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Inama y’umuryango wa EAC ihariwe igisata c’ibitoro izobera mu Burundi ngo izoba ngirakamaro ku barundi

NATAAAIshirahamwe ry’ibihugu vya Afrika y’ubuseruko ryama ritungunya uko myaka ibiri iheze inama y’uwo muryango ihariwe igisata c’ibitoro mu ntumbero yo kwiga ukungene ico gisata cotezwa imbere muri kano karere. Iyo nama ikaba isanzwe itegekanijwe mu ngingo ya 19 n’iya 20 y’amasezerano ashinga uwo muryango. Ivyo vyamenyeshejwe n’umushikiranganji w’amasoko ntanganguvu n’ubutare, Côme Manirakiza igihe yariko aremesha ikiganiro ku bamenyeshamakuru ku wa 19 Rusama 2017. Akaba yaciye amenyesha kandi ko ari muri iyo ntumbero kuva mu 2003 hamaze gutunganywa inama indwi, ibihugu vya Tanzaniya, Ouganda na Kenya bikaba ngo bimaze gutunganya inama zibiri, zibiri. Urwanda narwo ngo rukaba arirwo ruherutse kwakira iyo nama mu mwaka w’2015. Yarongeye kandi amenyesha ko igihugu c’Uburundi arico kigiye kwakira inama guhera kuva ku 7 gushika igenekerezo ry’9 Ruheshi 2017. Nk’uko umushikiranganji ,Côme Manirakiza yabandanije abivuga, ngo inama nk’izo zifise akamaro ntangere kuko zituma abakorera muri ico gisata bahanahana ivyiyumviro kugira bateze imbere ico gisata muri aka karere bakumvikana imigambi n’ubuhinga boshira imbere bakoreye hamwe ku neza y’abanyagihugu n’ibi bihugu bigize umuryango wa Afrika y’ubuseruko. Ngo kazoba ari akaryo abakorera muri ico gisata bazoba baronse kugira bamenyekanishe ivyo barangura kugira bafashe guteza imbere ibihugu vy’akarere ka Afrika y’ubuseruko mbere bakanarata ivyiza bitandukanye bifatiye ku mico, imigenzo n’ibidukikije muri iki gice ca Afrika y’ubuseruko. Mu minsi itatu iyo nama izomara, abazoyitaba baturutse mu mihingo yose y’isi ngo bakazoronka akaryo ko guhanahana ivyiyumviro vyotuma ivyigwa vy’ubuhinga bitera imbere muri iki gisata bafashijwe n’abahinga babinonosoye. Umushikiranganji Manirakiza akaba yaciye aboneraho gutumira abo bose bavyifuza kwitaba iyo nama kugira bigireho ubuhinga buzotuma ico gisata c’ibitoro gitera imbere kandi kigateza imbere n’ibihugu vyo mu karere. Yaciye kandi aboneraho kumenyesha abanyamahanga ko Uburundi n’abarundi babarindiranye igishika. Abamanyeshamakuru baciye baboneraho kubaza umushikiranganji ikibazo kijanye n’ikena ry’igitoro, na we akaba yaciye abamenyesha ko ahumurije abanyagihugu ko igitoro kigiye kuboneka mu minsi iri mbere. Yaranamenyeheje ko havugwa vyinshi ko coba kizanwa n’umuntu umwe canke ko Tanzaniya yanse ko kirengana ariko ngo nta ngorane n’imwe Uburundi bufitaniye n’igihugu ca Tanzaniya.

