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Abarundi bose basabwa kwitegurira guhangana n’ibiza bishobora guterwa n’imvura y’agatasi

IMG 20180921 WA0002Kw’igenekerezo rya 13 Gitugutu, uko umwaka utashe ibihugu vyose vyo kw’isi n’Uburundi burimwo vyama bihimbaza umunsi mpuzamakungu wahariwe ibiza. Ni muri iyo ntumbero ikinyamakuru UBUMWE caganiriye n’umuyobozi mukuru w’igisata kijejwe gukinga impanuka ziterwa n’ibiza no gutabara abashikiwe n’ivyo vyago, Antoine  Ntemako  kugira atange insiguro y’uwo munsi n’ico abarundi bawuzeyeko.Kw’igenekerezo rya 13 Gitugutu, uko umwaka utashe ibihugu vyose vyo kw’isi n’Uburundi burimwo vyama bihimbaza umunsi mpuzamakungu wahariwe ibiza. Ni muri iyo ntumbero ikinyamakuru UBUMWE caganiriye n’umuyobozi mukuru w’igisata kijejwe gukinga impanuka ziterwa n’ibiza no gutabara abashikiwe n’ivyo vyago, Antoine  Ntemako  kugira atange insiguro y’uwo munsi n’ico abarundi bawuzeyeko.Yamenyesheje rero ko uwo munsi mpuzamakungu Uburundi butosigara inyuma mu kuwuhimbaza ariko ngo ukaba wahuriranye n’umunsi abarundi bibuka igandagurwa ry’incungu y’ukwikukira kw’Uburundi,umuganwa  Ludoviko Rwagasore bigatuma bahisemwo guca bawungururiza kw’igenekerezo rya 19 Gitugutu 2018 ukazohimbarizwa mu ntara ya Muyinga, aho basanze hariko harangurirwa ibikorwa n’imvukira z’iyo ntara bijanye no gukinga ibiza.Ngo nk’uko bisanzwe rero, umunsi mukuru mu kuwitegurira bijana n’ibikorwa. Ngo bariko bararangura ibikorwa hirya no hino  bijanye no gukinga imyuzurira n’imivo ishobora gutwara inyubakwa  , imirima eka mbere n’abantu. Imyiteguro iriko irakorwa kugira bazoshobore guhangana n’ivyo biza kuko abahinga baramenyesheje ko  imvura ishobora kuba  nyinshi mu bice bimwe bimwe  nko mu buraruko bushira uburengero hamwe no mu gisagara ca Bujumbura  mu  bumanuko naho ishobora kuba nke cane ku buryo hashobora kuzibonekeza inzara hamwe ata gikozwe.Ariko naho biri uko,Antoine Ntemako  yarahumurije  abanyagihugu, abamenyesha ko  ko atawogira ubwoba kubera ivyo biza kuko  ibibazo vyose haba imvura nyinshi canke uruzuba, vyose barabitegekaniriza inyishu nk’uko bariko barabikora. Inzuzi za Gasenyi  na Mutimbuzi bariko barazitunganya ku buryo zitazosubira gutwara abantu n’ibintu muri karitiye Carama no mu micungarararo yaho. Kubera ibikorwa nk’ivyo umuntu umwe canke igisata kimwe kitovyishoboza , Ntemako Antoine  yahamagariye abakora mu  bisata bitandukanye nk’uburimyi n’ubworozi, gukingira ibidukikije hamwe n’amagara y’abantu kugira urunani mu bikorwa. Ntemako yarangije ameneysha abarundi bose kuja hamwe, ko twese bituraba isi tuyibako twese rero dutegerezwa kuyikingira ata n’umwe avuyemwo, ntihagire abaguma biyumvira ngo ni igikorwa ca Reta .Ngo twijukire gutera ibiti kuko igituma nyamukuru inzuzi, inkukura n’imyuzurira  vyirirwa biriha inkumbi ari uko isi tubako itacambaye ibiti vyirirwa biracibwa bidasubirizwa , ngo n’aho inzuzi za Gasenyi na  Mutimbuzi bariko barazicira inzira, abanyagihugu batabigizemwo uruhara mu kwirinda kwubaka badakurikije amategeko ntaco bizofasha.Yaragarutse kandi no ku kiyaga Tanganyika ko kiguma kiduga kirenga inkengera, aho yagabishije abantu baguma bubaka badakurikije imetero 150 bategerezwa gusiga bakabirengako baguma basemerera igihe inzu zabo zizoshikirwa bazicuza ataco bagikiza. 

Josélyne Ndayegamiye

 

 

Reta y’Uburundi irafasha abageze mu zabukuru ifadikanije n’ibigo n’amashirahamwe aharanira agateka kabo

 

Mu ntumbero yo kwifatanya  n’amakungu mu guhimbaza umunsi mpuzamakungu wahariwe abageze mu zabukuru uhimbazwa kw’igenekerezo ry’1 Gitugutu 2018, Reta y’Uburundi yarasohoye itangazo ryashikirijwe n’umushikiranganji w’agateka ka zina muntu  n’ugushigikirana, Martin Nivyabandi ku wa 27 Nyakanga 2018 ,aho yamenyesheje ko Reta   y’Uburundi ifasha abageze mu zabukuru ifadikanije n’ibigo canke amashirahamwe aharanira agateka kabo ,mbere ikaba isanzwe yaragiraniye amasezerano nivyo bigo.Mu ntumbero yo kwifatanya  n’amakungu mu guhimbaza umunsi mpuzamakungu wahariwe abageze mu zabukuru uhimbazwa kw’igenekerezo ry’1 Gitugutu 2018, Reta y’Uburundi yarasohoye itangazo ryashikirijwe n’umushikiranganji w’agateka ka zina muntu  n’ugushigikirana, Martin Nivyabandi ku wa 27 Nyakanga 2018 ,aho yamenyesheje ko Reta   y’Uburundi ifasha abageze mu zabukuru ifadikanije n’ibigo canke amashirahamwe aharanira agateka kabo ,mbere ikaba isanzwe yaragiraniye amasezerano nivyo bigo.Nk’uko Martin Nivyabandi, yabandanije abavuga  muri iryo tanganzo, ngo Reta y’Uburundi yaragiraniye amasezerano n’ibigo canke amashirahamwe yitaho agateka k’abageze mu zabukuru bituma Reta ibaha imfashanyo kugira ngo bishobore kurangura imirimo bijejwe. Eka ngo ivyo bigo canke amashirahamwe yitaho abageze mu zabukuru Reta irayarihira amatara n’amazi eka mbere ngo n’imfashanyo zivuye hanze ziraheza zigacishwa muri ayo mashirahamwe kugira ngo ashobore gufasha abageze mu zabukuru ata kirinze gutangwa. 

