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Afrika y’ubuseruko ngo izotera imbere mu gisata c’igitoro mu gihe izoba irangwamwo amahoro n’umutekano

mmpooUMUKURU w’igihugu, Petero NKURUNZIZA amenyesha ko kugira ibihugu bigize ishirahamwe rya Afrika y’ubuseruko (EAC) bitere imbere mu bijanye n’ubushakashatsi bw’ugucukura igitoro n’umwuka bisaba ko ibihugu bigize uwo muryango birangwamwo amahoro n’umutekano n’ukurwanya indyane hagati yavyo narirya bigize umuryango umwe. Indyane hagati y’ibihugu bigize uwo muryango ngo zituma abanyagihugu bo muri ako karere badasubira kwishira ngo bizane nk’uko vyategerezwa. Ivyo yabivuze ku wa 7 Ruheshi 2017 mw’ijambo ryo kwugurura inama  igira 8 y’umuryango wa Afrika y’ubuseruko ihariwe ubushakashatsi bujanye n’ugucukura igitoro  n’umwuka. Prezida NKURUNZIZA yamenyesheje kandi ko izo ngorane zisubiza inyuma iterambere ry’ibihugu bigize uwo muryango n’abanyagihugu bavyo. Ngo niyo mpamvu amakungu ategerezwa kwubahiriza ubwigenge bw’ibihugu vya Afrika na cane cane ibigize ishirahamwe rya Afrika y’ubuseruko (EAC) nk’uko abigira ku bindi bihugu.  Ivyo bihugu kandi ngo vyategerezwa guhanahana ivyiyumviro n’ubuhinga ku bijanye n’ubushakashatsi ku gitoro n’umwuka. Amahinguriro ku bijanye n’igitoro n’umwuka nayo ngo yogira ingaruka nziza kw’iterambere ry’ibihugu vyo muri uwo muryango. Naho biri uko ngo vyokorwa vyubahirije amazi n’ibidukikije muri rusangi kuko bishobora kugira ingaruka mbi ku bantu, ku bidukikije nyene no ku gisenge c’isi. Ikindi ngo naho igihugu cose mu bigize uwo muryango ciyemeje ukwaco kwinjira muri uwo muryango hariho ivyo ibihugu biwugize bitegerezwa kwumvikana bigakorera hamwe mu ntumbero yo kurwanya intambamyi zose zotuma hataba iterambere. Prezida NKURUNZIZA yarifurije kuroranirwa  intumwa zaje ziserukira ibihugu vya Uganda, Kenya na Tanzaniya muri iryo koraniro rigira 8 ry’ishirahamwe ry’Ubumwe bwa Afrika y’ubuseruko (EAC) riraba ibijanye n’igitoro hamwe n’umwuka riba uko imyaka ibiri irangiye. Ngo kubona bahisemwo ko iryo koraniro ribera mu Burundi ni ikimenyamenya c’uko bipfuza ko ishirahamwe ryabo ritera imbere hamwe na Afrika yose. Kuva rero iryo koraniro ritangura kuba mu mwaka w’2003 gushika uwu mwaka ngo haramaze kuba intambwe itari nto muri ico gisata. Ngo iryo shirahamwe kugira riteze imbere ico gisata ritegerezwa guteza imbere nk’igisata c’amabarabara ya kaburimbo n’ay’indarayi hamwe n’izindi nyubakwa zotuma bidandazwa mu bindi bihugu canke bibihanahana hagati yavyo. Ivyo kandi ngo bisaba ko ivyo bihugu bishira uburyo mu kwigisha incabwenge ku bijanye n’ubuhinga bwo muri ico gisata. Bisubiye ngo ivyo bihugu bitegerezwa gushira inguvu hamwe mu ntumbero yo  gucukura ico gitoro n’uwo  mwuka . Imbere y’uko atangura ijambo ryo kwugurura iyo nama, yabanje kuremesha umuryango wa EAC n’igihugu ca Kenya ku rupfu rw’umupfasoni Eunice Kilonzo yahora ajejwe ibijanye n’igitoro mu gihugu ca Kenya yitavye Imana. Umushikiranganji ajejwe amasoko ntanganguvu n’ubutare nawe , Côme Manirakiza yamenyesheje ko ari akaryo keza ku bitavye iyo nama ko kugendera ibibanza vy’iratiro vy’Uburundi na cane cane ikiyaga Tanganyika. Iryo koraniro rero ngo riha akaryo ibihugu bigize umuryango wa afrika y’ubuseruko guhanahana ivyiyumviro ku bijanye n’igisata c’igitoro n’umwuka, uburusho burimwo hamwe n’ivyigwa bimaze gutera imbere muri ico gisata vy’aha n’ibindi. Yamenyesheje ko inama ya mbere yabaye muri Ntwarante 2003 i Naïrobi mu gihugu ca Kenya,  iyigira kabiri muri ntwarante 2005 i Entebbe mu gihugu c’Ubuganda , iya gatatu nayo i Arusha mu gihugu ca  Tanzaniya muri ntwarante 2007. Mu mwaka w’2009 yabereye i Mombasa mu gihugu ca Kenya, iyo muri Ruhuhuma umwaka w’2011 i Kampala mu gihugu ca Uganda ,  iyo  muri Ruhuhuma 2013 i Arusha mu gihugu ca Tanzaniya. Iyaheruka nayo ngo yabereye i Kigali mu gihugu c’Urwanda muri Ntwarante 2015, bukaba rero bubaye ubwa mbere ibereye mu Burundi. Niko kumenyesha ko mu Burundi , ubushakashatsi ku vyerekeye igitoro bwatanguye mu kiyaya ca Rusizi no mu kiyaga Tanganyika, aho bwakozwe ku buringanire bw’ibirometero kwadarato 1.477,5  hamwe no ku buringanire bw’ibirometero kwadrato 793,1 ku butaka bw’ikiyaya ca Risizi.Muri Kenya naho ngo ubushakashatsi bwasanze kiri hagati y’imiriyoni amajana  7 n’imiriyoni 50 y’ubugunguru bw’igitoro,  mu gihugu c’Ubuganda  kiri mu bibanza 6 ku miriyaridi 5 y’ubugunguru bw’igitoro. Urwanda narwo ngo rufise umwuka bita « méthane » ku metero kube imiriyaridi 55. Sudani y’ubumanuko nayo ikaba icukura ubugunguru bungana ibihumbi amajana 5 ku mwaka. Abandi bashikirije ijambo imbere yuko Prezida NKURUNZIZA yugurura iyo nama ni icegera ca kabiri c’umushikiranganji wa mbere wa Ugunda Ali Kirunda Kivejinju hamwe n’umunyamabanga nshingwabikorwa w’ishirahamwe EAC, Libérat Mfumukeko yashikirije ijambo ry’ikaze. Mu gusozera iyo nama, umushikiranganji ajejwe amasoko ntanganguvu n’ubutare, Côme Manirakiza yamenyesheje ko iyo nama ari akaryo ko gukorera hamwe mu gisata c’igitoro n’umwuka.  Aho akaba ari mu bijanye n’ubushakashatsi, gucukura igitoro hamwe no kubihanahana hagati y’ivyo bihugu. Naho biri uko ngo intambwe iracari ndende kugira ico gisata gitere imbere, giteze imbere ivyo bihugu n’abanyagihugu bavyo. Yamenyesheje ko iyindi ntambamyi ikiriho ari ukugira ivyo bihugu biringanize kumwe amategeko agenga ico gisata mu ntumbero yo gukura inzitizi zose zibonekeza.

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