuva mu  1991 gushika mu 1995 yari arongoye ishirahamwe ry’abanyeshure bo muri paruwasi Murayi (ASSEMU). Mu mwaka w’2005 ushira uw’2006 yari icegera c’Umukuru wa komite y’igihugu ijejwe inkino (CNO). Kuva mu 2008 gushika mu 2016 naho yari umukuru w’iyo komite. Yararonse kandi amasertifika n’uburusho butandukanye.Jenerali major Evariste Ndayishimiye arakoresha neza ubuhinga bwa none bwo mu biro. Aravuga arongera arandika neza indimi zine: Ikirundi, Igiswahiri, Igifaransa n’Icongereza. Mu bindi yaranguye mu muhari CNDD-FDD ni ugutunganya ikimenyetso c’umugambwe CNDD-FDD kirimwo inkona. Yararongoye intumwa za Reta mu biganiro vyayihuza n’umuhari PALIPEHUTU-FNL vyashitse ku masezerano yo guhagarika intambara ku wa 7 Nyakanga 2006).

GASRGaston Sindimwo 
Gaston Sindimwo niwe yashizwe imbere n’umugambwe w’abadasigana UPRONA ngo yitoze mu kibanza c’Umukuru w’igihugu muri uyu  mwaka w’2020. Yavukiye muri zone Nyakabiga, komine Mukaza mu Gisagara ca Bujumbura ku wa 28 Munyonyo 1965. Arubatse akaba afise abana babiri kandi ni umurundi. Gaston Sindimwo afise « Master » mu gisata c’imigenderanire no gufashanya n’ayandi makungu, akaba yarironkeye muri kaminuza yigisha gutunganya imigambi (EDESDM) y’i Paris mu Bufaransa mu 2019. Yaronse « baccalauréat » mu gisata c’imigenderanire no gufashanya n’ayandi makungu kuri kaminuza ya « Saint Lawrence University » y’i Kampala mu Buganda mu mwaka w’2015. Yararonse kandi « Certificat)  urupapuro rwemeza ko yanonosoye ibijanye no gutunganya amashirahamwe muri ISCO mu vyirwa vyo ku mugoroba kuri kaminuza y’Uburundi mu mwaka w’1998. Yararonse n’urundi rupapuro rwo gutunganya no gukurikirana ibikorwa vya poritike kuri kaminuza yigisha ibijanye n’intwaro kuri kaminuza y’i Paris mu Bufaransa mu mwaka w’2011. Yaronse urupapuro rw’umutsindo rw’amashure yisumbuye y’ubuhinga yo kuri ETSA y’i Gitega mu mwaka w’1989. Yarangije umwaka w’icumi kuri Koleji  yo mu Kivoga mu mwaka w’1986. Yatoye ikibazo ca Reta kirangiza amashure y’intango kw’ishure « Saint Michel » y’i Bujumbura mu mwaka w’1981. 
Yarashinzwe n’amabanga ahambaye y’igihugu
Kuva ku wa 20 Myandagaro 2015 gushika ubu ni Icegera ca mbere c’Umukuru w’igihugu. Kuva mu mwaka w’2010 gushika mu 2015 yari icegera c’umuyobozi mwishikira mu biro vy’Icegera ca mbere c’Umukuru w’igihugu. Kuva mu mwaka w’2013 gushika mu 2015 yari arongoye urwego nshingwantwaro muri Posita y’Uburundi. Kuva mu mwaka w’2009 gushika mu  2010 yari umunyamabanga nshingwabikorwa w’umugambwe UPRONA ajejwe ivya poritike. Kuva mu mwaka w’2000 gushika mu 2009 yari arongoye ishirahamwe “TIME-Service”. Kuva mu mwaka w’1998 gushika mu 2000 yari umunyabigega mw’ishirahamwe “International Medical Corps (IMC). Kuva mu mwaka w’1990 gushika mu mwaka w’1998 niwe yacapa ibitabu mu ruganda rukora ibitabu “Les Presses de l’Unité”.  Yarokoze n’ibindi bijanye n’inkino hamwe n’ibikorwa vy’umugambwe UPRONA
Kuva mu mwaka w’2019 yari arongoye umugwi w’umupira w’amaguru “Inter Star”. Kuva mu mwaka w’2015 ari mu nama ya komine Mukaza. Mu 2015 yari arongoye umugwi ujejwe inyiyamamazo y’umugambwe UPRONA mu matora yo mu mwaka yo muri uyo mwaka nyene. Kuva muri Myandagaro 2016 gushika ubu ni umukuru urwego rukuru  rujejwe imigabo n’imigambi y’umugambwe UPRONA. Mu mwaka w’2012 yari muri komite y’igihugu mu gutegura umunsi mukuru w’aho Uburundi bwahimbaza imyaka 50 bumaze bwikukiye. Mu mwaka w’2010 yari umuyobozi w’umugwi wategura amatora yo mu mwaka w’2010 ku rwego rw’umugambwe UPRONA. Kuva mu mwaka w’1978 gushika mu 1981 yari arongoye badiridiri abapiyoniye mu gisagara ca Bujumbura.
Yaragize n’ibindi vyigwa biciye mu gukarisha ubwege
Mu mwaka w’1981 yarize ivyo gukunda igihugu muri URSS. Mu mwaka w’2013 yize icongereza mu kigo “William’s Academy”. Muri 2012 yize ibijanye no gutatura amatati mu nyigisho zatangwa n’ishirahamwe “Initiative et Changement”. Mu mwaka w’2012 yaritabiye inama yo guhanahana ivyiyumviro ku bijanye no gutunganya ukundi gusha ibijanye n’intwaro. Gaston Sindimwo aravuga kandi arandika neza ikirundi, igifaransa,igiswahiri n’icongereza.
Epitace Nduwayo

