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Ibihugu vy’Uburundi na Misiri bigiye gufashanya mu gisata c’imico n’akaranga

DSC ccc0036Umushikiranganji w’urwaruka inkino n’imico kama,  Jean Bosco Hitimana yarifatanije n’ubuserukizi bw’igihugu ca Misiri  mu Burundi  mu birori vyo kwugurura igisata c’ireresi yo mu gihugu ca Misiri, aho basomera ibitabu vyerekana imico n’imigenzo vy’ico gihugu, hari kw’igenekerezo rya 26 Gitugutu 2017 mu biro aho uwuserukira ico gihugu asanzwe arangurira imirimo.Umushikiranganji w’urwaruka inkino n’imico kama,  Jean Bosco Hitimana yarifatanije n’ubuserukizi bw’igihugu ca Misiri  mu Burundi  mu birori vyo kwugurura igisata c’ireresi yo mu gihugu ca Misiri, aho basomera ibitabu vyerekana imico n’imigenzo vy’ico gihugu, hari kw’igenekerezo rya 26 Gitugutu 2017 mu biro aho uwuserukira ico gihugu asanzwe arangurira imirimo.Umushikiranganji Jean Bosco Hitimana mw’ijambo ryiwe yabanje gushima imigenderanire iri hagati y’igihugu c’Uburundi na Misiri ku vyerekeye urwaruka na cane cane kuruteza imbere, mu gihe ibice vy’urwaruka 60 kw’ijana batagira akazi, bigatuma urwo rwaruka  ruhurumbira ibisagara, rugata iyo rwavukiye mbere ngo haragera n’aho ruhunga igihugu rukaja mu mahanga rujanywe n’ukurondera akazi kandi urwo rwaruka rwari mu myaka yo gukora. Yabandanije amenyesha ko urwaruka ariko rugize igice kinini c’abantu baravye uko ibitigiri bibandanya vyongerekana.

Rero ngo imigambi y’iterambere iza ifasha urwaruka ngo ni kirumara ku gihugu kuko ngo biri no muvyo igihugu c’Uburundi cashize imbere mu migambi yaco yo gushika mu 2025. Hitimana yasozereye ijambo amenyesha  ko n’aho haza iterambere mu vyerekeye ireresi ko urwaruka rwobijamwo ariko rugakomeza imico kama yamye iranga abarundi kuva kera narindi . Uwurongoye urwego rw’igihugu rujejwe gutanga amakuru CNC, Karenga Ramadhan yamenyesheje ko urwego arongoye rutera intege cane abariko baja mu mwuga wo gukora ireresi kandi ngo bokwigira ku mareresi y’igihugu ca Misiri, kuko abanyamisiri bafise ubumenyi bukwiye mu mareresi akoze neza. Rero ngo igihugu ca Misiri kiriko kirafasha mu vyerekeye imico kama kuko iradiyo nkuru y’igihugu ca Misiri yashize igikumu ku masezerano yo gufashanya n’iradiyo y’imico kama yo mu Burundi ngo hari n’iyindi migambi yo mu karere yo gukarihiriza ubwenge urwaruka kugira barutere intege mu gukora amareresi bisanzwe bikorana n’ico gihugu. Ikindi ngo ni uko igihugu ca Misiri gifasha Uburundi kibicishije mw’ishengero rya Orthodoxe aho barungika abaganga b’abahinga mu bisata bitandukanye vy’ubuvuzi n’ubu ngo bakaba bazoza mu ntango z’ukwezi kwa Kigarama, bakaba bazohamara ukwezi kwose. Ngo barongera bagafashanya mu guhanahana ibidandazwa, mu guteza imbere imico n’akaranga kuko ngo n’amareresi ari mu bigize imico n’akaranga. Ubwo buserukizi buratumirira  urwaruka kuja kuraba amareresi azokwerekanwa mu kigo c’urwaruka co mu Kamenge aho bategekanije kwerekana amareresi yo mu gihugu ca Misiri kugira nabo babone uko boyakora.