Ngo Reta iragendera ivyo bigo mbere ikabiha n’ibifungurwa n’utundi twankenerwa no gufasha kuvuza bantahonikora bageze mu zabukuru no gutegekaniriza kazoza abageze mu zabukuru bahoze ari  abakozi ba Reta. Ngo mu mwaka w’2012 Reta yarashizeho poritike y’igihugu ijejwe gukingira no gutegekaniriza kazoza abenegihugu mbere ngo n’ikigega bijanye kikaba kimaze gushirwaho. Ngo ico kigega gifasha abatishoboye eka mbere n’abageze mu zabukuru badasigaye inyuma. Ngo igihugu kandi caritunganirije ata munyamahanga arimwo, umugambi w’igihugu ujanye n’iterambere muri iyi myaka 10 iri imbere, guhera mu mwaka w’2018 gushika mu mwaka w’2027, uwo nawo ngo ukaba uherutse gutanguzwa icese n’Umukuru w’igihugu, Petero NKURUNZIZA ku wa 22 Myandagaro 2018 mu ntara ya Gitega. Ngo harakozwe kandi n’icigwa kijanye no kuraba ko abageze mu zabukuru bose bovurwa ku buntu bisabwe na Reta y’Uburundi. Eka ngo n’abafurera bo mu muryango wa «Bene Yozefu » baragize icigwa mu makomine amwe amwe co kuraba ivyo abageze mu zabukuru bakenera kurusha mu kubaho kwabo kandi Reta ikaba yiteze kandi ishigikire ibizoshikirizwa bivuye muri ico cigwa. Ariko kandi ngo naho ibintu bimeze uko ngo haracariho abakurambere bacugarijwe n’ibibazo bitandukanye mbere hakaba n’abo Reta imaze gukura mw’ibarabara bari babeshejweho no gusegerereza. Ngo Reta y’Uburundi yiyemeje kubandanya ikora uko ibishoboye kugira ngo abageze mu zabukuru bagende bagira akarusho. Ngo inyishu ya mbere ibereye iri muri ca gikorwa co gushigikirana mu kibano catanguzwa kw’igenekerezo rya mbere Mukakaro 2018.Nk’uko biri muri iryo tangazo, uwo munsi mukuru ngo ni akaryo keza ko gushigikira abageze mu zabukuru batishoboye kurusha abandi.

 Nathan Ntahondi

 

Reta y’Uburundi iritwararitse ubuzima bwa bantahonikora mu kubafashiriza aho baba atari mw’ibarabara

 

DSCjjuyh02326Umunyamabanga ntayegayezwa mu bushikiranganji  bw’agateka ka zina muntu n’ugushigikirana ,Félix Ngendabanyikwa amenyesha ko Reta y’Uburundi ibicishije kuri ubwo bushikiranganji yitwararitse ubuzima ubuzima bwabantaho nikora mu kubafashiriza aho baba atari mw’ibarabara nikimenyamenya imaze gutahana iwabo abana bahora  mw’ibarabara barenga 1800. Umunyamabanga ntayegayezwa mu bushikiranganji  bw’agateka ka zina muntu n’ugushigikirana ,Félix Ngendabanyikwa amenyesha ko Reta y’Uburundi ibicishije kuri ubwo bushikiranganji yitwararitse ubuzima ubuzima bwabantaho nikora mu kubafashiriza aho baba atari mw’ibarabara nikimenyamenya imaze gutahana iwabo abana bahora  mw’ibarabara barenga 1800. Ivyo akaba yabimenyeshaje ku wa 27 Nyakanga 2018 ,mu nama yatunganijwe n’ubwo bushikiranganji ku bayobozi bakuru bakuru babwo mu ntumbero yo kwirimbura bafatiye kwihangiro bihaye gushikako mu kiringo c’amezi atatu aheze,mbere bakaba basanze ibikorwa bari biyemeje kurangura vyagenze neza mbere bakaba bihaye amanota arenga ibice 91 kw’ijana (91%).Umunyamabanga ntayegayezwa muri ubwo  bushikiranganji, Félix Ngendabanyikwa yamenyesheje ko ibikorwa vyaranguwe muri ubwo bushikiranganji bishimishije aho baronse amanota arenga 91 kw’ijana agatera intenge abakora muri ubwo bushikiranganji ko bokwongereza gusumba bagashikana ijana kw’ijana. Ngo ibikorwa bakoze ni vyinshi cane haba mu gushigikira bantaho nikora, mu kubavuza, gufasha abakenyezi mu buryo butandukanye, gusubiza muzabo abaziteshejwe, ivy’agateka ka zina muntu n’ibindi. Yaravuze kandi ko ikindi gikorwa baranguye gishimishije n’uko batahanye abana bahora mw’ibarabara barenga 1800 iwabo. Ngo bazobandanya bakorana n’ubushikiranganji bw’umutekano hamwe n’ubw’ intwaro yo hagati mu gihugu kugira ico gikorwa kigende neza. Yaravuze kandi ko muri ubwo  bushikiranganji  hariho ubuyobozi bukuru bujejwe gushigikira abahuye n’ivyago, bagira batangure kuduga kuraba abo bana batahanye ingene babayeho bongere barabe ko bagiye mw’ishure. Yarongeye aramenyesha ko Reta y’Uburundi yashizeho itegeko rishigikira umunsi wahariwe gushigikirana mu gihugu aho mu kwezi kwa Ruheshi 2018 bakoreye muri ivyo gikorwa barashwara mu mitumba itandukanye bigisha abanyangihugu gufashanya ko ari vyiza. Yaravuze ko ivyo abanyagihugu bashoboye gutanga  bidashobora kubikwa ni ukuvuga ivyononekara n’ingoga baciye babiha bantahonikora ibidapfa navyo barabibika. Félix Ngendabanyikwa yaramenyesheje kandi ko bagira batangure gusigurira neza abanyagihugu ibijanye no gufashanya kuko mu minsi iheze batari bwamenye ingene bikorwa bongere basigurirwe n’intumbero yavyo. Ngo basaba bamusitanteri bo mu makomine atandukanye  ko bamenya neza bantahonikora kugira ivyo ubwo  bushikiranganji  buba bwegeranije bihabwe ababigenewe.