Christine Manirambona          

 

Inkuru zijanye n’ubutunzi zitohojwe neza ngo zirafise uruhara rukomeye mw’iterambere ry’igihugu

poooawAbamenyeshamakuru ngo barashobora kugira uruhara rukomeye mw’iterambere ry’igihugu mu gihe bafise ubumenyi bukwiye ku bijanye n’ubutunzi n’iterambere ry’igihugu. Ivyo vyamenyeshejwe n’icegera ca kabiri c’umukuru w’Ibanki nkuru y’igihugu BRB Annonciata Sendazirasa ku wa 23 Rusama 2017 mu gihe yariko yugurura inama ya mbere hagati y’abamenyeshamakuru bitaho ibijanye n’ubutunzi hamwe n’Ibanki nkuru y’igihugu BRB. Yamenyesheje ko arico catumye Ibanki nkuru y’igihugu BRB ishiraho inyigisho ku bamenyeshamkuru mu ntumbero yo guhanahana ivyiyumviro n’abanyagihugu na cane cane abamenyeshamakuru ku bijanye n’ubutunzi hamwe n’iterambere kuva mu mpera z’umwaka w’2014. Izo nama ngo zatumye abamenyeshamakuru n’abakozi bakuru bakuru ba BRB bashobora gukorera hamwe gutyo bakagira uruhara mw’iterambere ry’igihugu bafadikanije. Ngo bisubiye inkuru y’imvaho irafasha mu bijanye n’ubutunzi hamwe n’imibano ariko bagasaba ko uwushikiriza iyo nkuru abanza kuba ayumva ubwiwe. Yamenyesheje kandi ko intumbero y’Ibanki nkuru y’igihugu BRB ari ugucungera iduga ry’ibiciro, ibijanye n’ubutunzi hamwe no gushiraho poritike yotuma ubutunzi bw’igihugu budahungabana. Niko kumenyesha ko mu nama zabaye mu mwaka w’2015 no mu mwaka w’2016 ngo harashikirijwe ikiganiro kijanye no gucungera iduga ry’ibiciro hamwe n’ikijanye n’uko amahera atota agaciro. Ngo harashikirijwe n’ibijanye n’iterambere ry’isoko y’ubutunzi mu Burundi, ibijanye n’uko amahera atota agaciro n’uruhara rwa BRB, ukugene BRB ifasha mw’imwishirwa mu ngiro rya poritike y’amahera Reta ikoresha ku mwaka ku mwaka na poritike ijanye n’amahera. Uwo munsi naho ngo kwari ukurabira hamwe ibijanye n’uburyo bwo kuronsa amahera abanyagihugu n’abayabaronsa. Kuva na kera na rindi ngo abanyagihugu bamye bahanahana ibintu bakoresheje uburyo bwinshi ariko bikaba vyagiye birahinduka uko ibintu vyagiye biratera imbere gushika aho bihanahanwa biciye mu mahera y’ibingorongoro gushika ku noti. Ngo ni muri iyo ntumbero Ibanki nkuru y’igihugu BRB yashizeho inoti nshasha ari naco kiganiro cashikirijwe uwo munsi kugira abamenyeshamakuru bategere neza intambamyi BRB igira n’umuti itegekanya. Yamenyesheje kandi ko BRB yipfuza gukorana n’abamenyeshamakuru bitaho igisata c’ubutunzi kuko vyotuma bashikiriza inkuru zitohojwe neza. Niko gusaba abamenyeshamakuru kwirinda gushikiriza inkuru zica ivutu na cane cane mu gihe batazitohoje neza kuko abantu boca bihebura bavuga ko buca bataronka ivyo basuma kw’isoko. Imbere yo gushikiriza ivyo biganiro bibiri vyari bitegekanijwe abameyeshamakuru babanje kwibutswa amabanga Ibanki nkuru y’igihugu BRB ijejwe, ayo nayo akaba ari nk’ugukora inoti n’ibingorongoro no gucungera ukugene amahera akoreshwa. Ibanki nkuru y’igihugu ngo niyo bushinguro bwa Reta, ikaba yimirije kandi gushinga urugero ntarengwa rw’inyungu amabanki y’ubudandaji yaka abanywanyi basavye ingurane. Ivyo ngo biri mu nteguro y’Ibwirizwa rigenga amabanki y’ubudandaji hamwe n’amashirahamwe yo kuziganya no kuguranana.