Anitha Bizimana 

(Uwimenyereza)                                                                                                            

 

 

Petero NKURUNZIZA arashimira abarongoye amakomine n’intara bashoboye gutsimbataza amahoro n’umutekano

nattttttUmukuru w’igihugu, Petero NKURUNZIZA yarakeje aranashimira  abarongoye amakomine yose y’igihugu n’intara zose  kubera bashoboye gutsimbataza amahoro n’umutekano aho baramutwa hose. Ivyo yabishikirije mu nama yagiranye nabo ku wa 31 Gitugutu 2017 muri komine Mabayi intara ya Cibitoke nk’uko twabishikirijwe n’icegera c’umuvugizi w’umukuru w’igihugu, Alain Diomède Nzeyimana inyuma y’iyo nama. Ngo muri ico gihe nyene ngo   Prezida  NKURUNZIZA yaboneyeho akaryo ko kwifatanya na ba musitanteri bose na ba buramatari kugira ngo bibuke musitanteri wa komine Kirundo aherutse kwitaba Imana ahitanywe n’isaganya ry’imodoka.Umukuru w’igihugu, Petero NKURUNZIZA yarakeje aranashimira  abarongoye amakomine yose y’igihugu n’intara zose  kubera bashoboye gutsimbataza amahoro n’umutekano aho baramutwa hose.

Ivyo yabishikirije mu nama yagiranye nabo ku wa 31 Gitugutu 2017 muri komine Mabayi intara ya Cibitoke nk’uko twabishikirijwe n’icegera c’umuvugizi w’umukuru w’igihugu, Alain Diomède Nzeyimana inyuma y’iyo nama. Ngo muri ico gihe nyene ngo   Prezida  NKURUNZIZA yaboneyeho akaryo ko kwifatanya na ba musitanteri bose na ba buramatari kugira ngo bibuke musitanteri wa komine Kirundo aherutse kwitaba Imana ahitanywe n’isaganya ry’imodoka.Nk’uko Alain Diomède Nzeyimana yabandanije  abishikiriza, ngo Umukuru w’igihugu, yarasavye ko abarongoye abandi nka baburamatari gushishikara babungabunga amahoro n’umutekano mu ntara barongoye na cane cane muri kino gihe igihugu kigiye kwitegurira amatora yo mu 2020. Ikindi yasavye ba buramatari ngo ni uko bokwama bahimiriza abenegihugu kubungabunga ibidukikije. Ngo igihugu kiri mu rugamba rukomeye rwo kurwanya ubukene ari na co gituma hagiye kuzoshirwaho umugambi wo gufashanya mu turere kugira ngo bamwe basegerereza mu mabarabara canke bamwe usanga batunzwe no kudandaza imibiri yabo bashobore gufashirizwa aho bavuka.

Ngo Prezida  NKURUNZIZA yarasavye kandi ko baburamatari boshishikara kurwanya imiriro ya nyakanga kugira ngo bashishikare gukingira ibidukikije. Aha ngo yarabakeje kuko muri iyo ntumbero bakoze ibitari bike kuko iyo « miriro ya nyakanga » yagabanutse.Ngo Umukuru w’igihugu yarakeje kandi mu buryo bw’umwihariko abarongoye intara za Cibitoke na Makamba ngo  kuko muri izo ntara huguruwe ivyaranguwe vyinshi. Umushikiranganji w’intwaro yo hagati mu gihugu n’inyigisho zo gukundisha abarundi igihugu, Pascal Barandagiye ngo yarakeje cane abarongoye intara kuko bitanga batiziganya mu kubumbatira amahoro n’umutekano mu gihugu , mbere aca yerekana ko mu vyakozwe harimwo ukurwanya bimwe biboneka abanywa inzoga zitemewe n’amategeko hakaba haranateguwe ingingo zikomeye mu gitabu mpanavyaha zizohasha abanywa ibiyayuramutwe. Ngo iyo nama yakozwe mbere mu kanyamuneza kuko yakozwe mu gihe ikawa y’Uburundi yari yatahukanye intsinzi mu kuronka amanota meza yerekana ko ifise akanovera mu makungu.Buramatari w’intara ya Cibitoke, Iteriteka Joseph mw’ijambo ry’ikaze yashikirije Umukuru w’igihugu n’abo bagendanye bose na baburamatari bari bitavye iyo nama, yaramenyesheje  ko amahoro n’umutekano vyifashe neza cane mu ntara arongoye hanyuma  agaruka ku bikorwa vy’iterambere biriko birangurwa muri iyo ntara. Ivyo na vyo bikaba birangwa n’iyubakwa ry’amashure, amavuriro n’izindi nyubakwa zitandukanye.
Nathan Ntahondi