Thérèse Niyonkuru                                                                                              

 

Abarundi basabwa kudasamazwa n’abavuga ayamuhe, bitabe irima ry’agatasi, barwanye ubukene

 

kiouKw’igenekerezo rya 28 Nyakanga 2018, abavugizi b’inzego z’gihugu n’ubushikiranganji bari baramutse bishura ku bibazo vy’abamenyeshamakuru n’abanyagihugu bakoresheje amaterefone nk’uko vyama bigenda uko amezi 3 aheze, bakaba uwo munsi bari ku murwa mukuru w’intara ya Ruyigi. Barishuye rero ku bibazo bitandukanya bishimikiye cane cane ku migenderanire, intwaro na poritike, umutekano , ubutunzi, indero, amagara y’abantu n’ibindi. Ariko ikibazo c’icegeranyo cashikirijwe n’umurwi w’abahinga b’ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu cambika iceyi Uburundi kikaba caragarutsweko, mu gihe Reta yaciyamirije ngo narirya kidatandukanye n’ibindi vyama biriko birakorwa ku nguvu z’ishirahamwe ry’abanyaburaya barondera guhungabanya umutekano w’Uburundi nk’uko umuvugizi w’Umukuru w’igihugu, Claude Karerwa n’umuvugizi wa Reta mushasha, Prosper Ntahorwamiye babivuze muri ico kiganiro. Kw’igenekerezo rya 28 Nyakanga 2018, abavugizi b’inzego z’gihugu n’ubushikiranganji bari baramutse bishura ku bibazo vy’abamenyeshamakuru n’abanyagihugu bakoresheje amaterefone nk’uko vyama bigenda uko amezi 3 aheze, bakaba uwo munsi bari ku murwa mukuru w’intara ya Ruyigi. Barishuye rero ku bibazo bitandukanya bishimikiye cane cane ku migenderanire, intwaro na poritike, umutekano , ubutunzi, indero, amagara y’abantu n’ibindi. Ariko ikibazo c’icegeranyo cashikirijwe n’umurwi w’abahinga b’ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu cambika iceyi Uburundi kikaba caragarutsweko, mu gihe Reta yaciyamirije ngo narirya kidatandukanye n’ibindi vyama biriko birakorwa ku nguvu z’ishirahamwe ry’abanyaburaya barondera guhungabanya umutekano w’Uburundi nk’uko umuvugizi w’Umukuru w’igihugu, Claude Karerwa n’umuvugizi wa Reta mushasha, Prosper Ntahorwamiye babivuze muri ico kiganiro. Twobamenyesha ko imbere y’uko igikorwa co kwishura ibibazo gitangura, umuvugizi w’Umukuru w’igihugu, Claude Karerwa yarashikirije ijambo yrunginywe n’Umukuru w’igihugu aho yipfuriza abarundi amahoro, ubumwe, ubutungane n’iterambere. Umukuru w’igihugu asaba kandi abarundi kudasamazwa n’abangushi baguma bambika iceyi igihugu mu ntumbero yo guhungabanya igihugu no kugfisambura. Abarundi bahamagarirwa kandi gusohora isuka mu gihe himirije irima ry’agtasi mu ntumbero yo kurwanya inzara n’ubukene.  Abanyeshure nabo basabwa kwiga neza, kwirinda ubunebwe, gusamara, bagendere indero runtu. Batandukanye kandi icatsi n’ururo gutyo bitegurire kazoza abakiri bato. Basabwa kandi kwitabira inyigisho zo gukunda igihugu. Aabarundi basabwa kandi kubandanya batanga intererano yo gutunganya matora yo mu mwaka w’2020 ata gahato kugira azogende neza. 


Ku vyerekeye imigenderanire
Ku bijanye n’ingingo z’urutavanako kandi z’agahotoro n’agacinyizo ishirahamwe ry’abanyaburaya riguma risaba ko zifatirwa Uburundi,harimwo n’ivyo risaba,  yaba umuvugizi w’Umukuru w’igihugu, Claude Karerwa canke umuvugizi wa Reta mushasha Prosper Ntahorwamiye bishuye bati :Reta irakira ivyo isabwa vyose ariko ishira mu ngiro ibishoboka. Ku basaba ko Reta yova mu mugwi w’agateka ka zina muntu mw’ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu ONU nk’uko ibisabwa n’abanegihugu abo bavugizi bishuye ko iyo itoba ari inyishu irama. Nayo barya bita abahinga ba ONU  Reta y’Uburundi ibita abacangero bakorera inyungu z’ibihugu bimwe bimwe kuko bamwe nk’abatera uruvyino abandi bavyina. Ibijanye no kwitwara Reta ngo yarabajije abahinga isanga bigoye kwitwarira barya bacangero, ariko basavye imbabazi Reta izozibagirira. Naho biri uko Reta yarashikirije urwandiko ishirahamwe ONU yiyamiriza kirya cegeranyo gicapfuza Uburundi kandi gisubiza inyuma ishirahamwe ONU. Ibiriko birashikira Uburundi muri kino gihe ngo vyarashikiye n’ibindi bihugu nka Libiya aho bakoresheje amayeri menshi kugira bashikire ubutunzi bw’ico gihugu. Uburundi ubu buremera abasumyi ariko ntibwemera abasuma, arico gituma abarundi baguma baharanira ubwigenge bw’igihugu cabo.Umuvugizi wa Reta Prosper Ntahorwamiye amenyesha ko Reta y’Uburundi ititavye inama y’ishirahamwe COMESA iherutse kubere i Lusaka mu gihugu ca Zambiya kubera yabaye itisunze amategeko kuko vyari bitegekanijwe ko ibera mu Burundi. Kuri ivyo rero ngo Reta yarashikirije urwandiko rw’ibirego.