Epitace Nduwayo

 

Uburundi ngo buri mu bihugu vya mbere vyorohereza abarwizatunga gushinga amashirahamwe

sdoipUburundi ngo buri mu bihugu vya mbere kw’isi vyorohereza abarwizatunga n’abanyamitahe, mbere bukaba bufise ikibanza kigira 19 mu bihugu 190. Ivyo vyashikirijwe na Shadrack Niyonkuru ajejwe gukurikirana umugambi wo kworohereza abarwizatunga n’abanyamitahe, mu nama Icegera ca kabiri c’Umukuru w’igihugu Joseph Butore yagirishije abagize urwego rwo hejuru rujejwe ivyo gukurikirana iyoroherezwa ry’abarwizatunga n’abanyamitahe mu Burundi. Shadrack Niyonkuru yamenyesheje ko intumbero y’iyo nama kwari ukurabira hamwe ivyaranguwe kugira horoherezwe abanyamitahe n’abarwizatunga. Ngo uko umwaka utashe mu mpera z’ ukwezi kwa Gitugutu Ibanki y’isi yose iratanga amanota ku bihugu mu ntumbero yo kubihimiriza ngo vyorohereze abarwizatunga n’abanyamitahe. Ngo mu Burundi uwo mugambi wagiyeho kuva mu mwaka w’2010, hakaba hariho inzego zikurikirana ishirwa mu ngiro ry’imigambi yo kworohereza abarwizatunga n’abanyamitahe mu Burundi. Urwo rwego rukaba rurongowe n’Icegera ca kabiri c’Umukuru w’igihugu, Joseph Butore hakaba harimwo n’abashikiranganji benshi bafise uruhara muri iryo shirwa mu ngiro ryo kworohereza abarwizatunga n’abanyamitahe. Ngo kw’igenekerezo rya 31 Rusama 2017 ibihugu vyose bishaka kw’Ibanki y’isi yose ibiha amanota ku bijanye n’ukworohereza abarwizatunga n’abanyamitahe birarungika icegeranyo mw’Ibanki y’isi yose bagaca babikorerako, bakaraba amategeko ahari hanyuma bagaca batanga amanota ku gihugu. Ngo imigambi yakozwe ngo bariko bariga kugirango ico cegeranyo gitunganywe neza hanyuma babirungike mw’Ibanki y’isi yose imbere y’igenekerezo rya 31 Rusama 2017 hanyuma iyo banki ice ikorera ku migambi yakozwe hanyuma bace batanga amanota ku bihugu. Ngo mu migambi yaranguwe harimwo intambwe y’amashirahamwe y’abikorera ivyabo kugirango ashobore gushingwa. Kuri ivyo rero ngo hari vyinshi vyakozwe. Ngo ikindi caranguwe ni uko bashinze ibiro bimwe kugira ubuzi bwa   Reta bukenewe gukoreramwo kugirango nk’uwuje akeneye gushinga ishirahamwe aze avugana n’umuntu umwe. Ngo ikindi ni ikijanye no kuronka uruhusha rwo kwubaka, kugura inzu n’ibindi. Ngo mu kwubaka harashizweho itegeko rijanye n’ukwubaka ryaremejwe mu Nama Nshingamateka n’Umukuru w’igihugu ararishirako umukono kandi ivyo biri mu bituma Uburundi buronka amanota. Ngo ikindi ni ibijanye n’urupapuro rwekerana nyene inzu, kuri ico ngo hari vyinshi vyakozwe. Ngo ikindi naco ni uko amatagisi yahora atangwa ku modoka bayakuye, ivyo navyo nyene bikazotuma igihugu gitera imbere. Yarongeye aravuga ko mu minsi iri mbere bazoriha amatagisi muri OBR bakoresheje terefone.

