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Mu Nama Nshikiranganji : Integuro y’ibwirizwa ryerekeye ukwororera ibitungwa n’ukubigaburirira aho bidashobora kwiyerereza yaremejwe

mpoklInteguro y’ibwirizwa ryerekeye ukwororera ibitungwa n’ukubigaburirira aho bidashobora kwiyerereza yarihwejwe irongera iremezwa n’Inama Nshikiranganji yakoranye kw’igenekerezo rya 15 Ntwarante 2017 irongowe n’Umukuru w’igihugu, Petero NKURUNZIZA. Ivyo biri mw’itangazo ryashikirijwe n’umunyamabanga mukuru wa Reta akaba n’umuvugizi wayo Firipo Nzobonariba kw’igenekerezo rya 16 Ntwrante 2017. Iyo nteguro yashikirjwe n’umushikiranganji w’uburimyi n’ubworozi ivuga ko kuva kera mu Burundi hamye hari ubworozi kandi gushika n’uno munsi ubwo bworozi bukarangwa n’uko ibitungwa vyiyerereza bikarisha aho bishoboye ku gahinga.Kubera rero ikibazo c’irwirirana ry’abantu, ngo bene ubwo buryo burahura n’ibibazo bitoroshe kubera uburagiro buguma bukena ku munsi ku munsi bigaca bitera amatati y’urutavanako hagati y’aborozi ubwabo canke hagati y’aborozi n’abarimyi.Ikindi naco ngo ni uko kubera ibitungwa vyiyerereza bituma vyanduzanya indwara zitandukanye. Kuva mu myaka y’2000 hatangujwe umugambi wo gukwiragiza ibitungwa vya kijambere mu benegihugu, Reta irashigikira kandi igahimiriza abarimyi-borozi kugaburirira ibitungwa vyabo mu mpongore kugirango bigire amagara meza, umwimbu wiyongere bahatorere akoyokwe n’ibidukikije bikingirwe. Iyo nteguro ngo yaje kugirango aborozi bahindure imico, babe aborozi ba kijambere. Ngo irerekana uburyo bwo kworora burekuwe n’amategeko, ibisabwa kugira ubworozi bw’ibitungwa vyose bigaburirirwa aho biba bukorwe neza mu gihugu cose c’Uburundi hamwe n’ibihano bizofatirwa abazoba barenze kuri ayo mategeko. Abashikiranganji bamaze guhanahana ivyiyumviro bitandukanye kuri iyo nteguro bakanayunganira bakaba barayemeje. Abashikiranganji barize bongera baremeza n’izindi nteguro z’amategeko zikurikira :Integuro y’itegeko rishinga umurwi ujejwe ibijanye no kworohereza ivyerekeye iyorosha gutwara abantu n’ibintu hakoreshejwe indege, yashikirijwe n’umushikiranganji ajejwe gutwara abantu n’ibintu. Rero ngo Uburundi bwaramaze gushiraho kuva muri Rusama 2014, umugambi w’igihugu wo kworohereza ibijanye n’igutwara abantu n’ibintu hakoreshejwe indege be n’ishirwa mu ngiro ryawo biciye mw’ishingwa ry’umurwi w’igihugu ujejwe ico gikorwa bitegekwa n’Ishirahamwe rijejwe ibijanye n’indege atari iza gisirikare.Ngo ni muri iyo ntumbero iyo nteguro yashikirijwe kugira uwo murwi ushirweho.Hakaba iyindi nteguro y’itegeko rishinga rikongera rigatunganya umurwi ujejwe gukurikirana ingene Reta ishikiriza komine ububasha bwayo bumwe bumwe, yashikirjwe n’umushikiranganjki ajejwe iterambere ry’amakomine.Iryo tegeko ngo rirategekanya ko hazoshingwa umurwi uzoza uramenyesha umushikiranganji ko hageze ko hashingwa itegeko rishikiriza komine ububasha bwahora mu minwe ya Reta. Abashikiranganji ngo barongeye barihweza urwandiko rujanye n’ikena ry’umuyagankuba aha mu Burundi, integuro y’amasezerano yo guhana umuyagankuba hagati y’ishirahamwe REGIDESO n’ishirahamwe ASE SAVE ENERGY LIMITED ungana na megawati 30.hamwe n’urundi rwandiko rujanye n’inyifato n’ingendo bibwirizwa kuranga umukozi wa Reta.