 

 

Umuhora wo gutwara abantu n’ibintu wo hagati ugiye gutezwa imbere

DSCdea 0042Umuhora wo gutwara abantu n’ibintu wo hagati uciye mu gihugu ca Tanzaniya gushika i Kigoma ngo ugiye gutezwa imbere, aho ibanki y’isi yose yemeye gutanga imiriyoni 500 z’amadorari y’abanyamerika mu ntumbero yo kworosha ugutwara abantu n’ibintu mu bihugu bisangiye uwo muhora. Muri uwo mugambi, iyo banki izotanga n’imiriyoni 100 z’amadorari y’abanyamerika yo gukingira ico kiyaga Tanganyika kubera arico gifasha kwunguruza abantu n’ibidandazwa bivuye ku bivuko vy’i Kigoma, Mpulungu, Kalemi hamwe n’i Kalundu .Amafaranga akoreshwa mu kwunguruza ibidandazwa azoshobora kugabanuka ku rugero rw’ibice 30% ugereranije n’ibidandazwa bizananye mu muhora w’amabarabara. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’umushikiranganji wo gutwara abantu n’ibintu n’ibikorwa vya Reta, Jean Bosco Ntunzwenimana, ku wa 2 Munyonyo 2017, aho yari ahejeje kwugurura inama y’iminsi ibiri yo gushikiriza imigambi igiye kurangurwa mu bihugu bisangiye uwo muhora hamwe n’ikiyaga Tanganyika igiye gushigikirwa n’ibanki y’isi yose.Navyo bikaba ari :

Uburundi, Tanzaniya Zambiya na Kongo iharanira demokarasi (RDC). Nk’uko umushikiranganji  Jean Bosco Ntunzwenimana yabandanije abishikiriza, ngo muri iyo nama y’iminsi ibiri, Uburundi bwiteze ko imigambi nyamukuru bwatunganije mu gisata co gutwara abantu n’ibintu biciye mu kiyaga Tanganyika hamwe no kugikingira izoshigikirwa n’Ibanki y’isi. Iyo migambi ngo ikaba yoshigikirwa biciye kuri ya madorari imiriyoni 500 yo gushigikira umuhora wo hagati hamwe n’ayandi imiriyoni 100 zo gukingira ikiyaga Tanganyika agabanganijwe ku bihugu bisangiye ico kiyaga uko ari bine.Umuhora wo gutwara abantu n’ibintu wo hagati uciye mu gihugu ca Tanzaniya gushika i Kigoma ngo ugiye gutezwa imbere, aho ibanki y’isi yose yemeye gutanga imiriyoni 500 z’amadorari y’abanyamerika mu ntumbero yo kworosha ugutwara abantu n’ibintu mu bihugu bisangiye uwo muhora. Muri uwo mugambi, iyo banki izotanga n’imiriyoni 100 z’amadorari y’abanyamerika yo gukingira ico kiyaga Tanganyika kubera arico gifasha kwunguruza abantu n’ibidandazwa bivuye ku bivuko vy’i Kigoma, Mpulungu, Kalemi hamwe n’i Kalundu .Amafaranga akoreshwa mu kwunguruza ibidandazwa azoshobora kugabanuka ku rugero rw’ibice 30% ugereranije n’ibidandazwa bizananye mu muhora w’amabarabara. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’umushikiranganji wo gutwara abantu n’ibintu n’ibikorwa vya Reta, Jean Bosco Ntunzwenimana, ku wa 2 Munyonyo 2017, aho yari ahejeje kwugurura inama y’iminsi ibiri yo gushikiriza imigambi igiye kurangurwa mu bihugu bisangiye uwo muhora hamwe n’ikiyaga Tanganyika igiye gushigikirwa n’ibanki y’isi yose.Navyo bikaba ari : Uburundi, Tanzaniya Zambiya na Kongo iharanira demokarasi (RDC). Nk’uko umushikiranganji  Jean Bosco Ntunzwenimana yabandanije abishikiriza, ngo muri iyo nama y’iminsi ibiri, Uburundi bwiteze ko imigambi nyamukuru bwatunganije mu gisata co gutwara abantu n’ibintu biciye mu kiyaga Tanganyika hamwe no kugikingira izoshigikirwa n’Ibanki y’isi.