Ku vyerekeye intwaro y’igihugu na Poritike 
Umuvugizi w’Umukuru w’igihugu Jean Claude Karerwa amenyesha ko gutora uwuzosubirira Umukuru w’igihugu bigirwa n’umugambwe bitava ku mukuru w’igihugu ubwiwe. Mu gutegura naho Umukuru w’igihugu ategura bose haba mu mvugo, mu ngendo n’ibindi adacaguye ariko hageze gutora uwo muntu yemezwa n’abagize inzego z’umugambwe. Imana ngo niyo izomurikira abagumyabanga kugira bashire imbere uwitoza mu mabanga yo kurongora igihugu. Umukuru w’igihugu kandi ngo azobandanya ateramira ubwigenge bw’igihugu kandi azobandanya ari umuhanuzwajambo. Ivyo ashoboye gukora navyo ngo ni vyinshi nko kuba umuhuza, gufasha muvyo inkino, uburimyi n’ubworozi. Umukuru w’igihugu araha umubonano uwo wese awusavye ariko asanze ikibazo cawe cotorerwa inyishu n’abarongoye intwaro hasi araheza akagusibiza aho nyene.Umuvugizi w’umugwi w’igihugu wigenga ujejwe gutunganya amatora CENI, Pilippe Nzobonariba nawe arahumuriza abavuga ko batizigiye ko uwo mugwi uzoba wigenga koko baravye abawugize  bafatiye kuri we nyene na Pierre Claver Kazihise. Avuga ko abo bantu babiri Atari bo bonyene bagize uwo mugwi kuko ugizwe n’abantu ndwi bapfundikira ijambo hamwe kandi bamaze kuja muri ayo mabanga ata mugambwe, ubwoko, igitsina baba bakigendera kuko barahirira gutunganya ico gikorwa n’umutima ugororotse wo gukunda igihugu. Ngo naho yavugira Reta ngo ntiyigeze avugira umugambwe aturukamwo. Uwufise amakenga rero ngo ni ahere, abashaka kwitoza bitegure ntibibaze ngo bazobabera intambamyi. Inama nkuru y’igihugu yafashe ingingo yo kugabisha amashirahamwe amwe amwe yigenga atisunze ingingo yafashwe na Reta ngo ariyizi kandi yaragabishijwe. Ngo uwutokuvuna yokuva inyuma kuko ngo hari nk’ishirahamwe rikorera mu ntara ya Ngozi ryatanze inkoko zitatu mu kiringo c’imyaka itatu n’ayandi mashirahamwe yigisha urwaruka ngo abasangiye ibitsina barongorane canke ayadandaza ibirwanisho. Amashirahamwe akurikiza amategeko ngo ntiyerekewe n’iyo ngingo. Noneho ngo barazi ko no mu bihugu vyabo bidakorwa. 
Ku vyerekeye indero
Umuvugizi w’ubushikiranganji bw’indero, Edouard Juma amenyesha ko umushikiranganji wabwo yasohoye indinganizo y’ukugene amahera y’ishure atangwa, icibonekeza akaba ari uko amashure menshi y’abigenga atarashiraho komite y’abavyeyi ariko asabwa gushira mu ngiro iryo tegeko nshikiranganji. Naho iryo tegeko ririho ntiribuza ko ishure rifadikanije na komite y’abavyeyi bashiraho imigambi yo guteza imbere ishure, ntibafate ayo amshure nk’ibutike atabo bahanuza. Izo ngingo ayo mashure yofata ni uko yoba ayateza imbere ishure biciye mu nama n’ingingo kandi ayo mahera yorihishwa rimwe gusa umwana acinjira mw’ishure kanaka. Umurengera w’abanyeshure mw’isomero ngo uzogabanywa no kwubaka ayandi mashure no kugabanya umurindi wo kurondoka. Ahandi hoho bagerageza kwakira abana bose bafise uburenganzira bwo kwiga naho bigabanya akanovera k’indero. Abayobewe ibibazo vya Reta vyiza ni uko boja mu mashure y’imyuga naho atarwiriye mu gihugu kuko nayo nyene arimwo kazoza k’igihugu arico gituma bose batoronka ibibanza vyo guhitira. Ni no muri iyo ntumbero ubushikiranganji bwafashe ingingo yo kwaka amahera ibihumbi 50 abashaka guisubira gukora ico kibazo kuko gisanzwe gitwara uburyo bwinshi arico gituma nawe asabwa guterera ; aho ngo nta akarenganyo karimwo. Abanyeshure binjira mu mashure y’akarorero hari abafise amanota make baronka amahirwe yo kuyajamwo ariko abafise menshi ntibaronke, ngo bituruka ku ntara baturukamwo ,  nk’i Bujumbura kubera batarenza abana 15 gusa ngo abaronse ayo mahirwe ari bake uravye amanota meza bari bafise. Avuga ko ata karenganyo kuko biva ku kugene bitunganijwe. 


Ku vyerekeye ibidukikije
Ku kibazo c’amashirahamwe yahawe igikorwa co gukura imicafu mu gisagara ca Bujumbura ariko agasa n’uko atavyo ashoboye, umuvugizi w’ubushikiranganji bw’intwaro yo hagati mu ghugu, Thérence Ntahiraja avugira ko ubwo bushikiraanganji avuga ko hariho amashirahamwe akora akazi yiyemeje neza cane n’ayandi agoyagoya. Naho biri uko ngo mu kuyatora ayo mashirahamwe yarahiganywe buri zone yose ironka abatsindiye ico gikorwa. Igisagara ca Bujumbura kandi ngo kiriko kiragiriranira ibiganiro n’ishirahamwe rishaka ryo guhingura iyo micafu kugira riyakuremwo umuyagankuba. Amakomine nayo asaba abanyagihugu gutunganirizwa habanje gusabwa impapuro zo gukura imicafu n’ibindi ayasaba gutunganiriza abanyagihugu ataco basabwe. 


Kuvyerekeye uburimyi n’ubworozi
Ku kibazo c’uko ubu aborozi basigaye babura aho bashorera umwimbu w’amata, Emmérance Nirera avugira ubushikiranganji bw’uburimyi n’ubworozi amenyesha ko ahatanzwe inka za kijambere hose hubatswe ibigo vyakira amata mbere bikanayapima kugira barabe ko ameze neza ; aho akaba ata kibazo kihari. Uwo bushikiranganji  ngo burahimiriza aborozi kudashora amata yose baronka ahubwo guha igice cayo abana babo kugira bagire amagara meza.