Thérèse Niyonkuru

                                                                        

 

Impari ziri mu Burundi ngo zirashobora guhera hakoreshejwe ijambo «ukuri»

kokokKaminuza y’Uburundi igisata ca «Chaire Unesco» ifadikanije n’ishure ry’umwizero hamwe n’ishirahamwe Caritas Burundi ryaratunganije ikiganiro kigira 4 ku bijanye n’ingene hoba gutatura amatati. Intumbero y’ico kiganiro kukaba kwari ukurabira hamwe ingene abantu bogerageza kwirinda amatati hamwe n’ingene abayafise bobatatura mu kurondera umuti w’icayateye ata nganda zirinze gutikira. Aho naho ngo ica mbere kiza imbere y’ibindi kukaba ari ukurondera ukuri ku vyabaye ari nayo ntango yo kurekuriranira. Mw’ijambo ryiwe ryo kwugurura ico kiganiro, umunyamabanga nshingwabikorwa mw’ishirahamwe Caritas Burundi, Jean Bosco Nintunze yamenyesheje ko kenshi abarundi bavuga ko amatati ari mu gihugu c’Uburundi ava ku moko ariko ku bwiwe ngo sivyo ngo ni amatati ari hagati mu bantu. Ku bw’ivyo ngo hakenewe ko haba ukwubahana, umuntu akubaha mugenzi we, akamwubahira ivyo avuga, umuntu kandi ngo akubaha ibivugwa na Reta. Ikindi gikenewe ngo ni ugutahurana n’ibindi. Patiri Désiré Niyibizi yaserukiye ishirahamwe Caritas Burundi yatanze inyigisho yamenyesheje ko ahari abantu hama urunturuntu. Ahari abantu kenshi ngo hari igihe usanga hari ibibaciramwo gutyo ugasanga abashamiranye bahiga kugiriranira nabi n’ibindi. Muri ico gihe naho ngo haca hakenerwa abantu b’abizigirwa,b’ijunja n’ijambo kugira babasubize hamwe babuzurize. Ngo hari igihe hakenerwa mbere n’amasezerano kugirango ubuzima bubandanye. Ibintu bishobora gutandukanya abantu ngo ni vyinshi kandi ngo iyo amatati ahabaye araheza agahungabanya abantu. Hambavu y’ivyo ngo hari n’inyifato zitabereye umuntu ashobora kugira maze bigatuma haduka amatati. Muri izo nyifato ngo harimwo inyifato yo kwigumya no kubika mu nda gushika bimusambukanye, ngo ugasanga hugawe ubucuti hagati y’abatase n’izindi. Iruhande y’izo nyifato zose rero ngo si ukuguma hamwe ahubwo ngo ni ukurondera umuti w’icayateye. Kugira bigende neza ngo ni ukurondera umwanya ukwiye, ikibanza, uburyo hamwe n’abantu bafasha kwuzuriza abatase, ivyo vyose kugira ngo umuntu wese yiyumve neza, yisanzure. Zénon Manirakiza yatanze inyigisho ku bijanye n’ukuri kubohora yamenyesheje ko amatati ava kenshi ku gushaka gushikira inyungu z’uyu n’uriya. Ngo abavuga ko ava ku bantu badasangiye ubwoko ngo si vyo kuko hari abapfa amatongo canke ibindi no kwicana bakicana. Ku bwiwe rero ngo umuryango mwiza ni uwamana intahe. Ngo Uburundi bwaciye mu bihe vy’urwimo n’uruhagarara, ngo kumenyesha ukuri ku vyabaye rero muri kahise ngo niyo ntambwe yo kurekuriranira. Ukuri ngo ni umuheto wo gutuza ikinyoma, kikaba kandi umuco ucagagura umwijima. Zénon Manirakiza aremeza ko impari ziri mu Burundi zishobora guhera hakoreshejwe ijambo ukuri kuko ngo muri kahise havomwa vyinshi kandi ngo si abavuga ukuri babuze ngo habuze akaryo ko kwicarana bakayaga gusa. Yaciye asaba abantu ko bohurumbira gukoresha ukuri kuko ariyo ntambwe yo kurekuriranira.