 

Ababa mu Burundi bategetswe kwikingira umugera wa Coronavirus mu gukwirikiza amabwirizwa y’isuku

MINOKwirinda kuramukanya hakoreshejwe amaboko, gusomana canke kugwana mu nda, gutunganya aho abantu bakarabira ku bitaro ku buzi ku bibuga vy’umupira n’ahandi hahurira abantu benshi ni zimwe mu ngingo zasohowe  n’ubushikiranganji bw’amagara y’abantu kugira abantu bikingire ca kiza  c’umugera wa Coronavirus nk’uko vyashikirijwe n’uwurongoye ubwo bushikiranganji Thadée Ndikumana mw’itangazo yashize ahabona mu kiganiro yahaye abamenyeshamakuru kw’igenekerezo rya 16 Ntwarante 2020.Umushikiranganji Thadée Ndikumana   yarashikirije rero ingingo 6 ngenderwako kugira Abarundi bashobore kwikingira ikiza ca Coronavirus:

1. Kuva kw’igenekerezo rya 17 Ntwarante 2020, ingenzi zose hamwe n’abarundi bavuye mu bihugu vy’Ubwongereza, Reta zunze ubumwe za Amerika na Osatraliya, bongewe ku bategerezwa kumara iminsi 14 basuzumwa mu kibanza categekanirijwe ico gikorwa.

2. Ubushikiranganji bw’amagara y’abantu busubiye gusaba bushimitse ko ingenzi n’abarundi binjiye mu gihugu baciye ku kibuga c’indege mpuzamakungu ca Bujumbura citiriwe Melchior Ndadaye canke ku mipaka yose yinjira mu gihugu baba abaciye mu mabarabara canke mu biyaga, bokworohereza abakozi b’ubushikiranganji bujejwe kubasuzuma.