Vyatororokanijwe na

Jean-Robert Nshorirambo

 

Ibiganiro hagati y’abarundi bibera i Arusha ngo bigenda neza naho utunenge tuza turibonekeza

C7GqgTgW4AAMCW0Ibiganiro hagati y’abarundi bibera i Arusha mu gihugu ca Tanzaniya ngo bigenda neza naho utunenge tuza turibonekeza bivuye ku bashaka kwisuka mu buzima bw’igihugu c’Uburundi aribo bakoranye n’abashatse gutembagaza inzego zitorewe n’abenegihugu co kimwe n’abatunganije imigumuko yahitanye ubuzima bw’abantu igatikiza n’ibintu,ubu bakaba bariko barondera ingene bacengetera ngo bashike aho bicarana na Reta mu biganiro bihagarikiwe n’umufasha w’umuhuza muri ivyo biganiro, Benjamin William Mkapa mu ntumbero yo kurondera ko bahabwa ikigongwe badaciye imbere y’ubutungane. Ivyo ni bimwe mu nyishu zatanzwe n’umuvugizi w’Umukuru w’igihugu, Claude Karerwa akongera akunganirwa n’Umuvugizi wa Reta, Firipo Nzobonariba kw’igenekerezo rya 17 Ntwrante 2017, igihe abavugizi b’inzego zitandukanye z’igihugu bariko bishura ku bibazo vy’abamenyeshamakuru n’abanyagihugu bakoresheje terefone, bakaba bari ku murwa mukuru w’intara ya Makamba. Hagati aho, umuvugizi w’Umukuru w’igihugu Claude Karerwa yarashikirije abarundi bose bakurikiranya ico kiganiro indamutso y’Umukuru w’igihugu Petero NKURUNZIZA aho yabifirije kuroranirwa muri uwu mwaka w’2017,abasaba guteramira amahoro n’intahe y’ukwikukira kw’Uburundi.Ngo akaba yarashimiye abarundi bari barahunze igihugu cabo bamaze gutahuka aca atera akamo abacijijanya imitima ngo batahuke bifatanye na benewabo ,baterere ivyiyumviro mu murwi ujejwe gutunganya ibiganiro hagati y’abarundi (CNDI ) n’umurwi ujejwe kumenya ukuri no kunywanisha abarundi (CVR ),hanyuma mu gihugu hatsimbatazwe inyigisho zo gukundisha igihugu kugira abanrundi bagire inyifato ibereye.Ngo Prezida NKURUNZIZA yaribukije abarundi ko umwanagihugu ariwe mutahe n’inyungu vy’igihugu.Yarasavye abarundi kutajana nyabahururu,abataye umurongo nabo ngo bave i buzimu baje i buntu bahebe ingendo yo kubuza amahoro igihugu cabibarutse,bamenye ko Uburundi butwarirwa hagati mu gihugu.