Ku vyerekeye ubutunzi 
Ku kibazo bw’abasaba amakonteri y’umuyagankuba n’ay’amazi mw’ishirahamwe REGIDESO bakayabura, umuvugizi w’ubushikiranganji bw’amasoko ntanaganguvu,  Léonidas Sindayigaya amenyesha ko umuyagankuba wiyongereye ariko abasaba amakonteri ntibayaronke ngo vyatumwe n’ingorane zavuye mu guhiganirwa amasoko. Ishirahamwe REGIDESO ryabaye rirabangira kugira ntibakire amahera badaca batunganiriza ababituye. Ariko ngo iryo shirahamwe riherutse kuronka amakonteri 3000 rikaba ryimirije kuronka ayandi 10.000. Ikindi gishimishije ngo ni uko ishirahamwe REGIDESO ryaronse uburenganzira bwo kwishikira mu mahinguriro akora ibiokoresho rikeneye.   Abadandaza bo masoko mashasha yo mu gisagara ca Bujumbura basabwa kudandaza ikintu kimwe ku badandaza ibifungurwa, umuvugizi w’ubushikiranganji bw’intwaro hagati mu gihugu avuga ko agengwa n’amategeko amwe, ahoba hari ingorane naho zokosorwa.


Ku vyerekeye inkino
Ku bidoga bavuga ko Reta itoba ifasha bikwiye imigwi y’inkino mu gihe yitavye amahiganwa abera hanzi y’igihugu.Umuvugizi w’bushoikiranganji bw’inkino n’imico yishuye ko ku bijanye n’imigwi iserukira igihugu ngo hari iyifatwa mu mugongo na Reta n’iyindi ifatwa mu mugongo n’amashirahamwe aba yayitumiye.Ariko ngo  umugwi w’igihugu ufatwa mu mugongo n’igihugu. Ikibazo kihari ngo ni uburyo , umugwi w’igihugu ugasanga wagiye gukina ata buryo buriho. Inkino ngo zifise akamaro nta ngere mu kunywanisha abantu no kugarukana amahoro arico gituma abarundi bose bafise uburyo na cane cane amashirahamwe n’amabanki asabwa gufasha mu guteza imbere inkino. Ku kibazo c’uko inyubakwa y’ishirahamwe ry’urukino rwa « Judo » yotuma ikibuga c’inkino Prince Louis Rwagasore kitakira inkino mpuzamakungu ngo ishirahamwe ry’umupira w’amaguru ntirirashikiriza ico kibazo ubushikiranganji bujejwe inkino. 


Ku vyerekeye  umutekano
Umuvugizi w’ubushikiranganji bw’umutekano, Nkurikiye Pierre nawe  amenyesha ko ubwo bushikiranganji bufise uburyo bwo gukura imodoka zigirira ingorane mw’ibirabara zikabuza ko uruja n’uruza rubandanya rugenda neza ariko ngo ntibukwiye ngo bukore mu gihugu cose. Ahanura abatwara izo modoka gushira imbere y’iyo modoka ikimenyetso cerekana ko habaye ingorane. Uwugiriye ingorane mw’ibarabara kandi niwe ategerezwa kuyikuriraho kugira ntacibwe ihadabu.
Ku vyerekeye amagara y’abantu Ikibazo co kuronka imiti mu mangazini z’imiti y’ishirahamwe « Mutuelle » kandi abanywanyi badasiba gutanga intererano, icegera c’umuvugizi w’ubushikiranganji bw’amagara y’abantu yamenyesheje ko ikigo CAMEBU arico kizorangura imiti hanyuma iryo shirahamwe rikagurira ico kigo. 

Ku vyerekeye ibidukikije
Ku bijanye n’ingorane z’imicafu yisuka mu kiyaga Tanganyika ahanini ivuye mu gisagara ca Bujumbura, umuvugizi w’ubushikiranganji bw’ibidukikije amenyesha ko ico kiyaga gifitiye akamaro kanini abanyagisagara arico gituma gikwiye gukingirwa. Ngo ikigo SETEMU kirafise ingorane y’ivyuma kugira amazi aje mu kiyaga amaze kuyungururwa ariko amasoko yo kugura ivyo bikoresho yaramaze gutangwa. Haruhande ngo amategeko ategerezwa gukurikizwa n’abo bose mu gukurikiza itegeko rigenga imetero inyubakwa zijako uvuye ku kiyaga. Amahinguro nayo agasabwa kubanza guhingura neza amazi mabi ayavamwo imbere  yuko aja mu kiyaga. Abakora imitobe idakwije ibisabwa n’ikigo BBN ngo bahawe amezi atatu kugira bitunganye.