3. Kuva habonetse uwurwaye ikiza ca Coronavirus mu gihugu c’Urwanda, twarakiriye ku w’Imana igenekerezo rya 15 Ntwarante 2020 abantu binjiye mu gihugu c’Uburundi bangana n’261. Abo bantu bavuye mu Rwanda bagizwe n’abanyeshure bo mu mashure y’isumbuye 75, abo muri Kaminuza 24, abantu bakuze harimwo abavyeyi bari bavuye gutora abana 132, abahungutse 10 n’abanyamahanga 20. Abo bantu bose rero barapimwe kandi nta kimenyetso na kimwe ca coronavirus basanze bafise. Nico gituma ingingo yafashwe ari kubakurikiranira mu mihana iwabo canke mu bibanza vyatowe vyo kubacumbikira.

4. Ubushikiranganji bwo kubungabunga amagara y’abantu no kurwanya Sida, busaba abanyagihugu ko bogabanya ingendo mu bihugu birimwo abamaze gufatwa n’ikiza ca Coronavirus.

5. Ubushikiranganji bwo kubungabunga amagara y’abantu burasubiye guhumuriza abarundi kuko gushika kw’igenekerezo rya 17 Ntwarante 2020 ata muntu n’umwe arinjira mu gihugu arwaye ikiza ca Coronavirus.

6. Ubushikiranganji busavye bushimitse gukurikiza amabwirizwa y’isuku mu kwitaho gukaraba n’amazi meza n’isabune igihe cose, gutegekanya amazi n’isabune ku mavuriro ibitaro, n’ahandi hahurira abantu benshi (amashure, ibibuga vy’inkino, ibiro, amasengero,amahoteri, uburiro,n’ubunywero, amasoko). Ivyo bizofasha kugira abagendera muri ivyo bibanza bashobore kugira isuku. Muri kino gihe vyofasha gukinga kugira ico kiza nticinjire mu gihugu, busaba ko umugenzo wo kuramukanya abantu bakorana mu minwe canke barwana mu nda woba urahagaritswe.                      

Joselyne Ndayegamiye

 

Abamenyeshamakuru biyemeje gushira imbere amategeko agenga umwuga wabo cane cane mu bihe vy’amatora yo mu 2020

LASIKu magenekerezo ya 16 na 17 Ntwarante 2020 mu ntara ya Muramvya, ubushikiranganji bwo kumenyesha amakuru bwaratunganije umwiherero ku barongoye abandi mu bimenyeshamakuru hamwe n’abamenyeshamakuru kugira birimbure uko bakoze mu  matora yo mu 2005, 2010, 2015 hamwe n’itora ry’Ibwirizwa Shingiro ryo 2018. Uwo mwiherero wuguruwe n’umushikiranganji wo kumenyesha amakuru n’ibimenyeshamakuru  Frédéric Nahimana,  aho mw’ijambo ryiwe  yamenyesheje ko intumbero y’iyo nama ari kugira birimbure bongere bitegurire neza amatora yo mu 2020,  mbere  utunenge twibonekeje mu matora yo mu myaka iheze  ntituje dusubire kwibonkeza. Yasavye  abamenyeshamakuru gushiraho icuka ciza imbere y’amatora kugira abenegihugu  bamenye ibiriko birakorerwa mu gihugu  ata bihuha bihabaye. Yabandanije asaba abamenyeshamakuru gutahura imvugo zikoreshwa n’abanyeporitike gutyo  bazitahuze abanyagihugu.  Imbere yaho umunyamabanga wa buramatari w’intara ya Muramvya Silas Niragira yari yabanje guha ikaze abari aho, abamenyesha ko amahoro n’umutekano bisasagaye muri iyo ntara.Umwunganirizi w’umushikiranganji  wo kumenyesha amakuru, Thierry Kitamoya mu nyigisho yatanze, yaramenyesheje ko amatora yo mu 2005 ari aya mbere yabaye abamenyeshamakuru bari mu runani.

