Publications de Presse Burundaise, Rohero I Avenue de la JRR N°17 Immeuble le SAVONNIER, Téléphone standard : (257) 22 22 62 32, Fax :(257) 22 22 58 94, email: pressequotidienne@yahoo.fr

Igihugu c’Ubushinwa ciyemeje kuba hafi Uburundi

chineImigenderanire iri hagati y’ibihugu vy’Uburundi  n’Ubushinwa izobandanya itera imbere. Ivyo vyashikirijwe na Alexis Badia Ndayihimbaze, umuvugizi w’Inama Nshingamateka inyuma y’umubonano umukuru w’Inama Nshingamateka Pascal Nyabenda yari ahejeje guha uwuserukira igihugu c’ubushinwa mu Burundi mushasha Li Changlin. Badia Ndayihimbaze yamenyesheje ko imigenderanire iri hagati y’ibihugu vy’Uburundi n’Ubushinwa ari myiza cane kandi  ikazobandanya itera imbere kurusha.  Uwaje guserukira  igihugu c’Ubushinwa mushasha nawe akaba yamenyesheje ko yasanze amahoro ari yose mu gihugu c’uburundi ngo akazokora uko ashoboye kugira iyo migenderanire itere imbere gusumba. Yaravuze ko igihugu c’ubushinwa cama kiri hafi  Uburundi haba mu migambi mikuru mikuru irangurirwa mu bisata bitandukanye nka  poritike, amagarara y’abantu n’ibindi.Imigenderanire iri hagati y’ibihugu vy’Uburundi  n’Ubushinwa izobandanya itera imbere. Ivyo vyashikirijwe na Alexis Badia Ndayihimbaze, umuvugizi w’Inama Nshingamateka inyuma y’umubonano umukuru w’Inama Nshingamateka Pascal Nyabenda yari ahejeje guha uwuserukira igihugu c’ubushinwa mu Burundi mushasha Li Changlin. Badia Ndayihimbaze yamenyesheje ko imigenderanire iri hagati y’ibihugu vy’Uburundi n’Ubushinwa ari myiza cane kandi  ikazobandanya itera imbere kurusha.  Uwaje guserukira  igihugu c’Ubushinwa mushasha nawe akaba yamenyesheje ko yasanze amahoro ari yose mu gihugu c’uburundi ngo akazokora uko ashoboye kugira iyo migenderanire itere imbere gusumba. Yaravuze ko igihugu c’ubushinwa cama kiri hafi  Uburundi haba mu migambi mikuru mikuru irangurirwa mu bisata bitandukanye nka  poritike, amagarara y’abantu n’ibindi.Ngo baragize umugambi mwiza wo kwubaka ingoro  Umukuru w’igihugu azokoreramwo ikaba igeze kure . Ngo ikindi naco bavuganye Ni uko Inama Nshingamateka y’Uburundi  iriko iragerageza gutsimbataza imigenderanire myiza n’Inama Nshingamateka y’Ubushinwa. 

 Thérèse Niyonkuru                                                   

 

 

Hagiye gushirwaho ikigega c’igihugu co gukingira ibidukikije

DSC 0051douMw’itegeko rishasha ryo gukingira ibidukikije ngo hagiye gushirwaho ikigega c’igihugu kijejwe gukingira ibidukikije. Ico kigega ngo kizofasha kugira ahaba hakorewe ibikorwa vyo gucukura ubutare, kwimba ibikoresho vyo kwubaka, n’ibindi hasubizwe uko hari hameze imbere yo kuharangurira ivyo bikorwa mu ntumbero yo gukingira ibidukikije. Izo ni zimwe mu ngingo ziri mu gitabu ngendarwako co gukingira ibidukikije, igitabu giherutse guhinyanyurwa mu ntumbero y’uko cojana n’ibihe.Itegeko riherutse guhinyanyurwa ryari iryo mu mwaka w’2000, ngo vyari ngombwa ko rihinyanyurwa inyuma y’imyaka 17 ririko rirakoreshwa. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’umuyobozi ajejwe gukingira ibidukikije n’ihindagurika ry’ibihe, Alphonse Polisi, ku wa 26 Nyakanga 2017, mu kiganiro yahaye ikinyamakuru UBUMWE.Mw’itegeko rishasha ryo gukingira ibidukikije ngo hagiye gushirwaho ikigega c’igihugu kijejwe gukingira ibidukikije.