Ibibazo vy’abanyagihugu
Ibibazo bijanye n’indero ku bataronse amahirwe yo kumenya ikibazo ca Reta gitanga uburenganzira bwo kuja muri kaminuza bazoba bataronse amahirwe yo gutora ico kibazo ngo barafise uburenganzira bwo gusubira kwipima. Igisigaye ngo ni ikibazo c’ubuhinga ngo ntibazobazwa kumwe kandi indinganizo z’ivyigwa atari zimwe. Abazoja mu buraro nabo ngo ni abaronse amanota arenga ijana na cumi mu kibazo co mu mwaka w’icenda, ahabonetse ibibanza ubushikiranganji bwaragabanije gato bumanuka gushika ku manota ijana. Amashirahamwe yaguze ikawa y’abanyagihugu atarahemba abo barimyi ngo yahawe ikiringo c’indwi zibiri kugira abe yarishe. Aho ngo ni mu ntumbero yo kworohereza abarimyi b’ikawa narirya ari ikiringo co kurungika abana ku mashure. Abavuga nabo ko amata “France Lait” yoba arimwo ibinini ngo ubushikiranganji bwaciye bwihutira kugenzura ivyo bintu haraseswa ibikopo birenga 60 basanga ata binini birimwo rero ngo abavyeyi bobandanya abayaha abana babo. Ubushikranagnji rero bwasanze hari icoba cinyegeje inyuma y’iyo nkuru akaba ari no muri iyo ntumbero hatanguye gukwiragizwa ibihuha ngo ahari amateremusi atera kanseri. Abatanguye kumena ayo materemusi bobireka kuko iyo biba vyari uko ubushikranganji bw’amagara y’abantu buba bwarabagabishije. Ivyo kandi ni ugusamaza inzego z’umutekano mu kuvuga ko ahanaka hatangwa uburozi mu nzoga canke mu bifungurwa ; inkuru zitangwa ku buhinga ngurakanabumenyi nazo ngo zitangwa n’abashaka gucafuza igihugu no kujuragiza abanyagihugu.   Abadandaza ibikoresho vyo gukwega umuyagankuba n’amazi mw’ishirahamwe REGIDESO babizimbako mu ntara z’uburaruko ngo ico kibazo bagiye kucicarira kuko ari intambamyi ku gukwega amazi mu bisagara vyo mu buraruko bw’igihugu arivyo Ngozi, Muyinga na Kirundo. Umuvugizi w’ubushikiranganji bw’umutekano Pierre Nkurikiye amenyesha ko mu kwakira abashaka kwinjira mu ntwazangabo mu giporisi ngo nta n’umwe akumiriwe kuko basaba uwufise hagati y’imyaka 18 na 25 kandi yatoye ikibazo gitanga uburenganzira bwo kuja muri kaminuza n’abari muri kaminuza canke bayihejeje barimwo.Abashikirizamanza batatu bagenywe n’umushikirizamanza kizigenza wa Republika kugira bakore amatohoza ku bwicanyi bwabaye mu Ruhagarika mu ntara ya Cibitoke barashikirije icegeranyo inyuma y’ukwezi n’indwi zibiri. Abafashwe rero ngo bazoburanishirizwa hamwe kuko dosiye ari imwe. Ibitero navyo vyabaye mu Ruhagarika no mu Gatumba ngo vyaribonekeje ko igihugu c’Urwanda kibifisemwo uruhara. Reta y’Urwanda ngo ibandanya ibaniye nabi Uburundi kandi Uburundi bukaba busaba ishirahamwe ry’ibihugu vya Afrika gutunganiriza Uburundi kandi ngo n’amakungu ariko arabikurikirana. Igitabu c’inzira c’Uburundi ngo kiremewe mu karere ka Afrika y’ubuseruko, uwoba yarahagaritswe n’igiporisi nawe yoshika mu bushikiranganji bw’umutekano kugira asigure ukugene vyagenze gutyo bitorerwe inyishu. Ku bijanye no kugabanya ubusumbasumbane bw’imishahara y’abakozi ba Reta aho vyoba bigeze, umuvugizi w’ubushikiranganji bw’akazi amenyesha ko ibikorwa  bikibanadanya kandi n’abo vyatanguiye bitevye uburyo bubonetse bazoca batunganirizwa. Ku rubanza rw’umunyagihugu wo mu Cibitoke rwaciwe mu mwaka w’1972, umuvugizi w’ubutungane amenyesha ko ivyatumye rutaja mu ngiro bariko barabitohoza kandi muri iyo ntara bari mw’isekeza ryo gushira mu ngiro imanza zacitse. Bisubiye ngo igihe yitura ubushikiranganji bw’ubutungane baramwakiriye kandi ngo yoza mu bushikiranganji akaza kuraba inyishu y’ivyo yasavye. Iyo imanza z’amatongo zimaze umwanya munini zitarashirwa mu ngiro ngo birashobora kuba intandaro y’umutekano muke arico gituma bariko baragira amasekeza yo gushira mu ngiro imanza zaciwe mu ntara bitari vyabaye. Ku vyerekeye ubwato bukorera mu kiyaga Tanganyika butagira imparati ngo uwufise umwuga akorera mu kiyaga hari ivyo asabwa kugira atangure gukora ariko ubwato butobuto buroba ngo ntazo bufise ariko sivyo bitera umutekano muke. Umutekano muke uterwa n’abasuma biba bagatera baja mu gihugu ca Kongo (RDC), ariko ntibiva ku bwato butagira imparati. Amahera atangwa mu ntumbero yo gutegura amatora ngo amaze gushika ku miriyaridi zababa 15 atangwa n’abakozi ba Reta ; Reta nayo ngo imaze gutanga imiriyaridi zishika 13. Mu minsi iza umushikiranganji w’ikigega ca Reta azotanga ikiganiro mu ntumbero yo gushikiriza amahera amaze gutangwa. Gusubiramwo ivyo gutanga ayo mahera navyo bisigaye ku mugwi uhuza Reta n’amasendika (CNDS). 

Epitace Nduwayo 

 

Mu Nama Nshingamateka Amategeko abiri agenga abantu babayeho batagira ubwenegihugu yaremejwe

 

paozKu wa 19 Nyakanga , Inama Nshingamateka yarize irongera iratora integuro y’ibwirizwa riha Reta y’Uburundi uburenganzira bwo gushira igikumu ku masezerano yo mu mwaka w’1954 ajanye n’abantu badafise igihugu begukira . Iyo nteguro y’ibwirizwa yatowe ku majwi 102 ni ukuvuga abashingamateka 90 bari bitavye ivyo bikorwa hamwe 12 bari batumye. Ivyo bikorwa vyari birongowe na Pascal Nyabenda umukuru w’Inama Nshingamateka y’Uburundi.Ku wa 19 Nyakanga , Inama Nshingamateka yarize irongera iratora integuro y’ibwirizwa riha Reta y’Uburundi uburenganzira bwo gushira igikumu ku masezerano yo mu mwaka w’1954 ajanye n’abantu badafise igihugu begukira . Iyo nteguro y’ibwirizwa yatowe ku majwi 102 ni ukuvuga abashingamateka 90 bari bitavye ivyo bikorwa hamwe 12 bari batumye. Ivyo bikorwa vyari birongowe na Pascal Nyabenda umukuru w’Inama Nshingamateka y’Uburundi.Muri ivyo bikorwa Inama Nshingamateka yari yatumiye umushikiranganji w’intwaro yo hagati mu gihugu, Pascal Barandagiye kugira asigure imvo n’imvano aho yamenyesheje ko intumbero y’iyo  nteguro y’ibwirizwa ko bafatiye ahanini ku migwi y’abantu baba mu Burundi usanga badafise ubwenegihugu hamwe n’ingene abo bantu usanga bafatwa. Pascal Barandagiye yaramenyesheje kandi ko ibiharuro vyatorokanijwe mu mwaka w’2016 vyerekana  abantu bava mu gihugu ca Omani bangana n’974 baba mu Burundi badafise ubwenegihugu bw’ico gihugu kandi batagira impapuro zerekana ko ari abarundi. Yaramenyesheje kandi ko hariho iyindi migwi y’abantu usanga baba mu gihugu batagira ubwenegihugu . Intambamyi nyamukuru akaba ari inzitizi ziri mu mategeko avuga ubwenegihugu nk’akarorero  umugore w’umurundikazi avyaye umwana ku munyamahanga, uwo mwana adashobora kuronka ubwenegihugu bw’Uburundi mu gihe se amwemera.