Iyo migambi ngo ikaba yoshigikirwa biciye kuri ya madorari imiriyoni 500 yo gushigikira umuhora wo hagati hamwe n’ayandi imiriyoni 100 zo gukingira ikiyaga Tanganyika agabanganijwe ku bihugu bisangiye ico kiyaga uko ari bine.Ku bw’umushikiranganji wo gutwara abantu n’ibintu, ngo ivyankenerwa nk’ibivuko, ubwato n’ibindi bidatejwe imbere, uwo muhora wo hagati « corridor central », ngo ntushobora gutera imbere mu kwunguruza abantu n’ibintu biciye mu kiyaga Tanganyika. Umushikiranganji wo gutwara abantu n’ibintu yaboneyeho gushima ingingo y’igihugu ca Tanzaniya cemeye kugabanya amadorari 2,5 ku bidandazwa, ico ngo ni ikimenyetso cerekana ko inguvu ziriko zirashirwa hamwe kugira ibidandazwa bishike mu Burundi ku mafaranga makeya. Ikiyaga Tanganyika ku Burundi, ni umuhora ubushikana ku bivuko vya Kigoma(Tanzaniya), Kalemi (RDC), Mpulungu (Zambiya) n’i Kalundu (RDC). Mu mwaka w’2025 ngo ibidandazwa bica mu kiyaga Tanganyika bizokwiyongeraMu mwaka w’2016, ibidandazwa biza mu Burundi vyaciye ku bivuko vy’i Dar Es Salaam hamwe n’ikivuko c’i Mpulungu, ngo ni amatoni 303026. Muri ivyo, ibidandazwa biciye ku kivuko c’i Mpulungu bizanana umuhora wo hagati, ni ukuvuga mu kiyaga Tanganyika. Ku vyigwa vyakozwe, ngo mu mwaka w’2025, ku kivuko c’i Mpulungu hazozanana amatoni 500 000 y’ibidandazwa. Vyongeye, ngo inyuma y’aho ibarabara ry’indarayi rihuza ibivuko vy’i Dar Es Salaam na Kigoma rinaguriwe, biteze ko ibidandazwa biza mu bihugu vyo mu karere k’ibiyaga binini bigiye kuza biraca mu kiyaga Tanganyika. Bisubiye, ngo hagati y’imyaka y’2005 n’umwaka w’2006, ngo uwo muhora warahurumbirwa kubera ko igiciro co kuzana ibidandazwa mu Burundi cari ku rugero rw’ibice 30%. Mu ntumbero yo kworosha uruja n’uruza mu muhora wo hagati, ngo ibihugu bisangiye uwo muhora biripfuza guteza imbere inyubako zijanye n’ibivuko, amabarabara y’indarayi, amabarabara yandi hamwe n’ibibuga vy’indege kugira duhanahane n’ibihugu vyo mu  karere ibidandazwa vyoroshe. Iyo nama  rero ngo n’akaryo ko  kugira ibihugu bitange imigambi nyamukuru ishobora kuja mu ngiro vuba. Ku ruhande rw’Uburundi, ngo ni ikivuko c’i Bujumbura, ibikorwa bikazoshigikirwa n’igihugu c’Ubuyapani biciye mu mugambi JICA, aho bazokwubaka n’uruganda rwo gukora ubwato. Ibanki ya Afrika ijejwe iterambere BAD nayo ikaba yarakoze ivyigwa ku bivuko vy’i Bujumbura hamwe n’i Mpulungu, ubu ibikorwa vyo kubinagura bigashobora gutangura. Ibindi bivuko bitegekanijwe kunagurwa, ngo ni ikivuko co mu Rumonge, aho ivyigwa biriko birategurwa kugira bitangure, ivyo vyigwa bikaba bishigikiwe n’Ibanki y’isi yose hamwe n’ikivuko c’i Kabonga. Aho kuri ico kivuko ngo ivyigwa vyaramaze gutangura bifashwe mu mugongo na BAD, iyo ni imwe mu migambi itegekanijwe hamwe no gukingira ikiyaga Tanganyika. Tubamenyeshe ko iyo nama ihuza ibihugu bisangiye umuhora wo hagati hamwe n’ikiyaga Tanganyika yatunganijwe ku magenekerezo ya 2 na 3 Munyonyo 2017. Umunyamabanga nshingwabikorwa mu mugambi ujejwe umuhora wo hagati, Dieudonné Dukundane agasaba abitavye iyo nama ko ivyashitsweko muri iyo nama bitoherera mu bubati, ahubwo bikurikiranwe kugira bifashe abanyagihugu bo muri ivyo bihugu.            