Estella Niyongere

 

Reta ngo izokwitaho abanyeshure bafise ubumenyi kurusha abandi kugira nabo bazogirire akamaro igihugu

vdeUmukuru w’igihugu Petero NKURUNZIZA amenyesha ko Reta yarafashe ingingo y’uko abana bazi ubwenge kurusha abandi bazokwitabwaho ku buryo ifise mu ntumbero yo kubateza imbere babe incabwenge bagirire akamaro igihugu, abavyeyi babo, Afrika n’isi yose. Ivyo yabimenyesheje ku wa 26 Rusama 2017, igihe yagendera ishure ry’akarorero ryitiriwe umweranda Mariko ryo muri zone Ngagara, muri karitiye y’icumi, komine Ntahangwa, mu gisagara ca Bujumbura, mu ntumbero yo kwirabira ukugene abana biga mu mwaka w’indwi barushije abandi biga. Prezida NKURUNZIZA yaboneyeho akaryo ko kumenyesha ko ubutunzi bwa mbere atari amahera canke ubutare ahubwo ari abantu baciye ubwenge, bafise ubukerebutsi n’ubumenyi. Niko kumenyesha ko no mu bindi bihugu abana baciye ubwenge kurusha abandi bigishirizwa ukwabo kuko aribo bagaruka bagateza imbere igihugu; ivyo rero ngo ntibigizwe mu Burundi gusa. Icibonekeje kandi ngo ni uko n’abo igihugu carungitse kwiga mu bindi bihugu bahejeje amashure yisumbuye baciye babagumya, hafi ibice 80 kw’ijana bagiye kwiga hanze ngo ntibagarutse kuko bazi ko ubutunzi bwa mbere ari abantu baciye ubwenge. Yarongeye kwiyemeza ko abana baciye ubwenge kurusha abandi Reta izobashigikira kurusha abo mu yandi mashure. Yamenyesheje abo bana bo mu mwaka w’indwi ko ivyo basavye bimwe bazobishikako mu mwaka uza, ibindi mu mwaka wundi.Naho biri uko ngo mu kiringo kitarenze imyaka ibiri ibisabwa vyose bazoba babishitseko. Abo bana nabo akaba yabasavye kwiga neza bibuka ko ayo mahera ari ikori ritangwa n’abanyagihugu bose gutyo bibuke ko ari ideni bazosubiza igihugu cabo. Yabamenyesheje ko bazobafungurira neza kuko hakora mu nda, mu mwaka uza naho bazoca bagira akigoro kadasanzwe. Ivyerekeye impuzu navyo nyene yabamenyesheje ko bazobikora kuko nabo bazobisubiza igihugu incuro igihumbi. Noneho ngo n’ibindi bihugu bitejwe imbere n’abantu bafise ubumenyi bukwiye kandi bafise n’ubukerebutsi. Niko kumenyesha ko akeza kigura nk’uko ba sogokuru bamye babivuga. Yabifurije gutera imbere nk’umuzinga, aca abemerera ko ibisigaye Reta izobitorera umuti.Umunyeshure yaserukiye abandi muri abo biga mu mwaka w’indwi w’ishure nshingiro yitwa Justin Nsavyimana ariwe yashikirije ijambo yaramenyesheje ko amashure y’akarorero ari 6 mu gihugu cose. Yarashikirije ibikenewe kuri iryo shure, navyo bikaba ari ukuryagura, inyubakwa y’ubuhinga, ibibuga vy’inkino, inyubakwa yojamwo imashini nyabwonko, uburaro bw’abigisha hamwe n’ikibanza c’indimo z’ishure. Yarashimye ko iryo shure ryaronkejwe imodoka ariko ngo ni ntoya kuko isuma bike kandi idatwara benshi nk’iyo bagiye mu nkino. Yasavye kandi ko bohindurirwa imfungurwa kuko bafungura umwuga umwe kandi ngo boronswa n’utwo bafungura mu gitondo kugira bashobore kwiga bafise inguvu. Barasavye kandi ibirato bisa hamwe n’amasheshseti, intebe zo kwicarako mu nyubakwa y’uburiro hamwe n’ivyamwa. Mwomenya ko Prezida NKURUNZIZA yagendeye iryo shure abagemuriye itoni y’umuceri, ibiro 300 vy’isukari, televiziyo nini igezweho, imashini nyabwonko, umufuko w’icayi hamwe n’imipira ikoreshwa mu rukino rw’umupira w’amaguru n’iy’urukino rw ‘umupira w’ amaboko.