Ngo iyo akuze naho se atamwemera umwana aca atora ubwenegihugu aho ashaka.Yarongeye amenyesha ko ico kibazo kugira gitorerwe inyishu ari uko Reta y’Uburundi n’iya Omani hamwe n’ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu ryitaho impunzi « HCR » bazoja hamwe bakaciga .  Ngo iyindi ngorane ihari ni uko abantu benshi bafise karangamuntu za magendu na cane cane abanyekongo, ivyo vyose kugira biveho ngo ni uko bazotanga karangamuntu zikozwe ku buhinga bwa none   « biometrique ». Ngo iyo nteguro y’ibwirizwa yemejwe igiye gufasha gutorera umuti ico kibazo. Kubijanye n’akamaro kiyo nteguro y’ibwirizwa Pascal Barandagiye yamenyesheje ko biri mu ntumbero yo kubahiriza agateka ka zina muntu no kwisunga ingingo zapfunditswe mu mwaka w’2017 umuryango w’ibihugu biri mu karere k’ibiyaga binini (CIRGL) bijanje n’uko ata muntu yoba aba mu karere yokwitwa ko ata bwenegihugu afise gushika mu mwaka w’2024. Ngo ivyo bizofasha kandi gutsimbataza amahoro n’umutekano muri aka karere Uburundi burimwo. Ngo muri iyo ntumbero nyene yo kugabanya abantu batagira ubwenegihugu Inama Nshingamateka yaremeje n’integuro y’ibwirizwa ijanye n’amasezerano yo mu mwaka 1961 ajanye no kugabanya ibitigiri vy’abantu usanga babayeho batagira ubwenegihugu. Iyo nteguro Abashingamateka bakaba bayemeje ijana kw’ijana.

Thérèse Niyonkuru
                                                                         

 

Ikigo CNTA kigeze ku rugero rushimishije mu guhingura umwimbu w’ibiterwa n’uw’ibitungwa

 

DhhySC 0296Ikigo c’igihugu kijejwe kugira ubushakashatsi ku bijanye no guhingura umwimbu w’ibiterwa n’ibitungwa mu ntumbero yo kuwubika igihe kinini (CNTA), urahingura ibinyantete, aho bageze ku buhinga 11. Mu gisata c’imboga n’ivyamwa, ngo bageze ku buhinga 14, ubuhinga 8 ku vyimburwa vyerera mu kuzimu hamwe n’ubuhinga 5 ku mwimbu uturutse ku bitungwa. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’uwurongoye igisata kijejwe ubuhinga bwo kubika no guhingura umwimbu uva mu biterwa no mu bitungwa mu kigo CNTA, Serverien Twagirimana, ku wa 18 Nyakanga 2018 mu kiganiro yahaye ikinyamakuru UBUMWE.Ikigo c’igihugu kijejwe kugira ubushakashatsi ku bijanye no guhingura umwimbu w’ibiterwa n’ibitungwa mu ntumbero yo kuwubika igihe kinini (CNTA), urahingura ibinyantete, aho bageze ku buhinga 11. Mu gisata c’imboga n’ivyamwa, ngo bageze ku buhinga 14, ubuhinga 8 ku vyimburwa vyerera mu kuzimu hamwe n’ubuhinga 5 ku mwimbu uturutse ku bitungwa. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’uwurongoye igisata kijejwe ubuhinga bwo kubika no guhingura umwimbu uva mu biterwa no mu bitungwa mu kigo CNTA, Serverien Twagirimana, ku wa 18 Nyakanga 2018 mu kiganiro yahaye ikinyamakuru UBUMWE.Serverien Twagirimana akaba yamenyesheje ko ico ikigo CNTA cavutse mu mwaka w’1993, gitangujwe n’ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu rijejwe iterambere PNUD hamwe n’ishirahamwe ryitaho uburimyi FAO. Ico gihe, ngo ayo mashirahamwe yariko arafasha cane mu gisata c’uburimyi n’ubworozi, aho hari umwimbu wariko uratakara.

Uwo mwimbu wariko uratakara ukaba wari ugizwe n’ivyamwa n’imboga, ico kigo rero cari gifise intumbero yo gufasha guhingura uwo mwimbu kugira ushobore kubikwa igihe kinini.Ikigo CNTA ngo kigizwe n’ibisata 4, ivyo navyo bikora ibintu bitandukanye bigahuriza hamwe mu ntumbero yo gushika kw’ihangiro bihaye ryo guhingura no kubika umwimbu igihe kinini. Igisata co kwiga ubuhinga bwo kubika umwimbu ngo niwo mutima w’ico kigo, iyo ubuhinga bwiyumviriwe ngo baraheza bakabwigisha abarimyi- borozi kugira bashobore kubukoresha.Inyuma yo gushiraho ubwo buhinga, ngo hakurikira igisata kijejwe gutanga inyigisho kikongera kigafasha abarimyi-borozi gutunganya imigambi yo guhingura ivyimburwa n’uburyo bukenewe, igisata kijejwe gukora ibikoresho bikenewe haba kwanikira, gusya kugira ivyimburwa bishobore kubikwa igihe kinini.Ku bijanye n’igisata kijejwe ubuhinga, ngo kigabuyemwo ibice 3 bito bito, ivyo navyo ni igice kiberamwo ivyigwa vyo guhingura umwimbu hamwe n’ibindi 2 bijejwe gupima ubuziranenge bw’ivyahinguwe. Ukwo gupima ubwo buziranenge ngo bifasha kugira nk’umutobe wahinguwe bamenye igihe ushobora kubikwa hamwe n’ivyo ikenutsemwo, aho akavuga bimwe umubiri w’umuntu ukeneye. Ikibanza bapimiramwo ubuziranenge kigabuyemwo kabiri, aho akavuga igisata ca « laboratoire microbiologie », ico gisata gifasha gupima umucafu muvyahinguwe hamwe n’igisata ca « laboratoire biochimie », aho naho hagafasha kumenya ivyo igihingurwa iki canke kiriya kumenya ivyo gikenutsemwo. Ivyo igihingurwa gishobora gukenukamwo ni ntungamubiri, nsanganyangaburo, ntanganguvu, ivyunyu, « vitamines» hamwe n’igihe gishobora kumara. Muri ukwo gupima ubuziranenge, ngo bisunga amategeko agenga akarere ka Afrika y’ubuseruko.