Ku vyerekeye poritike, umtekano n’imigenderanire

Umuvugizi w’umukuru w’igihugu , Claude Karerwa yishura ku gituma Reta itashoboye kwitaba ibiganiro biheruka i Arusha yamenyesheje ko bitumvikana na gato ingene abantu bariko baronderwa n’ubutungane ku vyaha bikomeye bagirizwa n’abandi bitwa ko bari mu migambwe itazwi na Reta boheza bagatumirwa muri ivyo biganiro.Ariko ngo Reta yaramenyesheje umufasha muri ivyo biganiro, umushingantahe w’ijunja n’ijambo Benjamin Mkapa ngo atosore utwo tunenge. Ku kibazo c’imigenderanire hagati y’Uburundi n’amakungu itifashe neza,umuvugizi w’Umuru w’igihugu n’uwa Reta bishiriye hamwe ko izo ngorane zihagaze ku bihugu bibiri vya Buraya arivyo Ububirigi Ubufaransa bikorana n’igihugu kibanyi c’Urwanda kibahaye n’indaro, biguma bikokeza bikoresheje abantu bitwa ko bakorera amashirahamwe aharanira agateka ka zina muntu baurakuranwa mu gushikiriza amaraporo y’ibinyoma n’amarementanya mu ntumbero yo kugerageza gusenyura inzego zitorewe n’abenegihugu, ngo ni navyo vyagize kandi uruhara mu guhimiriza abafasha Uburndi ngo ntibatange uburyo bwo gutunganya amatora mu 2015, ubu naho imfashanyo bahora haba Uburundi bakazironsa abo bagize ibikoresho vyabo baguma barondera kudurumbanya igihugu.Rero ngo ikimaze kugaragara co ni uko ivyo bihugu na cane cane igihugu c’Ububiri cumvise umurwi CVR uri ku kivi kirasha coba kuko gifise uruhara mu mabi yakorewe abarundi n’Uburundi nk’ighandagurwa ry’umuganwa Rudoviko Rwagasore yaharaniye intahe y’ukwikukira kw’Uburundi n’umushikirangoma wa mbere Pierre Ngendandumwe.Ivyo bihugu nyene nivyo bibuza ko abafasha Uburundi gutanga uburyo kugira ukuri ntikuje ahabona,ariko igikorwa washinzwe kikaba kibandanya.Ku vyerekeye abasaba iyemezwa ry’ihonyabwoko ryo mu 1972 ,ngo inyishu ibereye izova mu barundi mbere bace bumvikana ku cibutso kimwe c’ubwicanyi bwagiye buraba mu Burundi n’aho cokwubakwa.Ariko igihambaye ni uko ukuri kuri kahise kabi kwomenyekana n’abakagizemwo bakamenyekana bakongera bagasaba imbabazi.

Ku vyerekeye indero

Abavugizi b’ubushikiranganji bujejwe ivy’indero Juma Edouard na Venant Ndimurirwo barishuye ku bibazo bijanye n’abana bo mu mwaka w’icenda w’ishure Shingiro bayobewe ikibazo mu mwaka uheze, inyigisho z’abana bari mu nkambi z’impunzi mu bihugu bihana imbibe n’Uburundi hamwe n’ikibazo co kwemera impamyabushobozi bazozana, agaciro k’urupapuro k’urupapuro rw’umutsindo (certificat) rusigaye ruhabwa abanyeshure bahejeje amashure yisumbuye, abanyeshure bo mw’ishure ryisumbuye nderabigisha (ENS) bo mu myaka y’ishure itatu ikurikirana iheze batarasoma ibitabu kubera babuze abigisha babakurikirana, agahembo k’abanyeshure bo muri kaminuza y’Uburundi. Juma Edouard yamenyesheje ko kugeza