Ico kigega ngo kizofasha kugira ahaba hakorewe ibikorwa vyo gucukura ubutare, kwimba ibikoresho vyo kwubaka, n’ibindi hasubizwe uko hari hameze imbere yo kuharangurira ivyo bikorwa mu ntumbero yo gukingira ibidukikije. Izo ni zimwe mu ngingo ziri mu gitabu ngendarwako co gukingira ibidukikije, igitabu giherutse guhinyanyurwa mu ntumbero y’uko cojana n’ibihe. Itegeko riherutse guhinyanyurwa ryari iryo mu mwaka w’2000, ngo vyari ngombwa ko rihinyanyurwa inyuma y’imyaka 17 ririko rirakoreshwa. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’umuyobozi ajejwe gukingira ibidukikije n’ihindagurika ry’ibihe, Alphonse Polisi, ku wa 26 Nyakanga 2017, mu kiganiro yahaye ikinyamakuru UBUMWE.Nk’uko Alphonse Polisi yabandanije abishikiriza, ngo vyari ngombwa ko igitabu ngenderwako co gukingira ibidukikije gihinyanyurwa kubera cari kimaze imyaka 17 kiriko kirakora. Kuva mu mwaka w’2000 kiriko kirakora, ngo hariho ibikorwa bimwe bimwe  vyagorana gushira mu ngiro kubera ko bidafise ifatiro muri ico gitabu ngenderwako. Vyongeye, ngo ni no muri iyo ntumbero babonye ko ari ngombwa ko hari ibikwiye guhinyanyurwa kubera n’ibihe vyagiye birahindagurika ndetse n’ico gitabu ngenderwako co gukingira ibidukikije kijane n’ibihe vya none, narirya isi ihanzwe n’ihindagurika ry’ibihe n’Uburundi burimwo. Mu gitabu co mu mwaka w’2000, ngo ikibanza c’ihindagurika ry’ibihe nticari mw’itegeko ngenderwako ryo gukingira ibidukikije. Muri kino gihe, ngo ibikorwa biriko birarangurwa n’ibitegekanywa mw’itegeko rya kera ngo wasanga ataco ribivugako, ako rero ngo kari agahaze.