Mu nyuma ayandi yagiye araba vyagiye biragenda uko nyene arico gituma vyoroshe kumenya ibitagenze neza hanyuma abamenyeshamakuru bakikosora. Yaciye atanga tumwe mu turorero tw’ibitagenze neza muri ayo matora, akavuga nk’abamenyeshamakuru bashika ku rubuga amasaha ageze kure,  abantu bagatangura gutora abamenyeshamakuru batarashika, abandi ntibaje iyo babarungitse ahubwo bagatangira amakuru mu mahoteri canke mu birabo, hari n’abandi bataha amatora atarahera hamwe n’abandi baca bazimya amaterefone yabo. Abo bose ngo baraheza bagatanga amakuru atariyo kuko baba batishikiye aho igikorwa nyezina kiriko kirabera.Jacques Bukuru ari mu batanze inyigisho,  yasavye abamenyeshamakuru guha ijambo abarongoye amashirahamwe ataho yegamiye  na cane cane abaharanira amahoro, abaharanira agateka ka zina muntu n’abandi  kuko nabo usanga hari ivyo baterera. Yabasavye kandi kuja hamwe mu bihe vy’amatora kuko vyoroha kudoma urutoke kuri uwo wese ariko aronona umwuga wo kumenyesha amakuru, canke bikoroha kuvugira uwuriko arahohoterwa ariko ararangura uwo mwuga. Igihe abamenyeshamakuru bagiye hamwe,  yabasavye gutanga amakuru yatanzwe n’ababifitiye uburenganzira kuko ariho baba batanze amakuru yizewe,  aha akavuga nko mw’ikomine bagatanga amakuru yatanzwe n’uwurongoye umugwi ujejwe gutegura amatora CECI.  Nestor Bankumunzi arongoye urwego rujejwe kugenzura uko ibinyamakuru bikora CNC yamenyesheje ko mu nama zizokurikira hotunganywa izizoba ziraba uko ibimenyeshamakuru biriko birakora, gutyo aho basanze hari ikitakozwe neza bakebure abo vyega.  Yaciye asaba amaradiyo yose kuzokorera hamwe mu bihe vy’amatora. Mu gusozera iyo nama  umushikiranganji yarashimiye abayitavye bose kuko bagiye baravugisha ukuri ku vyabagoye, ikindi ni uko bagiye  bemeranije gukorera mu runani,  kwirinda kurwa mu makosa yagiye aragaragara, abagiye barayakora nabo ntibasubire kurungikwa mu bihe nk’ivyo vy’amatora.   

Ladislas Manirakiza

 

Abarundi basabwa kurutisha ururimi kavukire indimi mvamakungu

KAMIUrurimi kavukire ni itunga ku gihugu, ni rwo turonkeramwo ubumenyi bwambere bukikije ubuzima bwacu kuva tukiri bato. Ku bw’ivyo, imbere y’ukwigana imico mvamakungu, abarundi barakwiye gutangura kumenya imico kavukire bakayikunda kandi bakayikundisha abandi. Ni muri iyontumbero basabwe kurutisha ururimi rw’ikirundi indimi mvamakungu vyashikirijwe n’umushikiranganji w’inyigisho za kaminuza n’ubushakashatsi Gaspard Banyankimbona mu birori vyo guhimbaza umusi mpuzamakungu wahariwe ururimi kavukire wama uhimbazwa ku wa 21 Ruhuhuma uko umwaka utashe. Hano mu Burundi, uwo musi wahimbajwe kw’igenekerezo rya 17 Ntwarante 2020 mu gihe hari harangiye indwi yahariwe ururimi rw’ikirundi. Ivyo birori vyabereye mu kigo ca kaminuza co ku Mutanga bitewe iteka naba nyacubahiro batandukanye harimwo n’abahinga banonosoye ivy’indimi. Kubwa Banyankimbona, hisunzwe abahinga banonosoye ivy’indimi bo muri Kaminuza y’Uburundi, ni kaminuza y’urumuri rumurikira abarundi bose mu gushigikira akaranga kuko ifise uruhara runini mu bikorwa vyo guteza imbere ururimi rw’ikirundi mu mvugo, mu nyandiko no mu tugenegene. Banyankimbona yamenyesheje ko abarundi basanzwe bafise akaranga bahurirako ari nako bishimikije.