ubu mu bushikiranganji bafise igitigiri c’abanyeshure bangana n’16.000 bayobewe ikibazo mu mwaka uheze bifuza kuzosubira kugikora muri uwu mwaka w’2017. Ngo abo ubushikiranganji buzobategura neza kugira ngo bazogende kugikora bavyiteguriye neza. Ku bijanye n’abana bari mu makambi y’impuzi, Edouard yavuze ko ubushikiranganji budashobora gukurikirana inyigisho bariko barahabwa kugira ngo bubashire ibibazo bikorwa mu Burundi bivuye ku migenderanire idashemeye hagati y’Uburundi n’ivyo bihugu vyakiriye impunzi z’abarundi. Ngo na HCR nayo nyene ntiyavyumvikanye n’Uburundi. Ariko ngo ari hamwe bihindutse imigenderanire ikaba myiza, abo bose bakavyumvikanako, ubushikiranganji bwoheza bugakurikirana inyigisho zohabwa abana b’abarundi bari mu makambi y’impunzi. Ku bwiwe, kumbure ico kibazo kizotorerwa inyishu impunzi zihungutse nk’uko Reta y’Uburundi ivyifuza kandi iriko irakora ibishoboka vyose kugira ngo bikunde. Ariko ngo kubazoshima kwigumira mu bihugu vyo hanze, abanyeshure bagarutse bafise impamyabushobozi zo mu mahanga, umurwi ujejwe kwunganisha impapuro z’umutsindo uzoheza ubatunganirize. Juma Edouard yarongeye aramenyesha ko urupapuro rusigaye ruhabwa abahejeje amashure yisumbuye rufise agaciro kangana na rurya rwahora rutangwa kera (diplôme des humanités). Yaboneyeho guhanura urwaruka kubandanya nyabuna amashure ahanitse ya kaminuza gutyo bakaronke impamyabushobozi zisumbuye arizo bita mu ndimi z’amahanga « licence, master na doctorat). Ku banyeshure bategurirwa kwigisha mu mashure nshingiro, abo nabo bakaba biga imyaka ibiri inyuma y’imyaka ine y’amashure yisumbuye, ngo imyaka iri imbere ubushikiranganji buzoraba uko nabo bohabwa akaryo ko kubandanya amashure ya Kaminuza. Ku bijanye n’abanyeshure bo muri ENS bidoga ko babuze abarimu babakurikirana kugira ngo basome ibitabu vyabo, Venant Ndimurirwo yamenyesheje ko ico usanga ari ikibazo c’umunyeshure umwe umwe agirana n’umwarimu amukurikirana. Ngo si ikibazo rusangi c’abanyeshure bose. Ku kibazo n’agafashanyo k’ingwati kazohabwa abanyeshure bo muri za kaminuza zo mu Burundi, Ndimurirwo yavuze ko iyo ngingo yafashwe kugira ngo bafashe abanyeshure benshi bashoboka gukurikira inyigisho za kaminuza ariko bakazokishura igihe bazotangurira gukora. Ku bwiwe ariko ngo nta mvo n’imwe yotuma abanyeshure bariko bariga ubu bagira yegereyegere kubera iyo ngingo kuko bobo itabaraba, izotangura kuja mu ngiro ku banyeshure bahejeje amashure yisumbuye mu mwaka w’ishure w’2016 ushira uw’2017nabo bakaba batarinjira muri kaminuza. Mu kumwunganira kuri ico kibazo, umuvugizi wa Reta Philippe Nzobonariba yahanuye abanyeshure bo muri kaminuza kutongera kuja mw’ibarabara kuko Reta ifata ingingo ku neza y’abanyagihugu.