Icifuzo ngo ni uko boshiramwo uruhara rw’umwe n’uwundi mu ntumbero y’uko hoboneka uburyo bwo kurangura ibikorwa biba bikenewe.Bisubiye, ngo hari itegeko riherutse guterwako umukono n’Umukuru w’igihugu  riha ububasha amakomine kugira yitunganirize ibikorwa vy’iterambere. Ayo makomine rero nk’uko yitaho ibikorwa vy’iterambere, ngo ategerezwa kugira uruhara rudasanzwe mu gikorwa co gukingira ibidukikije. Muri iyo nteguro y’itegeko rishasha ryo gukingira ibidukikije rihinyanyuye, ngo amakomine yahawe  ikibanza gikomeye kugira atunganye ibikorwa vy’iterambere muri rusangi, n’ibidukikije bidasigaye inyuma.Amashirahamwe ngo ategerezwa kugira uruhara mw’ikingirwa ry’ibidukikije. Mw’itegeko ryo mu mwaka w’2000, ngo amashirahamwe uruhara rwayo ntirwagaragara mu gikorwa co gukinginira ibidukikije, ubu rero ngo bipfuje ko mw’itegeko rishasha rihinyanyuye ryo mu mwaka w’2017, urwo ruhara rwayo rwoboneka. Ayo mashirahamwe mu gihe akoresha ahanini ibikoresho bivuye mu bidukikije, ngo ategerezwa kugira uruhara rwo kubikingira. Kuri ivyo, ngo muri iryo tegeko barategekanya gushiraho ikigega c’igihugu cofasha gukingira ibidukikije, kubera mw’itegeko ryo mu mwaka w’2000, ako ngo kari gahaze. Ico kigega ngo categekanijwe kugira aharangurirwa ibikorwa nk’ivyo gucukura ubutare, kwimba ibikoresho vyo kwubaka hasubizwe uko hari hameze.Ivyo rero ngo birafasha gusubiza akanovera isi, ariko ngo bisaba uburyo bwinshi. Abo rero ngo baba baranguye ibikorwa mwene ivyo, nabo nyene  bategerezwa kugira ico baterereye babicishije muri ico kigega co gukingira ibidukikije. Amahinguriro nk’uko mu mirimo ajejwe ari uguteza imbere ubutunzi bw’igihugu, ngo mu bushikiranganji bw’amazi, ibidukikije no gutunganya amatongo n’ibisagara baremeza ko ata terambere rirama rishoboka ibidukikije bidakingiwe. Ku bwiwe rero, ngo nk’amahinguriro akoresha amazi mu mirimo yayo ya minsi yose, ngo ategerezwa gukora ibishoboka kugira ayo mazi akingirwe agume ari meza. Mu gihe mw’itegeko rya kera hari abavuga ko ibihano bitegekanywa ku bonona ibidukikije bidafashe, uwo muyobozi yamenyesheje ko ibidukikije ata gaciro bifise kubera amafaranga atangwa adashobora gusubirira ico kinyabuzima. Aho yatanze akarorero k’umusiba ufasha kumanyura intabire kugira icike utuvunji, gutyo igiterwa gishobore kuyinunuza bigatuma umwimbu urwira. Mw’isi ndimwa naho, ngo urafasha kubera aho uciye uhasiga utunogo dufasha umwuka isi ikeneye winjira ariwo « oxygène ». Ivyo binyabuzima rero ngo bipfuye, ntibiheza ngo bisubirizwe ndetse bigashobora gutuma n’isi iba urutare. Muri iryo tegeko rishasha, ngo amahadabu yaradugijwe mu ntumbero y’uko abantu botinya kwonona ibidukikije n’ibinyabuzima bibayo. Umuyobozi w’ibidukikije n’ihindagurika ry’ibihe atera akamo abarundi kwijukira gukingira ibidukikije kuko ngo uko abantu barwira niko ibidukikije bigenda bigabanuka. Eka ngo vyobaye vyiza abantu bamenyereye kubana n’ibidukikije kugira tubeho navyo bibeho.     

  Déo Misigaro                                                                                                

 

Abarwizatunga bo mu gihugu c’ubushinwa ngo bagiye kuzana imitahe mu Burundi

reverioUwuserukira igihugu c’Ubushinwa mu Burundi mushasha, Li Changlin amenyesha ko abarwizatunga bo mu ngihugu c’Ubushinwa bagiye kuzana imitahe yabo mu Burundi.Ivyo akaba yabivuze ,inyuma y’ umubonano yari ahejeje guhabwa n’umukuru w’Inama Nkenguzamateka, Révérien  Ndikuriyo kw’igenkerezo rya 26 Nyakanga 2017.Uwuserukira igihugu c’Ubushinwa mu Burundi mushasha, Li Changlin amenyesha ko abarwizatunga bo mu ngihugu c’Ubushinwa bagiye kuzana imitahe yabo mu Burundi.Ivyo akaba yabivuze ,inyuma y’ umubonano yari ahejeje guhabwa n’umukuru w’Inama Nkenguzamateka, Révérien  Ndikuriyo kw’igenkerezo rya 26 Nyakanga 2017.Umuvugizi w’Inama Nkenguzamateka, Gabby Bugaga nawe akaba yaramenyesheje ko muri uwo mubonano, Umukuru w’Inama Nkenguzamateka n’uwugiye guserukira igihugu c’Ubushinwa mu Burundi bavuganye ibijanye no gutsimbataza imigenderanire myiza isanzwe hagati y’igihugu c’Ubushinwa n’Uburundi, mbere bakaba bashimikiye ku gisata c’ubudandaji mu ntumbero yo guhimiriza abarwizatunga bo mu gihugu c’ubushinwa kuzana imitahe hano mu Burundi.Ivyo ngo bikaba ari ivyavuye mu rugendo umukuru w’Inama Nkenguzamateka , Révérien  Ndikuriyo yari yagize mu gihugu c’Ubushinwa mu minsi iheze aho yari yagiranye ibiganiro n’abarwizatunga bo mu gihugu c’Ubushinwa bakorera mu bisata bitandukanye. Twobamenyesha ko inyuma y’uwo mubanano, uwo agiye guserukira igihugu c’Ubushinwa mu Burundi, Li Changlin yashize umukono  mu gitabu c’iteka co mu Nama Nkenguzamateka. Umukuru w’Inama  Nkenguzamateka , Révérien  Ndikuriyo akaba yarahaye akaganuke ambasaderi  Li Changlin.   