Epitace Nduwayo

 

Abakenyezi bagendana indwara yo mu kigo bahamagariwe kuyivuza kuko ikira

vccfghjKw’igenekerezo rya 23 Rusama 2017 ni umunsi mpuzamakungu wahariwe kurwanya indwara yo mu kigo ariyo yo kujojota. Ni muri iyo ntumbero ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu rijejwe ibibazo vy’irwirirana ry’abantu UNFPA ryatunganije inama ku bamenyeshamakuru, n’abandi bari mu bisata bitandukanye mu mashirahamwe,mu mashure n’ahandi kugira babamenyeshe uruhara rwabo mu kurwanya iyo ndwara bongere bahanahane ivyiyumviro vy’ukuntu yoranduranwa n’imizi. Icivugo c’uwo munsi kikaba cari «Ireresi ni agateka k’umukenyezi» Yolande Magonyagi arongoye umugambi w’amagara y’abantu mw’ishirahamwe UNFPA yamenyesheje ko iyo ndwara ikwiye kw’isi yose kandi ku munota ku munota umukenyezi yicwa n’iyo ndwara, ku mwaka hagapfa hafi imiriyoni 2. Iyo ndwara rero ngo ifata abigeme n’abakenyezi bavyaye bakiri bato, canke batevye ku gwahi, abakene bataronka amahera yo kuja kwibarukira kwa muganga, abatagirisha ibipimo mu gihe bibungenze, n’ababa kure y’amavuriro.Ikaba rero iva ku kuntu umukenyezi agira ububabare burenze bw’igitereko n’ibihimba vy’isohokero ry’umwana kubera umwana aba yaje nabi canke umuvyeyi akabura uwumufasha, bigatuma agira agatoboro katari kahasanzwe kaguma gacamwo umwanda muto na mukuru urutavanako. Umukenyezi ahuye n’ivyo vyago arahabonera amakuba atari make kuko kenshi bavyara abana bapfuye inyuma y’ivyo uwo bubakanye akamwirukana, abantu bose bakamwinuba agaca ahitamwo kwigumira mu kigo ari naho havuye iryo zina ry’indwara yo mu kigo. Yolande Magonyagi yaboneyeho kumenyesha abari ngaho bose ko bogira ico bafashije mu gutera akamo abakenyezi bayirwaye bave mu kigo kuko ari indwara nk’izindi ivurwa kandi igakira n’uwayirwaye agasubira kuvyara. Léonce Ngabo yaserukiye igisata c’amareresi mu Burundi yamenyesheje ko indwara yo mu kigo ishobora kurwanywa mu gihe abakina amareresi, abaririmvyi, abanditsi n’abamenyeshamakuru bohagurukira rimwe bakayivuga abantu bose bakayimenya kuko ari indwara mbi ariko itakiri ikinyegezwa canke igiterasoni. Aca agaruka ku mabi umukenyezi arwaye iyo ndwara abona mu rugo no mu kibano hambavu y’uko aruhira ubusa agashimirwa mu kwirukanwa mu rugo n’ukwinubwa kandi yagize ingorane ariko atanga ubuzima.Yarangije atera akamo umuntu wese arwaye iyo ndwara ko yoja ahabona akava mu kigo akayivuza agasubira kugira akamwemwe mu bandi.

   Josélyne Ndayegamiye                                                        

 
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