Ubuhinga butandukanye bwo guhingura umwimbu buramaze gushikwako
Mu kigo CNTA, ngo bageze ku buhinga bushimishije, aho ku binyantete bageze ku buhinga bwo guhingura umwimbu 11. Mu gisata c’imboga n’ivyamwa, ngo bageze ku buhinga 14, ico gisata kikaboneka ko ubuhinga bwateye imbere gusumba ibindi bisata kubera ico kigo kigishingwa cari gifise intumbero yo guhingura umwimbu w’imboga n’ivyamwa, ivyo navyo bikaba mu vyimburwa bipfa ningoga. Ku bijanye n’ivyerera mu kuzimu « tubercules », ngo mu kigo CNTA bageze ku buhinga 8, aho akavuga ubuhinga bagezeko mu guhingura ifu y’umwumbati ata na kimwe batakaje. Umwumbati rero ngo ukenutse muri ntanganguvu, iyo bavunditse kugira bahingure ifu, irya fira ija mu mwumbati yerekana ko iyo sukari iba iriko irava mu mwumbati. Muri kino gihe mu kigo CNTA, ngo barashobora guhingura ifu, batarinze kuvundika umwumbati. Mu gisata co guhingura umwimbu w’ibitungwa, ngo bageze ku buhinga 5, ico gisata ngo nticigeze gitera imbere kubera ata musesekara w’umwimbu wigeze uboneka. Ubwo buhinga ngo ahanini buhagaze ku guhingura umwimbu w’amata kubera ko amata asanzwe apfa ningoga. Vyongeye, ngo mu kigo CNTA muri kino gihe barashobora guhingura umwimbu w’indagara zitetse zigashobora kumara ikiringo c’amezi 6.

Itomati z’ubwoko bwa « floladèle » na « Roma » zitanga umwimbu mwishi
Ku kibazo kijanye no guhingura umwimbu w’itomati wategekanywa n’urunani rw’amashirahamwe y’abarimyi CAPAD mu ntara ya Cibitoke, Serverien Twagirimana yamenyesheje ko abari biyumviriye uwo mugambi ko batari bavuganye n’ikigo CNTA kugira babamenyeshe aho ubuhinga bugeze muri ico gisata. Imbere yo gutanguza uwo mugambi, ngo abarimyi b’itomati muri komine Rugombo ngo barima ubwoko bw’itomati zitanga umwimbu muke cane, ico bita «Pillet » ufasha gukora itomati zo mu makopo. Haruhande y’ubwo bwoko bw’amatomati yatanga umwimbu muke, hariho kandi n’ingorane ifatiye ku vyuma vyari gufasha muri ico gikorwa ngo zari imashini nini cane zisaba umuyagankuba, aho muri ako karere ntihari umuyagankuba ukwiye. Ubushikiranganji bw’ibidukikije, uburimyi n’ubworozi ngo bwaciye buhimiriza abarimyi kwijukira kurima itomati zo mu bwoko bwa « Floladèle » hamwe n’izindi zitwa « Roma », ubwo bwoko nibwo butanga umwimbu mwishi ufasha gukora itomati zo mu makopo.

Uduhinguriro duto duto turafasha mw’iterambere ry’igihugu
Ku kamo Umukuru w’igihugu atera abarwizatunga gushinga udushirahamwe two guhingura umwimbu, Serverien Twagirimana yamenyesheje ko ari umugambi mwiza cane kubera ko ata gihugu gishobora gutera imbere, kidashoboye guhingura umusesekara w’umwimbu cimbura kugira ushobore kubikwa igihe kinini. Ivyo ngo bituma n’igihe atari mu kero k’ico giterwa, gishobora kuboneka kw’isoko. Mu ntumbero yo gushira mu ngiro uwo mugambi w’Umukuru w’igihugu, ngo mu bushikiranganji barategekanya kurima igiterwa kimwe cose mu ntara cimbukamwo, iyo poritike ngo niyo ishobora gutuma umwimbu wiyongera kugira haboneke umusesekara wo guhingura. Ni naco gituma hashizweho ikigo kijejwe kurwiza imbuto ONCS, iyo migambi yose ngo niyo izotuma harwizwa umwimbu mu gihugu.N’aho ikigo CNTA kiri mu bigo ngirakamaro ku gihugu, ngo ntikiri mu bigo bihabwa inguvu nyinshi, aho hari intambamyi yo gushikiriza ubuhinga ababukeneye. Muri ico gikorwa, ngo bakorana n’amashirahamwe mpuzamakungu, aho mu makomine ya Mwakiro na Buhinyuza, mu ntara ya Muyinga, aho bariko barahingura umwimbu w’ibitoke kubera uriko uragwira cane. Mu gikorwa co guhingura umwimbu w’ibitoke, ngo bageze ku buhinga 7, aho muri izo komine bariko barashiraho ibibanza bashobora kwanikirako ibitoke. Ifu ivuye mu gitoki, igashobora gukoreshwa mu buyi, ibitumbura, imikate, n’ibindi. Muri ico gihe, ngo igitoki gishobora gufungurwa cahinduye ishusho ariko kikaguma ari igitoki. Tubamenyeshe ko n’aho mu mirimo y’ikigo CNTA bakarona n’ikigo kijejwe kugenzura ivyinjira mu gihugu ko bikurikije amategeko BBN, ngo bariko barasaba ko gupima ubuziranenge bw’ivyo abantu bafungura bigurishwa mu Burundi vyorabwa n’ikigo CNTA kubera gifise ibikoresho bikwiye. Aho ni mu gihe ikigo BBN ibipimo bimwe bimwe bakeneye gukoresha babikorera mu kigo CNTA hamwe no mu kigo ISABU.

Déo Misigaro

Benigne Iradukunda (Uwimenyereza                                                                                             

 
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