Uyo munsi rero wabaye akaryo ko gusuzuma aho ururimi kavukire  rugeze mu gutezwa imbere kugirango iteka abarundi bafise ntiritosekare. Abahinga banonosoye ivy’indimi baratanze inyigisho zerekeye akamaro ko kugumya ururimi kavukire baranigisha ibirugeramiye. Barashimikiye ahanini ko ururimi rw’ikirundi rutozimangana kuko kuva kuri basogokuru na basogokuruza nirwo rwamye ari intimatima y’itunga ry’igihugu kuko nirwo runyuramwo inyigisho z’ubumenyi, indero, ingeso nziza, agateka ka zina  muntu n’ubuhinga. Ku vyerekeye ibigeramiye ururimi rw’ikirundi, ahanini ni ukwiganza kw’indimi mvamakungu na cane cane indimi z’ibihugu bitunze. Abo bahinga rero batumirira abarundi bose kugira uruhara mu kugumya imico , imigenzo n’akaranga k’Uburundi bwaho hambere. Basavye kandi ubushikiranganji bw’indero,ikigo c’igihugu kijejwe guteza imbere ugusoma ibitabo no kunagura imico n’akaranga CEBULAC n’ubushikiranganji bw’imico kama, akaranga n’inkino,kurwiza inyigisho mu rwaruka zijanye n’imico n’Imigenzo y’abarundi mbere harwizwe udutabu two kumenyereza abana batobato gusoma ikirundi mu gihe hasigaye hibonekeza abarundi boroherwa gusoma n’ukwandika ururimi mvamakungu gusumba ururimi kavukire rw’ikirundi, ari naho imico n’akaranga bikomeza kuzimangana gutyo abarundi bakibagira ko uwutaye akaranga aba ataye akabanga.

Donathe Ndayisenga

(Uwimenyereza)

 

Abadandaza barenga 80 baraciwe amahadabu kubera batubahiriza ibiciro vy’isukari n’isima

COOAbadandaza barenga 80 bo mu makomine ya Muha na Ntahangwa baraciwe amahadabu kubera ukutubahiriza ibiciro bizwi n’amategeko ku bidandazwa vy’isukari n’isima. Ukwo gucibwa amahadabu, ngo kwatumye amafaranga arenga imiriyoni 10 z’amafaranga y’amarundi zinjira mu kigega ca Reta. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’umuyobozi mukuru ajejwe ubudandaji, Chrisologue Mutwa, ku wa 19 Ntwarante 2020, hari mu kiganiro yahaye abamenyeshamakuru, aho yari aramutse amenyesha  Abarundi aho bagejeje igikorwa co kwubahiriza ibiciro bizwi n’amategeko, inyuma y’aho umushikiranganji w’ubudandaji agabishije abo bose batubahiriza ibiciro ko ingingo  ziberekeye zigiye gufatwa.Nk’uko umuyobozi mukuru w’ubudandaji, Chrisologue Mutwa yabandanije abishikiriza, ngo muri ino minsi hariho abadandaza bari bihaye uburenganzira bwo kuduza ibiciro uko bashaka na cane cane ku bidandazwa vy’isukari isima hamwe n’ibinyobwa vy’ishirahamwe Brarudi. Ni muri iyo ntumbero ubushiiranganji bw’ubudandaji, amahunguriro n’ingenzi bwafashe ingingo yo guhasha abo badandaza bihaye ingendo yo kutubahiriza ibiciro vyashinzwe n’amashirahamwe ahingura ivyo bidandazwa. 