Déo Misigaro                                                                                              

 

 

Reta iritwararitse ishirwaho ry’itegeko mpanavyaha rishasha rijanye n’ibihe tugezemwo

kanya3333naReta y’Uburundi iritwararitse ishirwaho ry’itegeko mpanavyaha rishasha rijanye n’ibihe tugezemwo kuko hari nk’amakosa abantu bakora bibaza ko atari ivyaha nk’ugufata nabi ibitungwa ,nk’ugukoresha abana mu gusegerereza n’ibindi. Reta y’Uburundi iritwararitse ishirwaho ry’itegeko mpanavyaha rishasha rijanye n’ibihe tugezemwo kuko hari nk’amakosa abantu bakora bibaza ko atari ivyaha nk’ugufata nabi ibitungwa ,nk’ugukoresha abana mu gusegerereza n’ibindi.Ni muri iyo ntumbero,  ku wa 30 Gitugutu 2017, umushikiranganji w’ubutungane,  Aimée Laurentine Kanyana yari aramutse asigurira Inama Nshingamateka imvo n’imvano y’integuro y’itegeko mpanavyaha inoro 1/05 ryo ku wa 22 Ndamukiza 2009 kugira baheze bayihweze mu mpinyanyuro zaryo zofasha kugira rirorane n’ibihe tugezemwo. Umushikiranganji Aimée Laurentine Kanyana akaba yaramenyesheje ko bashimye guhinyanyura  ingingo zimwe zimwe zigenga itegeko mpanavyaha  mbere bakagira n’izo bongeyemwo  kuko hariho ibintu abantu bakora badafata nk’ivyaha.