Ku vyerekeye ibidukikije

Umuvugizi w’ubushikiranganji bw’ibidukikije Omer Niyonkuru yishuye ibibazo vyerekeye ico gisata avuga ko hambavu y’ishirahamwe rya Reta SETEMU, hariho ayandi mashirahamwe y’abikorera ivyabo yahawe uburenganzira bwo gutororokanya imicafu cane cane mu bisagara kugira ngo ayahinguremwo ibizuku bisubirira amakara n’ibindi bintu.Ariko ngo haracakenewe amategeko agenga ivyo vy’imicafu kugira ngo bikorwe neza kandi mu muco. Yatanze umwizero ko ubushikiranganji bukurikiranira hafi ibijanye no kuraba uko umugambi wo gutunganya ikibanza co gutamwo imicafu c’i Bubanza wonagurwa kubera yuko wari wahagaze bitewe n’uko abanyamahanga bari bemeye gutanga uburyo bidohoye. Ngo mu minsi iza rero bizoshoboka ko imicafu itorwa kandi itabwa ahantu hateguwe hatibagiwe kurobanura iyibora n’iyitabora.       

Ku vyerekeye Ubutunzi n’iterambere

Ku kibazo kijanye n’ugukura amakori n’amatagisi ku bifungurwa mbumbarugo, Désire Musharitse umuvugizi mu bushikiranganji bw’ikigega ca Reta yamenyesheje ko iyo ngingo ikiri mu Nama Nshingamateka izoja mu ngiro inyuma y’amezi 3 umukuru w’igihugu ayishizeko umukono. Ku vyerekeye urudandazwa rw’isukari rwabaye akayoberabahinga, umuvugizi w’Icegera ca kabiri c’Umukuru w’igihugu, Isidore Ntirampeba yamenyesheje iko ico kibazo kiraje ishinga ubutegetsi, hariko higwa ukungene ihinguriro ry’isukari SOSUMO ryonagurwa mu kwagura imirima n’uburyo ikoresha. Ngo mu kurindira ko iryo hinguriro rishobora gutanga umwimbu ukwiye abanyagihugu mbere n’umusesekara wo gushora hanze ukaboneka, Reta yararekuye ko binjiza isukari iva hanze y’igihugu mugabo ntidandazwe ku giciro c’umurengera. Umuvugizi w’ubushikiranganji bw’ubutare n’agataka, Leonidas Sindayisaba yamenyesheje ko umuyagankuba udakwiye kubera ihindagurika ry’ibihe. Urugomero rwa Rwegura rwahora rutanga magewati 18, ubu rutanga megawati 6 nayo urugomero rwa Rusizi rwahora rutanga amamegawate 12, ubu rutanga 4. Kugira ikibazo c’ubukene bw’umuyagankuba gihere, Reta yarugururiye imiryango abikorera ivyabo kugira bazane imitahe. Ubu ingomero ziriko zirubakwa. Ngo hariko harirwa ukungene bosabikanya umuyagankuba ku murango ku buryo abanyagihugu bari ahantu hatandukanye boronka umuyangankuba ku rugero rungana. Ngo kugira ubutare bwa Nickel y’i Musongati bucukurwe, hakenewe umuyagankuba n’ibarabara ry’indarayi. Ngo ubu ivyigwa biriko birakorwa kandi bigeze ku ntambwe ishimishije. Ngo ku vyerekeye igitoro kiri mu kiyaga Tanganyika, hari abahinga bahawe imyaka 8 yo kugira ubushakashatsi. Umuvugizi w’ubushikiranganji bw’intwaro yo hagati mu gihugu, Térence Ntihiraja, yamenyesheje   ko ibijanywe n’itunganywa ry’amasoko ya Ruvumera na COTEBU biriko birigwa. Kuvyerekeye itegeko ry’Umukuru w’igihugu ryo gusubiza mu kigega ca Reta imiriyaridi 81 ku makori atatanzwe, ubu hakaba hamaze gutanga imiriyoni 120, umuvugizi w’Umukuru w’igihugu yamenyesheje ko hamaze gusubizwa imiriyoni 120 kubera hari abategerezwa kuyasubiza bituye ibiro vy’Umukuru w’igihugu bavuga ko barenganijwe. Ubu amadosiye ariko arigwa. Umuvugizi w’ubushikiranganji bw’abakozi ba Reta, Jean Pierre Gahimbare yamenyesheje ko haboneka abakozi badafise amadosiye mw’ishirahamwe ryo gutegekaniriza akazoza abakozi kubera baba bakora badahembwa. Ngo nico gituma hakenewe urutonde rw’abakozi ba Reta. Umuvugizi w’ubushikiranganji bw’ibikorwa vya Reta, Jeanne Mukenguruka yamenyeshe ko ivyigwa vyo gukora ibarabara RN11 Mabanda-Cankuzo vyaheze, ubu hariko haronderwa abofasha kugira ngo rikorwe.

Ku vyerekeye amagara y’abantu

Ibibazo vyabajijwe uwaserukiye ubushikiranganji bw’amagara y’abantu vyari bijanye n’ikiza c’indwara ya marariya n’imiti iyivura havugwa ko yoba idakwije ubushobozi kuko idakiza hamwe n’umurwi washizweho kugira barabe ko imiti ihabwa abarwayi ba marariya yoba ifise ubushobozi bukwiye ,ivyerekeye imiti bavuga ko ari kama idandazwa mu mabarabara bavuga ko ivura indwara nyinshi hamwe n’imiti yinjira iciye mu bihugu bibanyi ko Uburundi bwoba bufise ubuhinga bwo gupima ko iba ikwije ibisabwa ,ibijanye n’ikena ry’imiti mu budandaji bw’imiti bwa «Mutuelle de la Fonction Publique» bigatuma kenshi bahindura imiti muganga aba yandikiye umurwayi «specialité» bagaca baguha «génerique». Ivyo bibazo yaravyishuye aho ku bijanye n’ikiza ca marariya yamenyesheje ko igihugu c’Uburundi adikanije n’abasanzwe bagifasha batanze amahera arenga umuriyaridi yo kugura ibikoresho bikenewe   ngo n’ikimenyamenya ku munsi wa kane hazotangura isekeza ryo gutanga imisegetera ku mihana yose iri mu Burundi hamwe no kwegereza amavuriro abanyagihugu aho atari kugira babapfunyire urugendo.Ibijanye n’imiti yinjira iciye mu bihugu bibanyi nayo yamenyesheje ko hari ba sesankuyoze bikika mu kiza bagaca mu binywabi ariko iyo bafashwe ngobarahanwa bikomeye. Mu bisanzwe imiti yinjira izwi ngo irafise ahantu itegerezwa gusuzumirwa n’ububiko ibikwamwo bukababuzwi.Kuri ivyo nyene vy’imiti hari iyidandazwa mu mabarabara bakavuga ko ari imiti kama ivura indwara nyinshi yahanuye ko abantu ko batoyigura.