Mu kiringo c’indwi abakozi bw’ubwo bushikiranganji bariko barakora, ngo abadandaza barenga 80 baramaze gucibwa amahadabu. Abo baciwe ayo mahadabu, ngo baciye basubira ku biciro bizwi n’amategeko, aho ni mu gihe umufuko w’ibiro 50 w’isima ya Buceco wari ugeze ku bihumbi birenga 30, uwo mufuko nyene uno munsi ngo uriko ugurishwa amafaranga y’amarundi 24500. Muri ico gikorwa co kwubahiriza ibiciro vy’isima, ngo abadandaza bakuru bakuru 8, baraciwe amahadabu y’ibihumbi 500 kuri umwe wese hamwe n’abadandaza bato bato 15, aho umwe wese yacibwa ihadabu ry’amafaranga ibihumbi 100.Ku bijanye n’ikidandazwa c’isukari, ngo ishirahamwe rihingura isukari SOSUMO, kuva muri Nzero umwaka w’2019, ngo ntiryigeze rigabanya isukari ritanga kubadandaza baranguriyaro, aho ryabandanije ritanga amatoni ari hagati y’2500 n’2700, ku kwezi ku kwezi. Ubwo bukene bw’isukari ngo ntibusiguritse, aho bwaterwa n’abadandaza bakeneye inyungu y’umurengera. Kuva igikorwa co guhasha iyo ngendo yo kwidugiriza ibiciro gitanguye, ngo abadandaza bakuru bakuru b’isukari 5, baraciwe ihadabu ry’ibihumbi 500, kuri umwe umwe. Haruhande yabo badandaza bakuru bakuru, ngo na bamwe b’amaduka mato mato badandaza isukari ku giciro kirenze amafaranga 2400 ku kiro, bashika 50 baraciwe ihadabu ry’amafaranga ibihumbi 50 umwe wese, abo hagati na hagati baciwe ihadabu ry’ibihumbi 100.
Inyuma yo gucibwa amahadabu, abadandaza baguma bakurikiranwa n’abakozi b’ubushikiranganji
N’aho abo baciwe amahadabu basigaye bubahiriza ibiciro, ngo ubushikiranganji bw’ubudandaji bubamizako ijisho, aho abakozi b’ubwo bushikiranganji bakora kuva ku wa mbere gushika ku wa gatandatu kugira ntibahave bagira ingendo yo kugaruza amafaranga batanzeko ihadabu. Muri ico gikorwa, umuyobozi mukuru w’ubudandaji arashima uko bakorana n’inzego z’umutekano kubera ko aho bagiye kwugarira abatubahiriza ibiciro, babaherekeza. Umuyobozi mukuru w’ubudandaji yaboneyeho akaryo ko kugabisha abandaza b’ibinyobwa vy’ishirahamwe Brarudi ko nabo nyene batisubiyeko ingingo zikomeye zigiye gufatwa. Ishirahamwe Brarudi ngo ntiryigeze riduza ibiciro, aho ifanta igurishwa amafaranga 700, ikinyobwa ca Amstel naco ari amafaranga 1800. Ku bijanye n’isima, ngo uno munsi ibiciro birubahirizwa. Igikorwa kigiye kubandanya kugira igiciro c’isukari cabuhirizwe c’2400 ku kiro.Ku kidandazwa c’isukari, ngo abakozi b’ubushikiranganji bw’ubudandaji barashikira mu bubiko bw’ishirahamwe SOSUMO, bagakurikirana abadandaza bakuru bakuru n’isukari baronse n’iyo bayijanye. Kuri ico kidandazwa nyene ngo hari ingendo yari isigaye yibonekeza aho hagati y’abadandaza bakuru hari abo bita abakomisiyoneri, abo nabo nibo bafasha kuranga ahari isukari, ibiciro ugasanga biri hagati y’130 000 n’135 000 ku mufuko w’ibiro 50, aho ni mu gihe SOSUMO yoyo itegekanya ko uwo mufuko wogurishwa amafaranga 114 000. Hariho n’abandi badandaza binjira muri SOSUMO kurangurayo isukari, ariko bagaca bayidandaza ku kiro, gutyo abadandaza bato bato bagaca bayibura, abo bafashwe ngo barariha ihadabu, ku kwezi gukurikira bagaca bakurwa ku rutonde rw’abadandaza barangurira isukari muri iryo shirahamwe.Tubamenyeshe koi co gikorwa kigiye kubandanya no mu zindi ntara zo mu gihugu hagati, mu ntumbero yo kwubahiriza ibiciro vyashinzwe n’amategeko.