Yaciye ahera kw’itegeko rigenga ibitungwa ritahahora kuko abantu batabona ko hari icaha cokorerwa igitungwa. Ngo nko gufata ibitungwa  ukabiboha uko ariko kose ukabipakira uko ushatse ku buryo bitaronka isaganirizo, bikagenda birabira kubera ububabare canke nk’umuntu iyo ibitungwa vyamwoneye imirima agaca abijana mu nzu akavyugarana bikamara indwi yose bitariye.Ngo ivyo  vyose birahanwa n’amategeko kuko si vyo biba vyakoze ikosa ahubwo ni uwategerezwa kubiraba kugira ntihagire ico vyonona . Umushikranganji w’ubutungane akaba yavuze ko uwutazoba ashoboye kubigaburira iyo minsi yose yavyugaranye azobirekera nyenevyo hanyuma amwitwarire atabanje gushira mu bihano ivyo bitungwa.Irindi tegeko  ngo ni irijanye n’abantu basegerereza ku mabarabara . Aho umushikiranganji Aimé Laurentine Kanyana akaba yaramenyesheje ko abasegerereza n’abakoresha abandi mu gusegerereza bazohanishwa ibihano bikomeye mbere harimwo n’umunyororo. Kuri iryo tegeko rigenga abasegerereza ku mabarabara,  umukuru w’inama nshingamateka, Pascal Nyabenda yaciye asaba abajejwe ico kibazo kwiga ahubwo igituma abo bantu bahitamwo kuja gusegerereza mu mabarabara. Aca atanga akarorero k’abana bafise abavyeyi bari igito baja gusegerereza kubera birukanywe n’abavyeyi babo ati none hazoheza hahanwe umwana canke umuvyeyi.  Aca asaba ko batoshira imbere kuyora abantu baja kurunda mu gasho ahubwo bazorabe imvo zatumye umwe wese aja mw’ibarabara bakaraba kandi n’igituma abasegerereza bagenda bongerekerana.                                              Josélyne Ndayegamiye

 

 

Abashingamateka bo mu Burundi bariko bitegurira inkino zizobahuza na bagenzi babo bo mu muryango wa EAC

DSC vvvvcf0037Kw’igenekerezo rya 2 Munyonyo 2017, umukuru w’Inama Nshingamateka y’Uburundi  Pascal Nyabenda yarakiriye mu biro iwe uwuserukira ishirahamwe rihurikiyemwo amabanki akorera mu Burundi, Bukuru Audace amushikaniye intererano  y’amahera y’amarundi agera ku miriyoni 30  mu ntumbero yo gushigikira abakinyi b’abashingamateka mu nkino bariko baritegurira zizobahuza  na bagenzi babo bo mu bihugu bigize  ishirahamwe rya Afrika y’ubuseruko zizoba mu kwezi kwa kigarama i Arusha mu gihugu ca Tanzaniya.

Ivyo vyamenyeshejwe na Alexis Badian Ndayihimbaze avugira Inama Nshingamateka, inyuma y’uwo mubonano.Kw’igenekerezo rya 2 Munyonyo 2017, umukuru w’Inama Nshingamateka y’Uburundi  Pascal Nyabenda yarakiriye mu biro iwe uwuserukira ishirahamwe rihurikiyemwo amabanki akorera mu Burundi, Bukuru Audace amushikaniye intererano  y’amahera y’amarundi agera ku miriyoni 30  mu ntumbero yo gushigikira abakinyi b’abashingamateka mu nkino bariko baritegurira zizobahuza  na bagenzi babo bo mu bihugu bigize  ishirahamwe rya Afrika y’ubuseruko zizoba mu kwezi kwa kigarama i Arusha mu gihugu ca Tanzaniya.Ivyo vyamenyeshejwe na Alexis Badian Ndayihimbaze avugira Inama Nshingamateka, inyuma y’uwo mubonano. Yamenyesheje ko ayo ma banki yitavye akamo yatewe n’umukuru w’Inama Nshingamateka mu nama bagiranye bakagirako bakanabimwemerera .Ayo mahiganwa rero ngo si ivyigangeso ngo yari asanzwe aba mu kwezi kwa Kigarama ariko igenekerezo ntabanduka ntiriramenyekana  kuko babanje kurindira ko amatora yo mu gihugu ca Kenya arangira .Ngo ariko n’aho biri uko azotegerezwa kuba kuko n’ikimenya menya hari umushingamateka w’umurundi  yagiye mu nteguro y’ayo.Inama Nshingamateka ngo ikaba ishimira iryo shirahamwe ry ‘amabanki kuri iyo ntererano ngo ni akaryo keza kuri bo ko kuzomenyana na bagenzi babo, bakaganira utuntu n’utundi kandi bikerekana ko hari imigenderanire myiza muri ivyo bihigu.                            Josélyne Ndayegamiye

 

 

ARFIC : Igisata c’ikawa kiriko kiratunganywa neza kugira abagihurikiyemwo bose bashobore kuhatorera akayoko