Jean-Robert Nshorirambo

Aline Kanyana

Schola Uwanyirigira

Joselyne Ndayegamiye

                                                              

 

Ibihugu vy’Uburundi na Turukiya birabandanya gutsimbataza imigenderanire myiza ihasanzwe

lllkjhgfIcegera ca kabiri c’Umukuru w’igihugu, Joseph Butore yarahaye umubonano uwuserukira igihugu ca Turukiya mu Burundi, Sedef Yavuzalp asanzwe afise icicaro i Kampala mu gihugu c’Ubuganda. Intumbero y’uwo mubonano kukaba kwari ukurabira hamwe ingene imigenderanire n’ugufashanya vyifashe hagati y’ivyo bihugu bibiri hatatu isanzwe ayifashe neza. Ivyo ni ivyashikirijwe n’umuvugizi w’icegera ca kabiri c’umukuru w’igihugu, Isidore Ntirampeba inyuma y’uwo mubonano. Hari ku wa 16 Ntwarante 2017. Nk’uko yabandanije abimenyesha ngo Turukiya hasanzwe hariho imigambi itari mike iriko irarangurwa mu bisata bitandukanye vy’ubuzima bw’igihugu. Akarorero ngo ni nk’ako mu gisata c’indero aho igihugu ca Turukiya kiriko kirafasha Uburundi mu gufata mu mugongo abanyeshure b’abarundi baja kwiga muri ico gihugu. Abo banyeshure nabo iyo bahejeje ngo baraheza batahuka mu Burundi ngo bakaza guterera mw’iterambere ry’igihugu cabo bivanye n’ico umwe umwe wese yigiye, ico naco ngo kikaba ari ikintu abarundi bokwishimira. Isidore Ntirampeba yamenyesheje kandi ko uwuserukira igihugu ca Turukiya mu Burundi yazananye n’abarwizatunga bo muri ico gihugu basanzwe bafise ivyo bariko bararangura mu gihugu c’Ubuganda ngo na cane cane bakaba bipfuza kugira ico baterereye muri wa mugambi wo gushinga akarere kadasanzwe k’ubudandaji. Ku ruhande rwa Reta ngo abo barwizatunga baje hageze na cane cane ko yari isanzwe iriko ikora uko ishoboye kwose kugirango ako karere gashingwe kuko kazogira akamaro kanini mu bijanye n’ubutunzi bw’igihugu. Twobamenyesha ko inyuma y’uwo mubonano, uwuserukira igihugu ca Turukiya mu Burundi, abo barwizatunga hamwe n’abakozi bo mu biro vy’Icegera ca kabiri c’Umukuru w’igihugu baciye baja muri ca kibanza co mu Gatumba, ahasanzwe hazoshingwa ako karere kadasanzwe k’ubudadanji kwirabira abahinga bariyo kugirango babasigurire uko bimeze       gutyo ngo baheze bumvikane ingene bashobora guterera mw’ishingwa ry’ako karere hamwe rero no kubandanya bakomeza imigenderanire myiza ihasanzwe hagati y’ivyo bihugu bibiri.  

Estella Niyongere

 