  Anitha Bizimana (Uwimenyereza)                      

 

Imigenderanire hagati y’Uburundi n’Ubushinwa ngo ikomeza itera imbere

 

DSC 0236Ambasaderi w’Ubushinwa mu Burundi Li Changlin amenyesha ko yaje guserukira igihugu ciwe mu Burundi mu gihe imigenderanire n’ugufashanya hagati y’Ubushinwa n’Uburundi bisanzwe vyifashe neza mbere ikomeza itera imbere. Ivyo yabimenyesheje ku wa 28 nyakanga 2017 mu gihe Ubushinwa n’abashinwa bari mu Burundi bahimbaza imyaka 68 Republika y’Ubushinwa ishingiye ku ntwaro ya gikomunista ibayeho. Ambasaderi w’Ubushinwa mu Burundi Li Changlin amenyesha ko yaje guserukira igihugu ciwe mu Burundi mu gihe imigenderanire n’ugufashanya hagati y’Ubushinwa n’Uburundi bisanzwe vyifashe neza mbere ikomeza itera imbere. Ivyo yabimenyesheje ku wa 28 nyakanga 2017 mu gihe Ubushinwa n’abashinwa bari mu Burundi bahimbaza imyaka 68 Republika y’Ubushinwa ishingiye ku ntwaro ya gikomunista ibayeho.

 Ngo iyo migenderanire myiza ikaba yagaragajwe n’urugendo rw’icegera c’Umukuru w’igihugu c’Ubushinwa mu Burundi muri Rusama 2017. Mu nyuma umushikiranganji w’imigenderanire y’Uburundi n’ayandi makungu Alain Nyamitwe ngo yaragendeye igihugu c’Ubushinwa muri Ntwarante uwu mwaka w’2017 mbere n’Umukuru w’Inama Nkenguzamateka, Révérien Ndikuriyo akaba aherutse kugendera Ubushinwa. Bisubiye ngo uwu mwaka Ubushinwa buzoha imfashanyo Uburundi y’imiriyoni 200 z’amahera y’Ubushinwa azokora mu migambi ibiri. Iyo nayo ngo izofasha kwubaka urugomero rw’umuyagankuba ku ruzi Ruzibazi hamwe n’ikigo c’uburimyi kigiye gutangura hamwe n’ingoro y’Umukuru w’igihugu igiye kurangira kwubakwa. Ubushinwa kandi ngo buzobandanya buduza igitigiri c’abanyeshure baja kwiga mu Bushinwa hamwe n’abaja gukarisha ubwenge mu gihe gito. Ngo bugiye no kurwiza imigambi yo gufashanya mu bijanye n’imico kama mbere hakaba himirije kuza mu Burundi umurwi w’abahinga b’abashinwa mu vy’imico kama. Yaboneyeho akaryo ko gusaba abarundi kuzoja kuratira ijisho ukugene uwo murwi uzoba uvuye i Mongolie uzoba uriko urerekana ubuhinga mu kigo ca kaminuza c’i Kiriri ku wa 10 Gitugutu 2017 isaha cumi n’imwe z’umugoroba no ku wa 11 Gitugutu 2017 nyene isaha icenda z’umuhingamo.  Yamenyesheje kandi ko kurwiza umwimbu bituma igihugu gitekana kandi gitera imbere. Yaboneyeho akaryo ko kumenyesha ko Ubushinwa buzosubira kuronsa Reta y’Uburundi imfashanyo y’umuceri wo kugarukira ku bahuye n’inzara, bakazotanga amatoni 5.000 y’umuceri nk’ayo batanze mu mwaka uheze w’2016.   Naho biri uko ngo hari umugani w’ubushinwa uvuga ko aho guha ifi umuntu womwigisha kuyirobera. Ngo ni muri iyo ntumbero abahinga b’abashinwa bariko barafasha Uburundi kurwiza na gatatu umwimbu w’umuceri.