Déo Misigaro

 

Reta yarahagaritse vy’agateganyo gutanga ama “visa” ku banyamahanga bashaka kwinjira mu Burundi kubera ikiza ca Coronavirus

LPRReta y’Uburundi yarafashe ingingo yo guhagarika vy’agateganyo gutanga urupapuro rutanga uburenganzira bwo kuba mu gihugu “visa” ku banyamahanga binjira mu Burundi. Ivyo vyashikirijwe n’umushikiranganji ajejwe imigenderanire y’Uburundi n’amakungu, Ezéchiel Nibigira ari kumwe n’umushikiranganji w’amagara y’abantu, Thadée Ndikumana, mu nama bagiranye n’abaserukira ibihugu vyabo mu Burundi hamwe n’abaserukira amashirahamwe mpuzamakungu atandukanye, ku wa 19 Ntwarante 2020, aho yamenyesheje ko iyo ngingo yafashwe mu ntumbero yo gukinga ko ikiza Coronavirus cinjira mu gihugu.  Nk’uko yabandanije abimenyesha, ngo mu Burundi nta muntu numwe araboneka afise umugera wa Coronavirus.

Ati biramaze kuboneka ko mu bihugu bihana imbibe n’Uburundi hariho abamaze kwandura iyo ndwara, ari naco gituma bafashe iyo ngingo yo kudatanga amaviza ku binjira mu gihugu. Ngo ingingo zitari zike rero zarafashwe mu Burundi, nk’izijanye n’ukugira isuku, gushira ukwabo abaje bavuye mu bihugu bitandukanye. Yaramenyesheje kandi ko n’izindi ngingo zizobandanya zifatwa mu ntumbero yo gukingira Abarundi n’abanyamahanga baba mu Burundi. Ezéchiel Nibigira yaramenyesheje ko guhagarika gutanga ama”visa” ari ivyagateganyo gushika hafatwe iyindi ngingo. Ngo ntisigura ko ari ukwugara imbibe z’Uburundi ariko ko ari ugukinga ko uwo mugera wibonekeza mu Burundi. Abarundi nabo baje bava mu bihugu vyatewe n’iyo ndwara bakaba bashirwa ukwabo.Umushikiranganji w’amagara y’abantu n’ukurwanya SIDA, Thadée Ndikumana, nawe akaba yamenyesheje ko kurwanya ico kiza mu Burundi biri imice 2. Ngo baramaze gutegura imirwi y’abantu ihangana n’ibiza vyadutse. Ibikoresho bikaba vyarabonetse biguzwe mu buryo bwa Reta y’Uburundi n’ubw’abayifasha. Yarashimiye igihugu c’Ubushinwa n’ibindi bihugu nka Reta zunze ubumwe za Amerika kuko bifasha mu kuronsa Uburundi ibikoresho. Nk’uko babikoze mu kurwanya indwara ya Ebola, ngo bagiye kubikomeza na cane cane ku kibuga c’indege mpuzamakungu ca Bujumbura n’ahandi abanyamahanga binjirira nko ku Ruhwa, Gasenyi-Nemba  na Kobero kuko hinjirira abantu benshi. Akaba yarangije amenyesha ko bagiye kuja hamwe n’ababafasha haba mu bijanye n’ubuhinga n’uburyo mu ntumbero yo kurwanya bivuye inyuma ikiza iki na kiriya.      

Gloriose Nshimirimana

 
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