Abanyagihugu basabwa guhurumbira ibikorwa vy’iterambere

wxwxKw’igenekerezo rya 16 Ntwarante 2017, Icegera ca mbere c’Umukuru w’igihugu Gaston Sindimwo yaragendeye komine Nyabiraba mu ntara ya Bujumbura agiye kwifadikanya n’abanyagihugu bo muri iyo komine mu bikowa vy’iterambere rusangi aho bazokwubaka ishure ry’imyuga, aho gusomera ibitabu hatatu n’ibiro vy’umuyobozi w’amashure mw’ikomine . Inyuma yaho, Icegera ca mbere c’Umukuru w’igihugu Gaston Sindimwo yaciye yifadikanya n’abakenyezi b’imvukira intara ya Bujumbura mu guhimbaza umunsi mukuru wahariwe abakenyezi mu rwego rw’intara. Gaston Sindimwo yamenyesheje ko abakenyezi boja ahabona bagakora gusumba kugira baronke ibibanza vyinshi mu nzego gusumba ivyanditse mu mategeko. Ngo abakenyezi ni kirumara mu muryango kuko nibo baraba indero y’urwaruka. Yaravuze kandi ko ashimira abakenyezi ku ntabwe bagezeko kuko bitanga mu bikorwa vy’iterambere. Yaravuze kandi ko ata mukenyezi n’umwe yoba akirindira ico bamuha ahubwo ko abakenyezi bokura amaboko mu mpuzu bagakora bakaronka ibibanza bipfuza. Ngo iyo habaye imigumuko abakenyezi barabura abana n’abagabo, akaba ari naco gituma boja imbere mu kurondera amahoro n’umutekano. Yarongeye arasaba abakenyezi ko boja muri poritike kugira baronke ibibanza bipfuza. Ikindi naco yabasavye ni uko intara zimbuye kurusha izindi zofasha izindi ntara mu kuzironsa imbuto kuko ngo nibwo bumwe. buramatari w’intara ya Bujumbura Nadine Gacuti yarashimiye abakenyezi bo mu ntara ya Bujumbura ko bitwararitse mu gukora ibikorwa vy’iterambere, yahamagariye kandi abakenyezi kwijukira gukingira ibidukikije mu gutera ibiti, guca imikobeko kugira bakingire igihugu na cane impanuka zivuye kw’ihindagurika ry’ibihe. Menedora Nibaruta arongoye ihuriro ry’abakenyezi mu Burundi yamenyesheje ko Uburundi buri mu bihugu vya mbere bishigikira abakenyezi ivyo bikabatera intege yo mukora. Yarasavye abakenyezi aho bari hose ko bofatana mu nda aho bari hose mu kwijukira kuja mu mashirahamwe kugira nabo biteze imbere. Yarongeye kandi arashimira buramatari w’intara ya Bujumbura yateguye uwo munsi mukuru kugira bahure bahanahane ivyiyumviro vyoteza imbere igihugu.

Thrèse Niyonkuru

 

Kanseri yo mu rw’injiriro rw’igitereko ngo ifata abakenyezi bakiri bato

tyuioKanseri yo mu rwinjiriro rw’igetereko c’umukenyezi ngo ni indwara ifata abakenyezi bakiri bato bafise hagati y’imyaka 40 na 49 kandi bakenye bo mu bihugu bikenye no muri Afrika yo munsi ya Sahara, Amerika y’ubumanuko, Caraibes, Aziya y’ubumanuko n’iyo mu bumanuko bushira ubuseruko. Ivyo vyamenyeshejwe n’uwaserukiye umushikiranganji ajejwe amagara y’abantu no kurwanya ikiza Sida Léocadie Nininahazwe yuguruye inama yo guhimiriza abamenyeshamakuru ku ndwara ya kanseri yo mu rwinjiriro rw’igitereko c’abakenyezi ku wa 10 Ntwarante 2017. Yamenyesheje kandi ko iyo ndwara ari iya mbere ituma abakenyezi bakiri bato bapfa kw’isi, ikaba iya kabiri mu Burundi havuye kanseri yo mw’ibere. Yarongeye amenyesha ko kanseri yo mu rwinjiriro rw’igitereko iterwa kandi n’umugera HP ku bice 90 kw’ijana.Ibindi ngo ni nko kurangura amabanga mpuzabitsina ku bakiri bato, kuvyara imbere y’imyaka 20, umugera HP, guhuza ibitsina n’abagabo benshi, ubukene, kunywa inzoga nyinshi no kunywa itabi. Naho biri uko ngo hari ibimenyetso bigaragaza ko umukenyezi yatanguye gufatwa n’iyo kanseri gutyo agashobora kuvurwa kare mbere agakira. Ikiringo gicaho kugira kanseri yo mu rwinjiriro rw’ igitereko itangure kuboneka neza mu bipimo ngo ni kirekire ku buryo hashobora guca imyaka 10 gutyo agaheza agashobora kwipimisha no kuvurwa hakiri kare. Bisubiye ngo kuvura umukenyezi agitangura kubona ibimenyetso vya mbere vya kanseri biroroshe kurusha kumuvura kanseri imaze gushika kure. Kanseri yo mu rwinjiriro rw’igitereko ngo ni iya kabiri yibonekeza ku bakenyezi 530.000 ku mwaka, igatuma muri abo hapfa 275.000 ; ni ukuvuga ibice 85 kw’ijana mu bihugu bitaratera imbere. Ngo mu mwaka w’2050 abakenyezi bashika 1.000.000 bazoshobora gupimwa kanseri yo mu rwinjiriro rw’igitereko, ibice 90 kw’ijana vy’abazokwicwa n’iyo ndwara ngo bazoba baturuka mu bihugu bikenye. Bisubiye, ngo abakenyezi 50 kw’ijana bipimishije iyo kanseri bagasanga bayifise irabica uko umwaka utashe. Kanseri yo mu rwinjiriro rw’igitereko ngo ni iya mbere muri kanseri zifata abakenyezi mu Burundi ituma bapfa. Ngo ibiharuro bitera vyiyongera ku bakenyezi bagendana umugera wa Sida. Yarongeye amenyesha ko urucanco rw’umugera HP utera kanseri yo mu rwinjiriro rw’igitereko rutuma abakobwa bakingirwa iyo kanseri ku bice 95 kw’ijana. Ngo ni muri iyo ntumbero ubushikiranganji bw’amagara y’abantu no kurwanya Sida bwatanguje umugambi wo gutanga urucanco mu turere tw’ubuvuzi bwo mu Rumonge no mu Kayanza ku bigeme bafise hagati y’imyaka 9 na 13.