Ngo ni muri iyo ntumbero umushikiranganji w’uburimyi n’ubworozi arongoye intumwa za ba buramatari n’abasitanteri bagiye kurahura ubwenge mu Bushinwa. Aho ngo ni ukugira Uburundi ntibusubire kugurira umuceri mu bindi bihugu. Yarongeye amenyesha ko muri kino gihe Ubushinwa ari igihugu giteye imbere kandi gifasha ibindi bihugu kugarukana amahoro no kwiteza imbere. Bisubiye ngo inama nkuru y’umugambwe igira 19 igiye kuba mu minsi iri imbere. Yamenyesheje ko Uburundi buzotsinda ingorane bwaciyemwo ku buryo kazoza kagiye kuba keza mu gutsimbataza amahoro no guteza imbere ubutunzi. Ubushinwa nabwo nk’igihugu kigenzi c’Uburundi ngo buzobandanya bufasha Uburundi. Ahiwe ngo uwo aserukira igihugu c’Ubushinwa azokorana n’abarundi mu gutsimbataza iterambere n’ubucuti hagati y’ivyo bihugu. Umunyamabanga ntayegayezwa mu bushikiranganji bw’imigenderanire no gufashanya n’ayandi makungu Jean de Dieu Ndikumana nawe yaramenyesheje ko uwo aserukira igihugu c’Ubushinwa mu Burundi   asanzwe amenyereye Uburundi kuko yigeze kuba mu Burundi kuva mu mwaka w’2007 gushika mu mwaka w’2010. Uburundi ngo burashima imigenderanire no gufashanya biri hagati y’ivyo bihugu.

 Epitace Nduwayo

 

Mu gihe c’irima ry’agatasi ngo imvura ishobora kuzoba nke mu bice bitandukanye vy’Uburundi

 

DSC 0003Abarimyi ngo bashobora gusohora imbuto kugira bateragire mu ntango z’ukwezi kwa Gitugutu. Kuva mu kwezi kwa Gitugutu gushika muri Kigarama, bisunze uko ibirere bizoba bimeze, ngo imvura izogwa ishobora kuba nke cane cane mu bice vyo mu gihugu hagati no mu buseruko, mu burengero ishobora kuzoba nkeya. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’umuyobozi ajejwe imvura n’imiyaga, Aloys Rurantije, ku wa 21 Nyakanga 2017, mu nama yatunganijwe n’ubuyobozi bukuru bw’ikigo kijejwe, ibirere, imvura n’imiyaga (IGEBU), mu ntumbero yo kumenyesha abarimyi-borozi uko imvura izoba yifashe mu gihe c’irima ry’agatasi. Abarimyi ngo bashobora gusohora imbuto kugira bateragire mu ntango z’ukwezi kwa Gitugutu. Kuva mu kwezi kwa Gitugutu gushika muri Kigarama, bisunze uko ibirere bizoba bimeze, ngo imvura izogwa ishobora kuba nke cane cane mu bice vyo mu gihugu hagati no mu buseruko, mu burengero ishobora kuzoba nkeya. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’umuyobozi ajejwe imvura n’imiyaga, Aloys Rurantije, ku wa 21 Nyakanga 2017, mu nama yatunganijwe n’ubuyobozi bukuru bw’ikigo kijejwe, ibirere, imvura n’imiyaga (IGEBU), mu ntumbero yo kumenyesha abarimyi-borozi uko imvura izoba yifashe mu gihe c’irima ry’agatasi.