DSC 2xcez052Ngo ikawa y’Uburundi yarabaye iya mbere idandajwe  icamunara mu gisagara ca Boston  muri Reta zunze ubumwe za Amerika. Ivyo vyavuzwe n’umuyobozi mukuru w’igisata kijejwe kugenzura igisata c’ikawa ARFIC, Jean de Dieu Mutabazi mu kiganiro yahaye ikinyamakuru UBUMWE. Ngo ikawa yabaye iya mbere ni iyarimwe mu Kayanza nayo ikiro kikaba caguzwe amadorari 115, ikawa yabaye iya kabiri yaguzwe  amadorari 114 ku kiro. Ngo sibwo bwa mbere ikawa y’Uburundi ibaye iya mbere kuko mu mwaka w’2014, ikawa yarimwe mu Kayanza yarabaye iya mbere ica igurwa  amadorari 130 ku kiro. Ngo ishirahamwe karuhariwe mu guhonja ikawa no kuyiha amanota ACE ryaratororokanije ubwoko 23 bw’ikawa bwa mbere akaba arizo zadandazwa neza.  Ngo ikawa itabaye iya mbere igurwa  amadorari ari hagati  ya 4 n’ 5 ku kiro.  Mutabazi yamenyesheje ko  mu gihe ikawa iryoshe cane iguzwe ku giciro ciza, akarusho karatinda kagashikira umunyagihugu yayirimye. Yabandanije amenyesha ko mu mwaka w’2010, Reta yasa n’iyakuye akarenge mu gisata c’ikawa, muri ico gihe harabaye ubuhombe bunini cane ku murimyi w’ikawa kubera abarwizatunga bashoye ikawa mu mahanga ntibariha abarimyi canke bakabariha haciye igihe kinini.

Ngo ivyo vyaratumye abarimyi b’ikawa badebukirwa. Ngo kuva mu mwaka w’2015, harafashwe ingingo ko kizira kikaziririzwa yuko haba umurwizatunga aheranira umurimyi w’ikawa, ko uwuzohirahira akabirengako azovanwa mu gisata c’ikawa. Ngo ku mashirahamwe 84 adandaza ikawa akayihingura, ishirahamwe rimwe niryo ritubahirije amasezerano yo kuriha abarimyi b’ikawa. Ngo kubera ikawa y’iryo shirahamwe yarafashwe iriko iradandazwa icamunara kugira abarimyi b’ikawa bashobore kurihwa. Ngo Reta ibicishije ku bushikiranganji bw’ikigenga ca Reta yarashoboye kwegera Ibanki y’Isi yose irayisaba imfashanyo ica ironka amadorari angana 72 000 000 kugira igisata c’ikawa gishobore kunagurwa. Ngo ubwo burusho buzotuma igiterwa c’ikawa gisubira kwijukirwa. Mutabazi yamenyesheje ko kubera ko kuva igihe Reta yashira mu minwe y’abikorera utwabo igisata c’ikawa vyabonetse ko habaye ubusuma bw’amadorari atinjira mu gihugu. Yabandanije asigura ko kugira ubwo busuma bw’amahera y’agaciro buhagarare,  hafashwe ingingo y’uko abarwizatunga bose badandaza ikawa bategerezwa kugurura amakonte yabo mw’ibanki nkuru y’igihugu (BRB) hanyuma badandaje ikawa mu mahanga amahera y’agaciro agaheza agashikira muri BRB nayo igaheza ikabavunjira ikabaha mu marundi biciye mu makonte yabo ari mu mabanki y’ubudandaji . Ngo Reta igifise igisata c’ikawa mu minwe hariho ikigega gifasha abadandaza ikawa citwa Fonds de Stabilisation mu rurimi rw’igifaransa. Ngo nk’iyo  ibiciro vyagenze nabi hari amafaranga avuye muri ico kigega yaca aza gusahiriza ico gisata c’ikawa.  Mutabazi yaramenyesheje ko bariko bararaba ukungene ico kigega cosubiraho. Ngo ikawa y’Uburundi yarabaye iya mbere idandajwe  icamunara mu gisagara ca Boston  muri Reta zunze ubumwe za Amerika. Ivyo vyavuzwe n’umuyobozi mukuru w’igisata kijejwe kugenzura igisata c’ikawa ARFIC, Jean de Dieu Mutabazi mu kiganiro yahaye ikinyamakuru UBUMWE. Ngo ikawa yabaye iya mbere ni iyarimwe mu Kayanza nayo ikiro kikaba caguzwe amadorari 115, ikawa yabaye iya kabiri yaguzwe  amadorari 114 ku kiro.