Epitace Nduwayo

 

Abigeme basabwa kwiyandikisha mw’ihiganwa ryo gutora umwigeme mwiza kandi w’incabwenge wo mu 2017

IMG 20170307 155803Kw’igenekerezo rya 7 Ntwarante 2017, umurwi ujejwe gutunganya ihiganwa ryo gutora umwigeme w’umurundikazi mwiza kandi w’incabwenge wo mu mwaka w’2017 waratunganije ikiganiro ku bamenyeshamakuru.  Intumbero y’ico kiganiro kukaba kwari ukumenyesha ibintu ngenderwako bisabwa kugirango umwigeme azoje muri iryo higanwa. Iryo yandikwa naryo rikaba rizomara iminsi 45, rikaba ryatanguye kw’igenekerezo rya 8 Ntwarante rikazobandanya gushika ku wa 21 Ndamukiza 2017.  Icivugo c’uwu mwaka kikaba ari “Abagore nk’inkingi mw’iterambere ry’igihugu”. Ivyo bikaba vyashikirijwe n’uwujejwe gutanga amakuru mw’ihiganwa ryo gutora umwigeme mwiza kandi w’incabwenge wo mu 2017, André Hakizimana. Nk’uko yabandanije abimenyesha, ngo ihiganwa ry’uwu mwaka w’2017 risanzwe rifise ibisabwa kugirango umwigeme ashobore kwiyandikisha.  Ivyo navyo ngo ni uko uwo mwigeme ategerezwa kuba ari umurundikazi, akaba ari ku butaka bw’igihugu c’Uburundi mu gihe c’iyandikwa, kuba afise imyaka iri hagati ya 18 na 25 y’amavuka, akaba atararongorwa kandi ata bana afise, afise igihagararo ciza, apima ibiro bitarenga 65, aserukira intara, avuga neza ururimi rw’ ikirundi n’igifaransa, afise uburebure butari munsi y’imetero 1,65  hamwe rero no kuboneka mu mwanya wose w’ihiganwa. André Hakizimana yamenyesheje ko iyandikwa ririko ribera mu gisagara ca Bujumbura mu nyubakwa bita “Galerie alexander” inomero 10  ngo rizoba guhera ku wa mbere gushika ku wa gatanu hagati y’isaha 3 z’igitondo gushika isaha 11 n’igice z’umugoroba hamwe no ku munsi wa gatandatu kuva isaha 5 gushika isaha 7 y’umurango. Abari hagati mu gihugu ngo bakazokwiyandikishiriza ku biro “agences vy’ishirahamwe SMART.  André Hakizimana akaba yamenyesheje ko uwo mwigeme mwiza kandi w’incabwenge azotorwa kw’igenekerezo rya 22 Mukakaro 2017 kandi ngo muri uwu mwaka hazotangwa agashimwe k’umuduga w’umwakaka ngo ukazoronswa uwo mwigeme azoba yabaye uwa mbere.  Uwa kabiri akazoronswa agashimwe kangana n’1 500 000 mu mafaranga y’amarundi. Uwa gatatu nawe ngo azoronka 1 000 000 w’amafaranga y’amarundi.

Estella Niyongere

 
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