 Nk’uko umuyobozi ajejwe imvura n’imiyaga mu kigo IGEBU, Aloys Rurantije yabandanije abishikiriza, ngo mu bice vyo mu gihugu no mu buseruko, imvura ngo irahari ariko ikaba nke, mu burengero naho ishobora kuba nkeya. Iyo nama rero ngo yatunganijwe kugira bashikirize abarimyi-borozi uko imvura izokwigenza mu gihe c’irima ry’agatasi kugira bashobore kumenya igihe bashobora gusohora imbuto ngo bateragire. Igihe imvura ishobora gushika hasi kugira abarimyi basohore imbuto ngo ni mu ntango z’ukwezi kwa Gitugutu. Ariko ngo mu bice vya Kumoso n’Imbo, ngo imvura ishobora gutangura kugwa neza itevye gatoya. Abarimyi ngo boba barategura indimiro zabo na cane cane bakaja baregera abayobozi b’uburimyi n’ubworozi mu ntara kugira baze barababwira inyifato bagira. Iyo nama itegekanya uko ibirere bizoba bimeze, ngo ahanini igenewe abajejwe uburimyi n’ubworozi kugira nabo bashobore gutanga inkuru y’imvaho ku barimyi-borozi. Ivyo rero ngo birafasha abarimyi kugira bamenye imbuto bateragira baravye urugero imvura izogwako n’igihe izogwirako.  Mu gihe c’agatasi rero, ngo ibiza bishobora kuzoba bike kubera ko bimwe bita El Nino vyabaye mu mwaka w’2016, ubu rero ngo ni igihushane c’ivyo kubera ni La Nina, ariko ngo ntikiraba neza. Ubu rero ngo baracariko barabikurikirana bisigura ko imvura ko ishobora kugwa ku rugero rutoya ugereranije n’iyahora igwa mu gihe c’agatasi. Kubona rero bashikirije ayo makuru ategekanya uko ibirere bizoba vyifashe, vyatumwe n’uko ayo makuru atangwa babanje gukorana n’ibihugu bigize akarere, uko ibihe bizoba vyifashe mu karere, gutyo bagaheza bagategura uko ibihe bizogenda aha iwacu. Iyo nama yo mu karere yabereye mw’izinga rya Zanzibar, mu gihugu ca Tanzaniya.     

 Déo Misigaro                                                                                                          

 

Ibihingurirwa mu Burundi ngo bitegerezwa kwisunga amategeko y’amasoko yo mu karere na mpuzamakungu

 