Ngo sibwo bwa mbere ikawa y’Uburundi ibaye iya mbere kuko mu mwaka w’2014, ikawa yarimwe mu Kayanza yarabaye iya mbere ica igurwa  amadorari 130 ku kiro. Ngo ishirahamwe karuhariwe mu guhonja ikawa no kuyiha amanota ACE ryaratororokanije ubwoko 23 bw’ikawa bwa mbere akaba arizo zadandazwa neza.  Ngo ikawa itabaye iya mbere igurwa  amadorari ari hagati  ya 4 n’ 5 ku kiro.  Mutabazi yamenyesheje ko  mu gihe ikawa iryoshe cane iguzwe ku giciro ciza, akarusho karatinda kagashikira umunyagihugu yayirimye. Yabandanije amenyesha ko mu mwaka w’2010, Reta yasa n’iyakuye akarenge mu gisata c’ikawa, muri ico gihe harabaye ubuhombe bunini cane ku murimyi w’ikawa kubera abarwizatunga bashoye ikawa mu mahanga ntibariha abarimyi canke bakabariha haciye igihe kinini. Ngo ivyo vyaratumye abarimyi b’ikawa badebukirwa. Ngo kuva mu mwaka w’2015, harafashwe ingingo ko kizira kikaziririzwa yuko haba umurwizatunga aheranira umurimyi w’ikawa, ko uwuzohirahira akabirengako azovanwa mu gisata c’ikawa. Ngo ku mashirahamwe 84 adandaza ikawa akayihingura, ishirahamwe rimwe niryo ritubahirije amasezerano yo kuriha abarimyi b’ikawa. Ngo kubera ikawa y’iryo shirahamwe yarafashwe iriko iradandazwa icamunara kugira abarimyi b’ikawa bashobore kurihwa. Ngo Reta ibicishije ku bushikiranganji bw’ikigenga ca Reta yarashoboye kwegera Ibanki y’Isi yose irayisaba imfashanyo ica ironka amadorari angana 72 000 000 kugira igisata c’ikawa gishobore kunagurwa. Ngo ubwo burusho buzotuma igiterwa c’ikawa gisubira kwijukirwa. Mutabazi yamenyesheje ko kubera ko kuva igihe Reta yashira mu minwe y’abikorera utwabo igisata c’ikawa vyabonetse ko habaye ubusuma bw’amadorari atinjira mu gihugu. Yabandanije asigura ko kugira ubwo busuma bw’amahera y’agaciro buhagarare,  hafashwe ingingo y’uko abarwizatunga bose badandaza ikawa bategerezwa kugurura amakonte yabo mw’ibanki nkuru y’igihugu (BRB) hanyuma badandaje ikawa mu mahanga amahera y’agaciro agaheza agashikira muri BRB nayo igaheza ikabavunjira ikabaha mu marundi biciye mu makonte yabo ari mu mabanki y’ubudandaji . Ngo Reta igifise igisata c’ikawa mu minwe hariho ikigega gifasha abadandaza ikawa citwa Fonds de Stabilisation mu rurimi rw’igifaransa. Ngo nk’iyo  ibiciro vyagenze nabi hari amafaranga avuye muri ico kigega yaca aza gusahiriza ico gisata c’ikawa.  Mutabazi yaramenyesheje ko bariko bararaba ukungene ico kigega cosubiraho.

 Aline Kanyana

 

 
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