DSC 0009koAbarwizatunga bafise amahinguriro basabwa kurwiza umwimbu w’ibihingurirwa mu Burundi na cane cane bakabikora bisunze amategeko agenga amasoko yo mu karere na mpuzamakungu. Eka ngo nta nkeka ko ibihinguriwe mu Burundi bishobora guhiganwa n’ibindi vyo mu bindi bihugu, ivyo navyo ngo vyotuma Uburundi bugurira hanze ibidandazwa bike ndetse bikanashora hanze ibidandazwa vyinshi, gutyo amafaranga y’agaciro yo kugura ivyo bidandazwa yoheza akagabanuka.  Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’umuyobozi w’ikigo kijejwe kworohereza abazana imitahe mu Burundi API, Didace Ngendakumana, ku wa 27 Nyakanga 2017, mu nama yari igenewe abarwizatunga bafise amahinguriro 40 ashobora gufasha gushorera ibihingurirwa mu Burundi ku masoko yo mu karere no ku masoko mpuzamakungu.Abarwizatunga bafise amahinguriro basabwa kurwiza umwimbu w’ibihingurirwa mu Burundi na cane cane bakabikora bisunze amategeko agenga amasoko yo mu karere na mpuzamakungu. Eka ngo nta nkeka ko ibihinguriwe mu Burundi bishobora guhiganwa n’ibindi vyo mu bindi bihugu, ivyo navyo ngo vyotuma Uburundi bugurira hanze ibidandazwa bike ndetse bikanashora hanze ibidandazwa vyinshi, gutyo amafaranga y’agaciro yo kugura ivyo bidandazwa yoheza akagabanuka.  Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’umuyobozi w’ikigo kijejwe kworohereza abazana imitahe mu Burundi API, Didace Ngendakumana, ku wa 27 Nyakanga 2017, mu nama yari igenewe abarwizatunga bafise amahinguriro 40 ashobora gufasha gushorera ibihingurirwa mu Burundi ku masoko yo mu karere no ku masoko mpuzamakungu.Nk’uko Umuyobozi w’ikigo API, Didace Ngendakumana yabandanije abishikiriza, ngo ibihingurirwa mu Burundi birashobora guhiganwa n’ibindi bidandazwa bihungurirwa mu karere Uburundi burimwo. Ivyo bihingurirwa mu Burundi ngo vyokorwa vyisunze amategeko y’amasoko yo mu karere na mpuzamakungu, ivyo ngo vyofasha kugira amafaranga y’agaciro yiyongere mu kigega ca Reta. Mu mwaka w’2007, ngo ibidandazwa Uburundi bugura hanze n’ivyo bushora ku masoko mpuzamakungu ngo vyatumye ikigega ca Reta  gitakaza imiriyoni 366 z’amadorari y’abanyamerika. Mu mwaka w’2015,  urugero rw’ibidandazwa Uburundi bukura hanze n’ivyo bushora hanze hari ubusumbane bw’imiriyoni 730 z’amadorari y’abanyamerika. Ariko ngo hagati y’umwaka w’1960 n’umwaka w’2005, ngo Uburundi bwarashoye hanze ibisumba ivyo bwaguze hanze mu kiringo c’imyaka ibiri.

Iyo myaka nayo ni umwaka w’1964, aho ibishorwa hanze vyasumba ivyaguzwe hanze ku rugero rw’imiriyoni 5 z’amadorari y’abanyamerika hamwe n’umwaka w’1977, aho urwo rugero rwari hafi y’imiriyoni 2 z’amadorari y’abanyamerika.Ingorane zituma tugurira hanze vyinshi gusumba ivyo dushorera hanze ngo ahanini zitumwa na kahise k’igihugu. Ariko rero ngo kubona muri iyo myaka ibiri Uburundi bwarashoboye gushorera hanze ibisumba ivyo bwaguze, n’ubu ngo birashoboka. Igikenewe ngo n’uko inzego zitandukanye zoja hamwe kugira baduze umwimbu. Ubu rero ngo nta nkeka ko amahinguriro yo mu Burundi ashobora kurwiza ivyo ashorera ku masoko yo mu karere no ku masoko mpuzamakungu kubera ko ikibazo c’umuyagankuba bari bafise kiriko kiratorerwa umuti. Abarwizatunga rero basabwa kuja ku kivi barwize umwimbu w’ibihingurirwa mu Burundi  kugira bungukire kuri ayo masoko Uburundi burimwo, ayo nayo mw’ishirahamwe ryo muri Afrika y’ubuseruko, ishirahamwe ry’ibihugu vyo muri Afrika y’ubuseruko n’ubumanuko SADEC hamwe n’iryo muri CEEAC.  Ku kibazo co kumenya uko bazorwiza umwimbu no mu gisata c’uburimyi usa n’uwudakwiye, Didace Ngendakumana yamenyesheje ko kurwiza umwimbu mu gisata c’uburimyi bifata umwanya mutoya. Ariko ngo ivyo ni nkenerwa kubera ko n’ayo mahinguriro niho azoheza akaronka ivyankenerwa akoresha mu guhingura ivyo ashorera muri ayo masoko. Umwimbu mu gisata c’uburimyi ngo uzokwiyongera kubera ko hari abarwizatunga bariko barashira imitahe muri ico gisata. Ku rwaruka, ango Reta y’Uburundi yamenyesheje ko hagiye kuboneka ibanki izohora ironsa ingurane urwaruka kugira narwo rubicishije mu makoperative rushobore kwitunganiriza imigambi yo kwiteza imbere. 

Déo Misigaro                                                                                                 

 
Ouvrir